Indian bush lark

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Indian bush lark
In Pune
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Mirafra
Species: M. erythroptera
Binomial name
Mirafra erythroptera
(Blyth, 1845)

The Indian bush lark, Indian bushlark or red-winged bushlark (Mirafra erythroptera) is a species of bushlark found in South Asia mainly in India.


It is pale and is mostly found in arid areas. It has a cheek patch completely bounded by a white supercilium and post-auricular border. The crown and upperparts are heavily streaked. The pale underparts have large spots on the breast. It is distinguished from Jerdon's bush lark (Mirafra affinis) by its longer tail, shorter bill and legs. Most of its wing coverts, tertials and central tail feathers have pale centres. The primary coverts look all brown.

It sings from bush tops but does not usually perch on trees or wires. The calls are similar to that of Jerdon's bush lark but are lower and have longer rattling tremolos often falling in pitch.[2]

The song-flight during the mating season is an amazing spectacle. The bird flutters high over the ground, then holds its wings in an open V and "parachutes" down to its perch uttering its song consisting of short tweets and cheeps in three syllables followed by a longer fourth syllable. This combination is repeated till the bird perches again.

The rufous wing bars are diagnostic but care must be taken not to confuse the bird with M. affinis in the central Western Ghats and country around where their ranges overlap. Mirafra affinis is darker with more rufous on the wings.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Mirafra erythroptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ P.C. Rasmussen and J.C. Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Lynx Edicions.