Indian Bank

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Type Public
Traded as BSE523465
Industry Financial services
Founded 1907
Headquarters Chennai, India
Key people T.M.Bhasin (Chairman & MD)
Revenue IncreaseINR2119.88 billion (US$35 billion) (2012)
Net income Increase INR135 billion (US$2.2 billion) (2012)
Total assets INR11218 billion (US$180 billion) (2011)
Employees 18782

Indian Bank is an Indian state-owned financial services company headquartered in Chennai, India. It has 19000 employees, 2100 branches and is one of the big public sector banks of India. It has overseas branches in Colombo, Jaffna, Sri Lanka, Singapore, and 229 correspondent banks in 69 countries. Since 1969 the Government of India has owned the bank, which celebrated its centenary in 2007.


Early formation and expansion[edit]

In the last quarter of 1906, Madras (now Chennai) was hit by the worst financial crisis the city was ever to suffer.[1] Of the three best-known British commercial names in 19th century Madras, one crashed; a second had to be resurrected by a distress sale; and the third had to be bailed out by a benevolent benefactor. Arbuthnot & Co, which failed, was considered the soundest of the three. Parry's (now EID Parry), may have been the earliest of them and Binny & Co.'s founders may have had the oldest associations with Madras, but it was Arbuthnot, established in 1810, that was the city's strongest commercial organisation in the 19th Century. A key figure in the bankruptcy case for Arbuthnot's was the Madras lawyer, V. Krishnaswamy Iyer; he went on to organise a group of Chettiars that founded Indian Bank. Annamalai and Ramaswami Chettiar founded Indian Bank (IB) on 5 March 1907, and it commenced operations 15 August 1907 with its head office in Parry's Building, Parry Corner, Madras.

Post Independence of India[edit]

After the war, in 1948, it reopened its branch in Colombo. Indian Bank also reopened its branches in Burma, Malayan and Singapore, the last in 1962. The Burmese government nationalised all foreign banks, including Indian Bank's branch, in 1963.

The 1960s saw IB expand domestically as it acquired Rayalaseema Bank (est. 1939), Mannargudi Bank (est. 1932), Bank of Alagapuri, Salem Bank (est. 1925), and Trichy United Bank. (Trichy United was the result of the 1965 merger of Woraiyur Commercial Bank, the Palakkarai Bank and the Tennur Bank.) These were all small banks with the result that all the acquisitions added only about 38 branches to IB's network. Trichy United had five branches and its acquisition in 1967 brought the number of IB branches up to 210.

Then on 19 July 1969 the Government of India nationalised 14 top banks, including Indian Bank. One consequence of the nationalisation was that the Malaysian branches of nationalised Indian banks were forbidden to continue to operate as branches of the parent. At the time, Indian Bank had three branches, and Indian Overseas Bank, and United Commercial Bank had eight between them. In 1973 the three established United Asian Bank Berhad to amalgamate and take over their Malaysian operations.

International expansion continued in 1978 with IB becoming a technical adviser to PT Bank Rama in Indonesia, the result of the merger of PT Bank Masyarakat and PT Bank Ramayana. Two years later, IB, Bank of Baroda, and Union Bank of India established IUB International Finance, a licensed deposit taker in Hong Kong. Each of the three banks took an equal share in the joint venture.

Post nationalisation[edit]

In 1969 the Government of India nationalised Indian Bank, and thirteen other banks.

In 1990, Indian Bank rescued Bank of Tanjore (Bank of Thanjavur; est. 1901), with its 157 branches, based in Tamil Nadu.

A multi-crore scam was exposed in 1992, when then chairman M. Gopalakrishnan lent ₹13 billion to small corporates and exporters from the south, which the borrowers never repaid.

Bank of Baroda bought out its partners in IUB International Finance in Hong Kong in 1998. Apparently this was a response to regulatory changes following Hong Kong's reversion to Chinese control. IUB became Bank of Baroda (Hong Kong), a restricted licence bank.

Diversified banking activities – 2 Subsidiary companies[edit]

  • Ind bank Merchant Banking Services Ltd.
  • Ind Bank Housing Ltd.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stanley A. Cochanek. Business and Politics in India. University of California Press. p. 152. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Seshadri, R.K. 1982. A swadeshi bank from south India. Madras: Indian Bank.

External links[edit]