India–Tanzania relations

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India - Tanzania relations
Map indicating locations of India and Tanzania

India

Tanzania

India–Tanzania relations refers to the current and historical relations between India and Tanzania. India has a high commission in Dar es Salaam,[1] Tanzania has an embassy in New Delhi, which is also accredited to Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar.[2] Diplomatic relations are described as close, friendly and cooperative.[3] 15,000 Indians visited Tanzania in 2007.[4] In May 2011, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh calls for strengthen cooperation with Tanzania.[5] Trade between India and Tanzania amounted to 31 billion dollars in 2009–2010 and India is Tanzania's second-largest investor.[6]

History[edit]

From the 1960s to the 1980s, both countries had the same view on anti racism and anti colonialism. In November 1962, India opened a High commission in Dar es Salaam and consulate general in Zanzibar in October 1974.[3]

Exchange of visits[edit]

Besides the exchanging visits of Foreign Ministers and other high level Government Dignitaries, the two countries have also witnessed the exchange of visits of their high level Government and Political Leaders as shown below;

President Dr. Ali Mohammed Shein visits New Delhi, India

Tanzania High Level Visists to India

S/No. Name Year
1 President Mwalimu J.K. Nyerere 1971, 1976, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1996
2 First Vice President and President of Zanzibar, Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi 1973,1977,1978
3 Prime Minister Rashid Mfaume Kawawa 1975
4 President Ali Hassan Mwinyi 1989,1993
5 Prime Minister Edward M. Sokoine 1980
6 President William Benjamin Mkapa 2002
7 President of Zanzibar Amani A. Karume 2004
8 Vice President Dr. Ali Mohamed Shein March, 2008
9 President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete April, 2008
10 Prime Minister Mizengo Peter Pinda September, 2009
11 1st Vice President of Zanzibar H.E. Seif Sharif Hamad September 2011
12 President of Zanzibar Dr. Ali Mohamed Shein February 2014

India High Level Visits to Tanzania

S/No. Name Year
1 President V.V. Giri 1972
2 Vice President Dr. G.S. Pathak 1974
3 Vice President D.B. Jatti 1975
4 Prime Minister Indira Gandhi 1976, 1980
5 Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi 1986
6 President R. Venkataraman 1989
7 Prime Minister I.K. Gujral 1997
8 President Abdul Kalam 2004
9 Dr. Manmohan Singh 2011

Bilateral Agreements[edit]

  • Joint Permanent Commission signed on 17 January 1975. The Seventh JPC met in New Delhi from 13 to 14 January 2009.
  • Agreement on Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion (1979). The 3rd round of talks for review of the same was held in New Delhi from 28–30 April 2009 and a new one was signed in Dar es Salaam on 27 May 2011.
  • Agreement on Friendship and Technical, Economic and Scientific Cooperation (28 January 1966).
  • Air Services Agreement (1995) Talks were held in Dar es Salaam in April 2006 to update the Agreement.
  • MOU for Cooperation in the field of Agriculture was signed on 16 December 2002 during the visit of President Benjamin William Mkapa to India.

Non-Governmental Agreement[edit]

  • Agreement in the field of Health & Medicine signed on 16 December 2002 during the visit of President Benjamin William Mkapa to India.
  • Exchange Program on Cooperation in the field of Higher Education signed on 27 April 2003.
  • Trade Agreement was signed on 14 January 2000. Pursuant to the Agreement a Joint Trade Committee was established. The second meeting of the JTC was held in New Delhi from 16 – 18 May 2007.
  • MOU on Defense Cooperation signed on 1 October 2003 in New Delhi.
  • Duty Free Tariff Preference Scheme offered by India (Tanzania Accessed the scheme from 22 May 2009).
  • Bilateral Investment Promotion Protection Agreement (BIPPA) The first negotiating meeting was held in New Delhi in January, 2010. Final fine tuning of the Agreement still outstanding.
  • Recent announcements and signed agreements (During Hon. Manmohan Singh Visit to Tanzania on May 2011)
  • India will avail US$100,000 Grant Money for school laboratory Equipments
  • India will avail US$10,000,000 Grant Money for Capacity building on Social and Education Sectors.
  • India promised to help establishing a Vocational training centre in Zanzibar
  • A line of Credit facility amounting to US$180 Million for water projects (Dar es Salaam and Coast) is available to Tanzania.
  • India and Tanzania signed an agreement on Avoidance of double taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on Income.
  • India and Tanzania signed a Joint Action Plan between Small Scale Development Organization (SIDO – Tanzania) and National Small Industries Corporation Ltd of (NSIC – India).
  • Preliminary joint Venture Agreement between Apollo Hospitals and NSSF Tanzania for Building Apollo hospital in Dare s salaam Tanzania was signed.
  • Also during the India’s Prime Minister Visit to Tanzania, the India-Tanzania Centre of Excellence in “Information and Communication Technology” was inaugurated in Dar es Salaam at the Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology.
  • MoU on cooperation between the Zanzibar Institute if Financial Administration (ZIFA) and the Indian Institute of Applied Manpower Resources (IAMR).
  • Agreement on the Establishment of Joint Business Council between FICCI &ASSOCHAM, and the Tanzania Chamber of Commerce, Industry & Agriculture –TCCIA signed on 25 June 1997.
  • MOU between CII and the Confederation of Tanzanian Industries - CTI signed on 4 October 1996.
  • Cooperation Agreement between Indian Merchants’ Chamber (IMC) and TCCIA – signed on 11 July 1995.
  • MoU for establishing India-Tanzania Centre of Excellence in ICT at the Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology – signed on March, 2008.
  • MOU between the Indo-Africa Chambers of Commerce and Industry – IACCI and the Zanzibar National Chamber of Commerce Industry and Agriculture – ZNCCIA signed on 28 April 2011

Cooperation[edit]

A friendship, technical, economic and scientific cooperation was signed in 1966. In 1975, a cultural agreement was signed.[7] In 2008, a memorandum of understanding on tourism was signed between India and Tanzania.[4]

Indian community in Tanzania[edit]

The first Indian diaspora came to Tanzania shortly after World War I, when the League of Nations designed Tanzania as a British protectorate.[6] 40.000 Indians live in Tanzania, predominantly in Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Dodoma, Morogoro, Mwanza, Mbeya and Zanzibar.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "High Commission of India in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania". Government of India. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Tanzania Missions Abroad (Embassies&High Commissions)". Government of Tanzania. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "India - Tanzania relations". Government of India. Retrieved 21 June 2011. Tanzania and India have traditionally enjoyed close, friendly and co-operative 
  4. ^ a b Apoliniari Tairo (26 June 2008). "Tanzania set to strengthen tourism ties with India". ETurboNews. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "PM calls for further strengthening of India-Tanzania cooperation, friendship". IndiaVision. 28 May 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Arnaud Bébien (27 May 2011). "Tanzania: India - a Rewarding Relationship". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Tanzania". Retrieved 21 June 2011.