India–Madagascar relations refers to the current and historical relationship between India and Madagascar. Relations between Madagascar and western India began in the 18th century and regular trade dates to at least the late 1800s. Interstate relations began in 1954 when independent India established a consulate in then French-controlled Madagascar. When Madagascar became independent in 1960, the consulate was upgraded to embassy status. In February 2011, relations were considered cordial, with several high level officials having had exchanging visits over the course of relations. Approximately 20,000 people of Indian origin lived in Madagascar, including 2,500 Indian citizens.