Index of Freedom in the World
Index of Freedom in the World (Freedom Index, Worldwide Index of Human Freedom) is an index of civil liberties published by Canada's Fraser Institute, Germany's Liberales Institute, and the U.S. Cato Institute in late 2012.
The index is based on measures of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, individual economic choice, freedom of association, freedom of assembly, violence and crimes, freedom of movement, homosexual rights and women's rights. Other components of the Freedom Index include human trafficking, sexual violence, female genital mutilation, homicide, freedom of movement, and adoption by homosexuals.
The index rates countries on a scale from 10 (most free) to 0 (least free). In 2012 the most free countries were New Zealand (8.73), the Netherlands (8.47), and Hong Kong (8.39). Least free were Zimbabwe (3.38), Burma (3.72), and Pakistan (4.47). The components on which the index is based can be divided into economic freedoms and other personal freedoms. Highest ranking in economic freedoms were Hong Kong (9.02) and Singapore (8.75). Highest ranking in personal freedoms were the Netherlands (9.5) and Uruguay (9.4).
The Freedom Index does not measure democracy, but it does measure freedom of speech and media, press killings, political imprisonment etc. According to the report, democracy may be the form of government that best protects freedom, but democracy may both increase and reduce freedom. Nevertheless, democracy strongly (0.79) correlates with freedom, as measured by the Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index and the Freedom Index.
The Freedom Index is included as part of the book Towards a Worldwide Index of Human Freedom, written by 13 academics and economists from Canada (Fraser Institute), the United States (Cato Institute, Emory University), Germany (Liberales Institut, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main), and Russia (Institute of Economic Analysis). Among other claims, the report argues that the criminalization of and the war on drugs have restricted many components of freedom.
- Economic Freedom of the World, an annual survey produced by the Fraser Institute
- List of freedom indices
- " World Freedom Index 2013: Canadian Fraser Institute Ranks Countries ", Ryan Craggs, Huffington Post, 14 January 2013
- New Zealand ranked No. 1 in new comprehensive index of human freedom; U.S. and Denmark tied for seventh, Fraser Institute, 2013.
- An Index of Freedom in the World, Chapter 3 of Towards a Worldwide Index of Human Freedom, Fraser Institute, 2012.
Human Freedom, Fraser Institute web page