India–Mauritius (or Indo-Mauritian relations) refers to the historical, political, economic, military, social and cultural connexions between the Republic of India and the Republic of Mauritius. Connexions between India and Mauritius date back to 1730, diplomatic relations were established in 1948, before Mauritius became independent state. The cultural affinities and long historical ties between the two nations have contributed to strong and cordial relations between the two nations.
More than 68% of the Mauritian population are of Indian origin, most commonly known as Indo-Mauritians. Economic and commercial corporation has been increasing over the years. India has become Mauritius’ largest source of imports since 2007 and Mauritius imported US$816 million worth of goods in the April 2010-March 2011 financial year. Mauritius has remained the largest source of FDI for India for more than a decade with FDI equity inflows totalling US$55.2 billion in the period April 2000 to April 2011. India and Mauritius co-operate in combating piracy, which has emerged as a major threat in the Indian Ocean region and Mauritius supports India’s stance against religious terrorism.
The relationship between Mauritius and India date back to the early 1730s, when artisans were brought from Pondicherry and Tamil Nadu. Diplomatic relations between India and Mauritius were established in 1948. Mauritius maintained contacts with India through successive Dutch, French and British occupation. From the 1820s, Indian workers started coming into Mauritius to work on sugar plantations. From 1834 when slavery was abolished by the British Parliament, large numbers of Indian workers began to be brought into Mauritius as indentured labourers. On 2 November 1834 the ship named 'Atlas' docked in Mauritius carrying the first batch of Indian indentured labourers. This day is now observed in Mauritius as 'Aapravasi Day'. In all, about half a million Indian indentured labourers are estimated to have been brought into Mauritius between 1834 and the early decades of the 20th century, out of whom about two-thirds settled permanently in Mauritius. In Mauritius they were embarked at the Aapravasi Ghat in Port Louis, the site has also been recognized by UNESCO when it was declared a World Heritage Site in 2006. Indians from the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh,UttrakhandGujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra came to Mauritius.