Indian Forest Service
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The Indian Forest Service (Hindi: भारतीय वन सेवा) (abbreviated as IFS) is the Forestry service of India. It is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India. Its members are recruited by the national government but serve under the state governments or Central Government.
The modern Indian Forest Service was created in 1966 for protection, conservation, and regeneration of forest resources.
India was one of the first in the world to introduce scientific forest management. In 1864, the British Raj established the Imperial Forest Department. In 1866 Dr. Dietrich Brandis, a German forest officer, was appointed Inspector General of Forests. The Imperial Forestry Service was organized subordinate to the Imperial Forest Department in 1867. The British colonial government also constituted provincial forest services and executive and subordinate services similar to the forest administrative hierarchy used today.
Officers appointed from 1867 to 1885 were trained in Germany and France, and from 1885 to 1905 at Cooper's Hill, London, a noted professional colleges of forestry. From 1905 to 1926, the University of Oxford (Sir William Schlich), University of Cambridge, and University of Edinburgh had undertaken the task of training Imperial Forestry Service officers.
The Indian Forest College (IFC) was established in the 1938 at Dehradun, and officers recruited to the Superior Forest Service by the states and provinces were trained there. Forestry, which was managed by the federal government until then, was transferred to the "provincial list" by the Government of India Act 1935, and recruitment to the Imperial Forestry Service was subsequently discontinued.
The modern Indian Forest Service was established in 1966, after independence, under the All India Services Act 1951. The first Inspector General of Forests, Hari Singh, was instrumental in the development of the IFS.
India has an area of 635,400 km2 designated as forests, about 19.32 percent of the country. India's forest policy was created in 1894 and revised in 1952 and again in 1988.
Selected candidates are sent for foundation training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration at Mussourie. This is followed by Forest Service-specific orientation at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy at Dehradun, with training on forest and wildlife management, soil conservation, surveying, Scheduled Tribes, and handling weapons.
After completing training at the academies, candidates go through a year of on-the-job field training in the state to which he or she is assigned. There is a probationary period of three years during which they are posted as Assistant Conservators of Forests. On completion of this, and after a total period of four years of service in the junior scale, officers are appointed to the Senior Time Scale and are entitled to be posted as Deputy Conservators of Forests or Divisional Forest Officers in charge of districts/forest divisions.
Ranks of the Indian Forest Service 
Ranks of the Indian Forest Service are as follows:
- Director General of Forests - highest post at Centre, selected from amongst the senior-most PCCFs of states.
- Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (प्रधान मुख्य वन संरक्षक) - highest post in a State
- Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (अपर प्रधान मुख्य वन संरक्षक)
- Chief Conservator of Forests (CCFs) (मुख्य वन संरक्षक)
- Conservator of Forests (वन संरक्षक)
- Divisional Forest Officer / Deputy Conservator of Forests (वन प्रमंडल पदाधिकारी / उप वन संरक्षक)
- Probationary Officer / Assistant Conservator of Forests (प्रशिक्षु पदाधिकारी / सहायक वन संरक्षक)