Indian Grand Prix

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Indian Grand Prix
Buddh International Circuit
Jaypee International Circuit 2011.svg
Race information
Laps 60
Circuit length 5.14 km (3.19 mi)
Race length 308.4 km (191.6 mi)
Number of times held 3
First held 2011
Last held 2013
Most wins (drivers) Germany Sebastian Vettel (3)
Most wins (constructors) Austria Red Bull (3)
Last race (2013)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap

The Indian Grand Prix (Hindi: भारत के ग्रैंड प्रिक्स, Bhārata kē graiṇḍa priksa, Grand Prix of India) was a Formula One race in the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship, which was held at the Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida near New Delhi. The first event took place on 30 October 2011, as the 17th race of the 2011 Formula One season.[1] The inaugural race was won by Germany's Sebastian Vettel. Jaypee Sports International Limited is the organiser of Formula One race in India and has signed a five-year contract with Formula One Management (FOM) to host the championship in India. The next edition is yet to be finalized. In August 2013, FIA announced that the Indian Grand Prix will be discontinued in 2014 before returning to an early season slot in 2015. Lately, in light of an ongoing tax dispute with the Uttar Pradesh government, that too has been ruled out and the organizers are now hopeful for a 2016 return. [2]

History[edit]

Greater Noida (2011–2013)[edit]

As early as 1997, there were plans to host an Indian Grand Prix at Calcutta.[3] In 2003, India had only two permanent raceways, one in Chennai (Irungattukottai), and Kari Memorial Speedway in Coimbatore.[4] At that time two 600 acres (2.4 km2) sites in the vicinity of the Bangalore airport were examined. Also, in the state Andhra Pradesh, chief minister Chandrababu Naidu reserved 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) of land near the airport at Hyderabad. Vicky Chandhok, father of Karun Chandhok, stated in an interview that "Andhra Pradesh is really pushing it like no other state! It is great to see a chief minister pushing so hard. Bangalore is a great location mainly because of the weather".[3] In December 2003, a seven-year pre-agreement to host the GP in Hyderabad in 2007 was signed. The track was to be built near Gopanapally village, near the outskirts of Hyderabad, and consisted of 1,367 acres (5.53 km2) of land.[5]

However, in 2004 there came competition from Mumbai, to shift the track from Hyderabad to Mumbai instead.[6] Formula One commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone expected India to host a Grand Prix within three years, aiming for locating at either Hyderabad or Mumbai.[7] In the end these projects were never realised, possibly due to anti-tobacco legislation,[5] and a change in government policy.[8][9] Both projects then were declared "dead" in the second half of 2004, when Mumbai's government decided "not to waste money on car fumes while there are more serious issues",[10] and the Hyderabad location was converted to an IT park for technology companies.[11] However, sites at Mumbai were still being investigated (Gorai and Navi Mumbai). In 2005, Narain Karthikeyan was due to demonstrate a Jordan Grand Prix car in Mumbai, but the road proved to be too bumpy.[12]

In 2007, five locations remained in the running for hosting the Indian Grand Prix: Bangalore; the Gurgaon district in the state of Haryana; a permanent track somewhere near New Delhi; a street circuit in New Delhi, as proposed by Vijay Mallya;[13][14] and a site in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.[15]

Following months of negotiations, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) and Ecclestone announced in June 2007 a provisional agreement for India to host its first Grand Prix as a part of the 2009 Formula One season.[16][17] The track would be built in Gurgaon, in consultation with architect Hermann Tilke.[3][18][19]

Felipe Massa at Indian Grand Prix 2013

However, in September 2007 it was announced that the debut race would take place in 2010 on the Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida.[20][21] After further assessments of the timeframe involved, Ecclestone announced in September 2008 that the Indian Grand Prix has been delayed to 2011.[22]

In October 2008, the Renault F1 team showcased their car on a tour across all sites that were previously linked to a Formula One circuit in India, except Mumbai: Gurgaon, Lucknow, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kolkata.[23] In November 2008 they also performed a street demonstration on Rajpath at the India Gate end, New Delhi; the car was driven by Nelson Piquet, Jr..[24][25] In August 2009, the McLaren team showcased their car in Lucknow.[26] On 11 October 2009, the Red Bull Racing team gave a demonstration in Mumbai. David Coulthard drove the Red Bull car across Mumbai's Bandra–Worli Sea Link.[27]

Absence (2014-)[edit]

The Indian Grand Prix is set to have a one year hiatus and will return on the 2015 Formula One season calendar, this being confirmed by the FIA. Bernie Ecclestone later cast doubt on this, suggesting that the race would be further delayed until 2016,[28]and this doubt was later confirmed by Ecclestone in August of 2014 in Belgium.[29]

Circuit[edit]

"The Circuit Official Logo"

The race is currently held at the Buddh International Circuit in Greater Noida, near New Delhi. The 5.14 km circuit has been designed by German architect Hermann Tilke. In constructing the circuit four million cubic tons of earth was moved to achieve the rise and fall through the lap. The track is spread across an area of 875 acres,[citation needed] and is a part of Jaypee Green Sports city.

