Indian Council of Agricultural Research

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Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Official logo of ICAR.png
Logo
Established 16 July 1929
Type Registered society
Budget INR5392 crore (US$900 million) (2012–13)[1]
President Radha mohan Singh
Location New Delhi, Delhi, India
Campus Urban
Nickname ICAR
Website www.icar.org.in

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi, India is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture, government of India. Formerly known as the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was established in 1929 as a registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture. ICAR has its headquarters at New Delhi.

The Council is the apex body for coordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the country. It has 99 ICAR institutes and 53 agricultural universities spread across the country.

The ICAR has played a role in enabling the country to increase the production of foodgrains by four, horticultural crops by six, fish by nine (marine five and inland 17, milk six times and eggs 27 times since 1950..

Union Minister of Agriculture, Radha Mohan Singh is President and Dr. S. Ayyappan is Director General of ICAR.[2]

Mandate[edit]

  • To plan, undertake, aid, promote and co-ordinate education, research and its application in agriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences.
  • To act as clearing house of research and general information relating to agriculture, home science and fisheries through its publications and information system, and instituting and promoting transfer of technology programmes.
  • To provide, undertake and promote consultancy services in the fields of education, research, training and dissemination of information in agriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science and allied sciences.
  • To look into problems relating to broader areas of rural development concerning agriculture, including post-harvest technology, by developing co-operative programmes with other organizations such as the Indian Council of Social Sciences Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, and universities.

The Committee to Advise on Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education (Yashpal Committee, 2009) has recommended setting up of a constitutional body — the National Commission for Higher Education and Research — which would be a unified supreme body to regulate all branches of higher education including agricultural education.[3] Presently, regulation of agricultural education is the mandate of ICAR, Veterinary Council of India (Veterinary sub-discipline) and Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (Forestry sub-discipline). The UPA government has included Yashpal Committee recommendations in its '100 days agenda'.[4]

Organization[edit]

ICAR has the following organizational structure :[2]

  • Union Minister of Agriculture is the ex-officio President of the ICAR Society.
  • Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research & Education Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India & Director-General, ICAR – the Principal Executive Officer of the Council.
  • Governing Body is the policy-making authority
  • Agricultural Scientists' Recruitment Board
  • Deputy Directors-General (8)
  • Additional Secretary (DARE) and Secretary (ICAR)
  • Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor
  • 24 Assistant Directors-General
  • National Director, National Agricultural Innovation Project
  • Directorate of Information and Publications of Agriculture

ICAR has two bodies:

  • The General Body, the supreme authority of the ICAR, is headed by the Minister of Agriculture, Government of India
  • The Governing Body which is the chief executive and decision making authority of the ICAR. It is headed by the Director-General.

Milestones[edit]

  • 1957: Initiation of the first All-India Co-ordinated Research Project on maize.
  • 1958: Status of Deemed University accorded to IARI.
  • 1960: Establishment of the first State Agricultural University on land grant pattern at Pantnagar.
  • 1966: Placement of agricultural research institutes under the purview of ICAR.
  • 1973: Creation of the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) in the Ministry of Agriculture.
  • 1974: Opening of first Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) in Puducherry.
  • 1975: Establishment of Agricultural Research Service and Agricultural Scientists' Recruitment Board.
  • 1979: Launching of Lab-to-Land Programme and the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP).
  • 1995: Initiation of institution-village linkage programme (IVLP).
  • 1996: Establishment of National Gene Bank at New Delhi.
  • 1989: The ICAR was bestowed with the King Baudouin Award for its contribution in ushering in the Green Revolution. Again awarded King Baudouin Award in 2004 for research and development efforts made under partnership in Rice Wheat Consortium.
  • Launching of National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) in 1998 and National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) in 2005
  • As of July, 2006 it has developed a vaccine against bird flu.The vaccine was developed at the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal, the only facility in the country to conduct tests for the H5N1 variant of bird flu.It was entrusted with the task of developing a vaccine by the ICAR after the Avian Influenza outbreak in February. The ICAR provided Rs. 8 crore for the purpose.
  • 2009: In December 2009, it announced that it was considering a policy to provide open access to its research.
  • ICAR scientists were the first in the world to sequence the pigeon pea genome. it was a purely indigenous effort by 31 scientists led by Nagendra Kumar Singh of NRCPB. The first draft of the sequence was published in J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol

