Ahmadiyya in India

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Indian Ahmadis are the members of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community or born in India have Indian descent.

History[edit]

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and Founding of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in 1889[edit]

Main article: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was a prominent religious figure from India. He founded the community in 1889 by the first oath from its followers. In census of 1900 or 1901, during census Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was emerged distinguishably from other Muslims. Qadian remained the international headquarters of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community before Rabwah.[1]

Caliphs and Partition of India[edit]

Despite being facing persecution and criticism from dominant Muslim majority in India, Ahmadis continued to spread in India. They were the supporters of Pakistan Movement.

Partition of India and Ahmadiyya majority leaves for Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Partition of India

After the creation of Pakistan Movement, majority of Ahmadis moved to Pakistan with their spiritual leader Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad. The number of them decreased.

1947-present[edit]

Main articles: Qadian and Jalsa Salana

Ahmadiyya Muslim Community increased in India after partition. Ahmadis are declared as Muslims by the Constitution of India. Most of them live in Rajasthan, Orissa, Haryana, Bihar, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and a few in Punjab in the area of Qadian. Qadian remains the spiritual centre of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. They had international gathering in Qadian named Jalsa Salana.[2]

Community Issues[edit]

India is a secular state having Hindu majority but Ahmadis are persecuted because of the dominant other Muslim sects in India.

Discrimination from Muslim majority[edit]

Ahmadis are not allowed to sit on the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, a body of religious leaders India's government recognises as representative of Indian Muslims. They are the declared as infidels from others Muslims[3][4]

Ahmadiyya architecture[edit]

A number of spiritual places of Ahmadis exist there which are important for Ahmadis from all over the world. White Minaret, Mubarak Mosque etc. Qadian, is the birthplace of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

Prominent Figures[edit]

Some of the prominent members of the community are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmad, Mirza Basheer-ud-din Mahmood (1988) [1967]. Hadhrat Ahmad. Athens, Ohio: Islam International Publications. p. 62. OCLC 45764230. 
  2. ^ "Number of Ahmadis in India". Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. 1 November 1991. Retrieved 9 March 2009. 
  3. ^ Darul Uloom Deoband's ruling on Ahmadiyyas
  4. ^ Naqvi, Jawed (1 September 2008). "Religious violence hastens India’s leap into deeper obscurantism". Dawn. Retrieved 23 December 2009.