Indian Day (Brazil)

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Indian Day
Official name Brazilian Indian Day
Dia Nacional do Índio
Observed by Native Brazilians
Celebrations festivities centered in Indigenous reservations
Date April 19
Next time 19 April 2016 (2016-04-19)
Frequency annual
Related to Indigenous people of Brazil (known as índios)

Indian Day (also known as Native Day; in Portuguese known as Dia do Índio), was created by the President Getúlio Vargas by a decree law in 1943, and recalls the day (April 19) in 1940, in which several indigenous leaderships of the Americas decided to attend the First Inter-American Indian Congress, held in Mexico.[1]

Map of indigenous reserves in Brazil.

Nowadays most part of the cities does not celebrate the date, however it is very common for schoolchildren across Brazil to dress up like Natives and visit Museums to learn more about the first Brazilians.[2] It is common to see celebrations in states with a relatively large indigenous population, such as Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Pará, Goiás, Rondônia and Amazonas.


The National Indian Festival is held yearly in Bertioga, São Paulo to celebrate the Indian Day. It is considered the largest indigenous cultural event in the world, which takes place in April 19.

The festival is seen as an opportunity to learn about Brazilian indigenous peoples, since traveling to most tribal areas and reservations in Brazil is restricted and must be authorized by FUNAI, the National Indian Foundation. It is also seen as an opportunity for Native Brazilians to perform celebrations, such as indigenous rituals, body art, music, dance, food, crafts and sports.[3]