ICAR institutions[edit]

As of September 2009 ICAR has following institutions,:[5][6][7][8][9]

  • Four Deemed Universities[5]
  • 45 ICAR Institutions[5]
  • Six National Bureaux[5]
  • 25 Project Directorates[5]
  • 18 National Research Centres[5]
  • 138 Substations of ICAR Institutes
  • 61 AICRPs (All India Coordinated Research Projects)[6]
  • 10 Other Projects[6]
  • 17 Network Projects[6]
  • Eight Zonal Project Directorates[7]
  • 633 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)[8]
    • Zone I – 62 KVKs
    • Zone II – 77 KVKs
    • Zone III – 70 KVKs
    • Zone IV – 79 KVKs
    • Zone V – 55 KVKs
    • Zone VI – 57 KVKs
    • Zone VII – 93 KVKs
    • Zone VIII – 76 KVKs
The Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kannur located in the premises of the Pepper Research Station at Panniyur is a front-line agricultural extension institution. The compact area group approach (CAGA) against coconut mite, Paddy Task Force to combat labour shortage in rice farming, first ever Farmers' Science Congress, pioneering a new branch of agricultural extension called Creative Extension are a few of the contributions made by the Kendra. The subsurface dyke constructed at KVK as part of demonstrating rain water harvesting technologies has become an example of an effective method for ground water conservation.
  • 45 State Agricultural Universities (SAUs)[9]
  • 1 Central Agricultural University and
  • 4 Central Universities having faculty of agriculture

Headquarters[edit]

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi

Deemed Universities[edit]

  1. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  2. Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
  3. National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana
  4. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, Maharashtra

ICAR Institute[edit]

  1. Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair
  2. Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur
  3. Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar
  4. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore
  5. Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture, Chennai
  6. Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hissar
  7. Central Institute for Research on Goats, Makhdoom
  8. Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal
  9. Central Institute of Arid Horticulture, Bikaner
  10. Central Institute of Cotton Research, Nagpur
  11. Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin
  12. Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubneshwar
  13. Central Institute of Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai
  14. Central Institute of Sub Tropical Horticulture, Lucknow
  15. Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Srinagar
  16. Central Institute on Post harvest Engineering and Technology, Ludhiana
  17. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi
  18. Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasargod
  19. Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla
  20. Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore
  21. Central Research Institute of Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad
  22. Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack
  23. Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan
  24. Central Soil and Water Conservation Research & Training Institute, Dehradun
  25. Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal
  26. Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry
  27. Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Trivandrum
  28. ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna
  29. ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Barapani
  30. ICAR Research Complex for Goa, Ela, Old Goa, Goa
  31. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, New Delhi
  32. Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi
  33. Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi
  34. Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru
  35. Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums, Ranchi
  36. Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur
  37. Indian Institute of Soil Sciences, Bhopal
  38. Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut
  39. Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow
  40. Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi
  41. National Academy of Agricultural Research & Management, Hyderabad
  42. National Biotic Stress Management Institute, Raipur
  43. National Institue of Abiotic Stress Management, Malegaon, Maharashtra
  44. National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Bengaluru
  45. National Institute of Research on Jute & Allied Fibre Technology, Kolkata
  46. National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Hebbal, Bengaluru
  47. Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore
  48. Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan, Almora

Bureau[edit]

  1. National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Insects, Bangalore
  2. National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Micro Organisms, Mau Nath Bhanjan, Uttar Pradesh
  3. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana
  4. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  5. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi
  6. National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use Planning, Nagpur, Maharashtra

Project Directorate[edit]

