Currently, the team has never qualified for the Summer Olympics with the senior team qualifying in 1960 and has so far never qualifyed for the U-22 Asian Cup as well. In the Asian Games the team has made it as far as the Round of 16 stage in 2010, only to lose to Japan 5–0.
India's under-23s participated in their first ever tournament during the 2002 Asian Games in Busan, South Korea. They were put into a group with China, Turkmenistan, and Bangladesh. Their first match was against Bangladesh in which India won 3–0 through a brace from future senior captain Baichung Bhutia and a strike from Renedy Singh. India then played their second match two days later against Turkmenistan where they won 3–1. Bhutia again scored a brace while Abhishek Yadav scored the third goal as India ran out 3–1 winners. Unfortunately, in their final match against China, India could not find the net as they fell 2–0 and thus were knocked-out of the Asian Games.
During the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China, India were placed in a group with Qatar, Kuwait Athletes, and Singapore. India lost their first match against the Kuwait Athletes 2–0 and then lost their second match against Qatar 2–1 with the lone India goal coming from Dharmaraj Ravanan. India then went on to win their final match of the group stage against Singapore 4–1. Four players scored each goal, Jewel Raja, Balwant Singh, Jibon Singh, and Manish Maithani. The victory managed to help India finish in third-place which then helped India become the best third-place team out of all the other third-placed teams and thus qualified them for the Round of 16.