|Area||3,287,240 km² (1,269,210 sq. mi)||1,972,550 km2 (761,606 sq mi)|
|Population Density||364/km² (943/sq. mi)||57/km2 (142/sq mi)|
|Capital||New Delhi||Mexico City|
|Largest City||Mumbai - 13,922,125 (21,347,412 Metro)||Mexico City – 8,851,080 (20,137,152 Metro)|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional republic||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|GDP (nominal)||US$4.99 trillion (US$4,000 per capita) [2013 estimate]||US$1.845 trillion (US$15,600 per capita) [2014 estimate]|
History of diplomatic relations
India–Mexico relations have consistently been friendly, warm and cordial, characterized by mutual understanding and growing bilateral trade and all-round cooperation. Both nations established diplomatic relations on 1 August 1950. The following year, Mexico established an embassy in Delhi and the first Mexican ambassador to India was former Mexican President Emilio Portes Gil. In 1962, Nobel Prize laureate Octavio Paz was named ambassador to India.
Both nations are significant emerging economies and important global players with similar socio-economic development priorities and constraints. Today, both nations are members of the G-20 major economies and the United Nations.
Over the years, there have been several high level visits from leaders of both nations:
Head of State and Government Level Visits from India
- Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru (1961)
- Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (1981)
- President Zail Singh (1984)
- Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (1986)
- President Pratibha Devisingh Patil (2008)
Head of State and Government Level Visits from Mexico
- President Adolfo Lopez Mateos (1962)
- President Luis Echeverria Álvarez (1975)
- President Jose Lopez Portillo (1981)
- President Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado (1985)
- President Felipe de Jesús Calderón Hinojosa (2007)
Trade between the two nations has been steadily increasing on an average of 30% each year. India is Mexico's 21st most important trading partner with Mexico importing from India diamonds, automobile parts and other electronic equipment. India mainly imports from Mexico oil, petroleum based products and minerals, among other things. Commerce between the two nations amounted to $7 billion USD. In 2012, India proposed that both nations should work towards a free trade agreement with each other respectively.
Resident diplomatic missions
- India has an embassy in Mexico City and honorary consulates in Guadalajara and Monterrey.
- Mexico has an embassy in New Delhi and honorary consulates in Kolkata and in Mumbai.
- Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on India-Mexico relations
- Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs on diplomatic relations with India (in Spanish)