India–Kenya relations

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India–Kenya relations
Map indicating locations of India and Kenya

India

Kenya

India–Kenya relations are bilateral diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Republic of Kenya.

History[edit]

As littoral states of the Indian Ocean, trade links and commercial ties between India and Kenya go back several centuries. Kenya has a large minority of Indians and Persons of Indian Origin living there who are descendants of labourers who were brought in by the British to construct the Uganda Railway and Gujarati merchants.[1] Prior to India's independence, the welfare of Indians in East Africa gained the attention of Indian freedom fighters. Sarojini Naidu chaired the Mombasa session of the East African Indian Congress in 1924 and a fact-finding mission under K.P.S. Menon was sent there in 1934. After India's independence, it established an Office of the Commissioner for British East Africa resident in Nairobi in 1948.[2] Given deteriorating race relations between Indians and Kenyans, Jawaharlal Nehru appointed the senior diplomat Apa Pant as High Commissioner to Kenya. Nehru also gave support to Jomo Kenyatta and the Kenya African National Union party, asking Indians in Kenya to identify themselves with the Africans.[3] Despite worsening race relations in Kenya that led to the exodus of Asians there to India and Britain, economic cooperation between India and Kenya flourished and became an exemplar of South-South cooperation.[4] Following Kenyan independence in 1963, an Indian High Commission was established in Nairobi and an Assistant High Commission set up in Mombasa. Kenya maintains a High Commission in New Delhi that is concurrently accredited to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Singapore.[5] Kenya and India are members of international fora like United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, Commonwealth of Nations, G-77 and G-15 and the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation and often cooperate with each other on these fora.[6]

Economic ties[edit]

India and Kenya have growing trade and commercial ties. Bilateral trade amounted to $2.4 billion in 2010–2011 but with Kenyan imports from India accounting for $2.3 billion, the balance of trade was heavily in India's favour. India is Kenya's sixth largest trading partner and the largest exporter to Kenya. Indian exports to Kenya include pharmaceuticals, steel, machinery and automobiles while Kenyan exports to India are largely primary commodities such as soda ash, vegetables and tea. Indian companies have a significant presence in Kenya with Indian corporates like the Tata Group, Essar, Reliance Industries and Bharti Airtel operating there. The Indian public sector banks Bank of Baroda and Bank of India have operations in Kenya.[7][8][9] Kenya has been trying to promote itself as a tourist destination in India. However air connectivity between the two countries is limited and is provided by Kenya Airways between Mumbai and Delhi to Nairobi. Services to Nairobi, which was Air India's second international destination, begun to in 1951 was finally shut down by the airline in 2010.[2][10][11]

Technical cooperation[edit]

India offers 101 fully funded scholarships for Kenyans annually under its Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme for training them in technical skills. The Exim Bank of India has provided Kenya with a loan of $61 million for overhauling its national power grid.[12] India's Pan-African e-Network project seeks to make available teleeducation and telemedicine facilities to African countries including Kenya. Indian investments in Kenya are now worth $1.5 billion and India's pharmaceutical exports have played a key role in making essential drugs available at affordable prices in Kenya.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "INDIA - KENYA BILATERAL RELATIONS". High Commission of India, Nairobi. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "India-Kenya Relations". Ministry of External Affairs, India. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Grover, Verinder. Africa and India's Foreign Policy. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications. p. 138. 
  4. ^ "Kenya-India trade and aid relations flourish to benefit of both nations". Christian Science Monitor. 12 March 1981. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "High Commission of Kenya in New Delhi". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "India- Kenya Economic Ties looking Up". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "India-Kenya Relations - Ministry of External Affairs". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Kenya: Trade with India is Not Balanced". All Africa. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "India replaces Emirates as top source of Kenya imports". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Kenya could tap India's 11 million tourist population". The Star. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Kenya Airways to Start Direct Flights to New Delhi". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "India-Kenya trade to rise 25 pct in 2011-envoy". Reuters India. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "India-Kenya to Enhance Bilateral Trade to $ 2.5 Billion by 2012-13". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 29 December 2012.