Winners[edit]

All Indian Grands Prix were held at Buddh International Circuit.

Year Driver Constructor Report
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report
2012 Germany Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Report

Sponsors[edit]

Economic benefits[edit]

The Indian Grand Prix has the potential to generate around $170 million in revenue and employ as many as 10,000 people.[32][33] The opportunity in advertising tie-ups between manufacturers and Formula One are also a consideration.[34] The race coincides with the important Diwali holiday, when consumer spending is typically at its highest and many people are travelling, which further improves economic prospects.

It is one of the few F1 races that is not subsidised by government and has to pay $40m/year to Formula One Holdings to host the event.[35]

Tax issues[edit]

The circuit, despite the placards saying "New Delhi"[36] is not located in the state of Delhi, but in the neighbouring state of Uttar Pradesh.[35] The government of UP now says that F1 is not a sport, but entertainment and wants to levy taxes on the event.[35]

References[edit]

[37] [38]

  1. ^ "Formula 1™ – The Official F1™ Website". Formula1.com. 8 September 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ecclestone rules out 2015 Indian GP". The Hindu. 22 Aug 2014. Retrieved 22 Aug 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "F1 in India not before 2007–2008". Rediff. 28 July 2003. Retrieved 29 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Kari Memorial Speedway at". Etracksonline.co.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "India Times, Dec 23, 2003". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 23 December 2003. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "India Times, Jan 26, 2004". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 26 January 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "BBC, 11 February 2005". BBC News. 11 February 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "gpupdate.net, 17 May 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "gpupdate.net, 07 June 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "gpupdate.net, 22 July 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "gpupdate.net, 27 September 2004". F1.gpupdate.net. 27 September 2004. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "gpupdate.net, 20 October 2005". F1.gpupdate.net. 20 October 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  13. ^ "New Delhi GP on". Dancewithshadows.com. 15 May 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "New Delhi GP on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  15. ^ Agencies (8 October 2007). "Express India, Oct 08, 2007". Expressindia.com. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  16. ^ "Indian Grand Prix 2009". 14 June 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007. 
  17. ^ "India agree deal on Grand Prix". BBC News. 17 June 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2007. 
  18. ^ "Haryana GP on". Dnaindia.com. 11 September 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Haryana on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 15 November 2006. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "2010 GP on gpupdate.net". F1.gpupdate.net. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  21. ^ "India to host its first Formula One race in 2010". The Bangkok Post. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2007. 
  22. ^ "Indian Grand Prix debut pushed back to 2011". London: The Daily Telegraph. 30 September 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2008. 
  23. ^ "Renault F1 tour at". Reachouthyderabad.com. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "F1 Rajpath at". Youtube.com. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  25. ^ adityatakiar. "F1 India gate at". Youtube.com. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  26. ^ vodafone India website, August 2009[dead link]
  27. ^ "F1 mumbai lap at". Youtube.com. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  28. ^ "Indian Grand Prix must wait until at least 2016, says Bernie Ecclestone". The Guardian. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  29. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/sports-news/othersports/ecclestone-dashes-hopes-of-indian-grand-prix-s-return-in-2015/article1-1254688.aspx
  30. ^ "For how long F1 will bask in cricket's misery – Business Today – Business News". Businesstoday.intoday.in. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "2011 Formula 1 Airtel Grand Prix of India to flag off F1 dreams". Formula1.com. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  32. ^ "F1 turns to India as a force for the future". CNN. 6 January 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "India on course for 2011 F1 Grand Prix". The Financial Express. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  34. ^ Jainani, Deepa (16 January 2009). "India on course for 2011 F1 Grand Prix". The Financial Express. The Indian Express Limited. Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  35. ^ a b c "Why India's Formula 1 Grand Prix is under threat". BBC News. 24 October 2013. 
  36. ^ [1]
  37. ^ Formula1Onlive "[http://www.formula1onlive.com/2012/08/huge-reaction-for-2012-indian-f1-grand.html Huge reaction for 2012 Indian F1 Grand Prix]", India. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
  38. ^ "2012 Indian Grand Prix Preparations in Pictures", India,. Retrieved on 24 October 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Maps 28°21′01.8″N 77°32′05.3″E / 28.350500°N 77.534806°E / 28.350500; 77.534806