Indian Certificate of Secondary Education
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The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, a private, non-governmental board of school education in India, for class 10, i.e. grade 10. It has been designed to provide an examination in a course of general education, in accordance with the recommendations of the New Education Policy 1986 (India), through the medium of English.
The examination allows secure suitable representation of Governments responsible for schools (which are affiliated to it) in their States/Territories. Private candidates are not permitted to appear for this examination.
The subjects that are offered are divided into three groups. Group I includes Compulsory Subjects - English, History , Civics & Geography, and Indian Language, Group II which includes any two from Mathematics, Science, Environmental Science, Computer Science, Agricultural Science, Commercial Studies, Technical Drawing, A Modern Foreign Language, A Classical Language and Economics, and Group III has any one from Computer Applications, Economic Applications, Commercial Applications, Art, Performing Arts, Home Science, Cookery, Fashion Designing, Physical Education, Technical Drawing Applications, Yoga, and Environmental Applications. All subjects have components of internal assessment, that are carried out by schools, on the basis of assignments/project work, practicals and coursework. There is 20% weightage for internal assessment in group I and II and 50% weightage for group III.
In subjects where there are more than one paper(E.g., Science), the marks obtained in the subject are calculated by taking the average of all the papers in the subject. Candidates appearing for the examination have to study six subjects, with anywhere from 1 to 3 papers in each subject. For subject HC&G the paper 1 consists of History & Civics and paper 2 consists of Geography. Science consists of 3 papers each for Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. This makes for a total of 8-11 papers, depending on the subjects.
In 2013, A 20-year-old Indian student studying in the US, Debarghya Das, downloaded the ICSE scores for over one hundred thousand students by scraping the website. His analysis of the data showed surprising gaps and other patterns, suggesting that the data had been manipulated to allow students to pass who did not earn a passing mark.
- Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE)
- Indian School Certificate (ISC)
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)
- Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)
- Boards of Education in India
- "Indian student in Cornell University hacks into ICSE, ISC database". Times Of India. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- "He didn't hack, he scraped ICSE results and look what he found". NDTV Gadgets. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-06-08.