  1. Directorate of Cashew Research, Puttur
  2. Directorate of Cold Water Fisheries Research, Bhimtal, Nainital
  3. Directorate of Floriculture Research, Pusa, New Delhi
  4. Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagarh, Gujarat
  5. Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture (DKMA), New Delhi
  6. Directorate of Maize Research, New Delhi
  7. Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, Anand [2]
  8. Directorate of Mushroom Research, Solan
  9. Directorate of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi, West Godawari
  10. Directorate of Oilseed Research, Hyderabad
  11. Directorate on Onion and Garlic Research, Pune
  12. Directorate of Rapeseed & Mustard Research, Bharatpur
  13. Directorate of Research on Women in Agriculture, Bhubaneshwar
  14. Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad
  15. Directorate of Seed Research, Mau
  16. Directorate of Sorghum Research, Hyderabad
  17. Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore
  18. Directorate of Water Management Research, Bhubaneshwar
  19. Directorate of Weed Science Research, Jabalpur
  20. Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal
  21. Project Directorate for Farming Systems Research, Modipuram
  22. Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance, Hebbal, Bangalore
  23. Project Directorate on Cattle, Meerut
  24. Project Directorate on Foot & Mouth Disease, Mukteshwar
  25. Project Directorate on Poultry, Hyderabad

National Research Centre[edit]

  1. National Centre for Agril. Economics & Policy Research, New Delhi
  2. National Research Centre on Pig, Guwahati
  3. National Research Centre for Agroforestry, Jhansi
  4. National Research Centre for Banana, Trichi [3]
  5. National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner
  6. National Research Centre for Makhana(foxnut), Darbhanga
  7. National Research Centre on Equines, Hisar
  8. National Research Centre on Meat, Hyderabad
  9. National Research Centre for Citrus, Nagpur
  10. National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune
  11. National Research Centre for Litchi, Muzaffarpur
  12. National Research Centre for Pomegranate, Solapur
  13. National Research Centre on Mithun, Medziphema, Nagaland
  14. National Research Centre on Orchids, Pakyong, Sikkim
  15. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi
  16. National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi
  17. National Research Centre Seed Spices, Ajmer
  18. National Research Centre on Yak, West Kemang

Others[edit]

  1. All India Coordinated Project of Micro and Secondary Nutrients and Pollutant Elements in Soils & Plants

ICAR Headquarters[edit]

Indian Council of Agricultural Research's headquarters is in New Delhi.

Examination system[edit]

All India Agriculture Entrance Exam is an entrance exam for students to get into the institution.

Agricultural Research Service[edit]

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) conducts all India competitive examination Agricultural Research Service (ARS), to recruit posts in the ARS of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board[edit]

The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) website) was established on 1 November 1973 as an independent recruitment agency for all the posts of ICAR in pursuance of the recommendations of the Gajendragadkar Committee.

Mandate as per the official ASRB website is follows:-

  • Recruitment to posts in the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) of the ICAR and to such other posts and services that the President, ICAR, may specify from time to time.
  • Rendering such other assistances to the Council in personnel matters, including promotion, as may be required by the President, ICAR.
  • Advising the Council on disciplinary matters relating to personnel recruited through ASRB or appointed by the Council in consultation with the Board.
  • Recruitment to entry level scientific positions of the ARS through an All-India Competitive Examination.
  • Induction of existing scientists of the ICAR to ARS under the initial constitution of ARS.
  • Assessment for merit promotion and grant of advance increments to scientists of the ARS.
  • To conduct National Eligibility Test, which is a prerequisite for the initial recruitment as Assistant Professor/Lecturer in the State Agricultural Universities.
  • Recruitment to posts in the Combined cadres of Administrative Officers/Finance & Accounts Officers of the ICAR which are required to be filled by direct recruitment.

ICAR Merits & Awards[10][edit]

Kidwai Award Controversy[edit]

There have been several complaints that Dr K.C. Bansal falsified the patent information on the basis of which Kidwai Award (2007-2008) was given to him. Dr Bansal was recognized for patenting a technique to transfer foreign gene to brinjal chloroplast. It was found that Dr Bansal did not have such a patent to his credit and that he filed an application for patent only after the award was given. The matter got wide publicity in press, media and scientific journals [11][12][13][14][15]

Several scientists demanded Shri Sharad Pawar, Former Minister for Agriculture to remove Dr Bansal from the post of Director, NBPGR.[16] Questions were raised in Indian Parliament.[17] Mr Tariq Anwer, Minister of State for Agriculture has answered that an enquiry has been initiated to look into the issues. However, reports suggest that ICAR has hushed up the matter and RTI queries for the outcome of the enquiry were not answered.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]