Malta and India maintain diplomatic relations. Malta opened a High Commission in New Delhi in 2007; The present Maltese High Commissioner in New Delhi is H.E. John Aquilina and Ms Alberta Borg is second secretary. Malta also has Honorary Consulates in Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
India is represented in Malta through its embassy in Tripoli and an honorary consul Mr Johann J. Cuschieri at the Honorary Indian Consulate in St Venera, Malta. Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The political relations between the nations of Malta and India stretch back many years even before the two became independent nations. In 1878, the British controlled Indian government dispatched 7000 native Indian troops to the island of Malta. This was the first time the Indian Army was deployed to Europe, and questions regarding its constitutionality were raised in the British parliament. The move was seen as a signal, during the height of the Great Eastern Crisis, that Britain was ready to supplement its own forces with troops from India to counter any Russian threats to Turkey, or future wars in Europe.
India and Malta exchanged presidential visits in 1990 and 1992. Malta opened a High Commission in New Delhi in 2007. Malta also has a Consulate in Chennai, Kolkata and in Mumbai. India is represented in Malta through its embassy in Tripoli (Libya) and an honorary consul Mr Johann J. Cuschieri in St Venera. According to a United Nations trade agreement, the two nations will meet at least once annually to discuss economic, industrial, scientific and technological trade as well as other relationship issues.
In a speech to the Maltese Parliament, Foreign Minister Dr. Michael Frendo mentioned that he wanted to make India a focus area in Malta's foreign policy. Frendo visited India in March 2005. The six-day visit was the first high level visit after a gap of 13 years, when the then President Ċensu Tabone visited India.
The Maltese government encourages Indian business firms to set up business in Malta. In order to attract Indian businesses Malta has offered various incentives to Indian companies. Malta has also signed a bilateral trade agreement with the Indian government, for the avoidance of double taxation. Bilateral trade between India and Malta witnessed a phenomenal growth. During April-November 2012 period India’s exports to Malta had reached US$ 265.26 million whereas imports from Malta have been US$ 22.96 million. The main items of India’s exports to Malta are marine products, drugs, pharmaceutical & fine chemicals, inorganic/organic/agro chemicals, manufactures of metals, transport equipment's, and other commodities. The main items of India’s imports from Malta are pulp and waste paper, metal scraps, organic chemicals, medicinal & pharmaceutical products, electronic goods.
According to a United Nations treaty both nations decided to establish stronger cultural ties. The two agreed to honor each other's cultural heritage and promote cultural ties in each other's countries.
In year 2007, there were around 200 Non-Resident Indians living in Malta. Malta also has a well-established business community of Indian descent, that traces its roots to migration of Sindhi businessmen starting around 1887. While both countries were under British rule, Malta served as a convenient trading node for exporting silk and curios from India and Far East to places around the Mediterranean and South America. However following India's independence, and due to strict immigration laws in Malta, not a single Indian is said to have emigrated to Malta between 1952 and 1985. The traders of Indian descent in Malta belong to the Sindhi community and are locally known as l-Indjani ("the Indians"). The community continues to maintain Indian traditions in Malta, such as organizing Diwali celebrations and running temples. Though once very isolated, it is now well-integrated into Maltese society and regarded as a national local minority. However Hinduism is still to be recognized as a religion in Malta. Maltese have been going to India from early twentieth century to spread Christianity in India. The first recorded arrival is of a Maltese missionary to Kolkata in 1924. With the strict visa rules coming into force in India Maltese missionaries entry into India is now restricted. There are several Maltese residents in India supported by the Maltese Consulate in New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata that provide Consular service to them. Maltese firms like Malta Enterprises have a presence in India. 
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