Indian Institute of Technology Madras
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (October 2009)|
|Indian Institute of Technology Madras|
IIT Madras logo
|Motto in English||Effort Yields Success|
|Director||Prof Bhaskar Ramamurthi|
|Location||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Campus||Urban, 618 acres (2.5 km2) of wooded land|
|Mascot||Gajendra Circle (GC)|
The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) is an autonomous public engineering institution located in Chennai (formerly Madras), Tamil Nadu. It is recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India. Founded in 1959 with technical and financial assistance from the government of the former West Germany, it was the third Indian Institutes of Technology that was established by the Government of India through an Act of Parliament, to provide education and research facilities in engineering and technology.
IIT Madras is a residential institute that occupies a 2.5 km² (620 acres) campus that was formerly part of the adjoining Guindy National Park. The institute has nearly 550 faculty, 8,000 students and 1,250 administrative and supporting staff. Growing ever since it obtained its charter from the Indian Parliament in 1961, Much of the campus is a protected forest, carved out of the Guindy National Park, home to chital (spotted deer), black buck, and other wildlife. A natural lake, deepened in 1988 and 2003, drains most of its rainwater.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization and Administration
- 3 Departments
- 4 Academics
- 5 Other academic activities
- 6 Student activities
- 7 Facilities
- 8 Notable alumni
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In 1956, the German Government offered technical assistance for establishing an institute of higher education in engineering in India. The first Indo-German agreement was signed in Bonn, West Germany in 1959 for the establishment of the Indian Institute of Technology at Madras. IIT Madras was started with technical, academic and financial assistance from the Government of West Germany and was at the time the largest educational project sponsored by the West German Government outside their country. This has led to several collaborative research efforts with universities and institutions in Germany over the years. Although official support from the German government has ended, several research efforts involving the DAAD program and Humboldt Fellowships exist.
The institute was inaugurated in 1959 by Prof. Humayun Kabir, the then Union Minister for Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs. In 1961, the IITs were declared to be Institutions of National Importance that include the seven Institutes of Technology located at Kharagpur (established 1951), Mumbai (established 1958), Chennai (established 1959), Kanpur (established 1959), Delhi (established 1961), Guwahati (established 1994) and Roorkee (established 1847, renamed to an IIT in 2001). IIT Madras celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 2009.
The main entrance of IIT Madras is on Chennai's Sardar Patel Road, flanked by the residential districts of Adyar and Velachery. The campus is close to the Raj Bhavan, the official seat of the Governor of Tamil Nadu. Other entrances are located in Velachery (near Anna Garden MTC bus stop, Velachery Main Road), Gandhi Road (known as Krishna Hostel gate or Toll Gate) and Taramani gate (close to Ascendas Tech Park).
Two parallel roads, Bonn Avenue and Delhi Avenue, cut through the faculty residential area shrouded under a canopy of green, before they meet at the Gajendra Circle, near the Administrative Block. Buses and electric mini buses ply between the gate, Gajendra Circle, the academic zone, and the hostels.
Location in context
||Guindy National Park||Adyar||Adyar|
|Guindy National Park||Thiruvanmiyur|
Organization and Administration
The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, is an autonomous statutory organization functioning within the Institute of Technology Act. The sixteen IITs are administered centrally by the IIT Council, an apex body established by the Government of India. The Minister of Human Resource and Development, Government of India, is the Chairman of the Council. Each institute has a Board of Governors responsible for its administration and control.
The Senate comprises all professors of the Institute and decides its academic policy. It controls and approves the curriculum, courses, examinations, and results. It appoints committees to examine specific academic matters. The Director of the institute serves as the Chairman of the Senate. The Director from 2001 to 2011 was Mr. M. S. Ananth, who stepped down at the end of July 2011. As of September 2011, Mr. Bhaskar Ramamurthi has taken over as Director.
Three Senate Sub-Committees - The Board of Academic Research, The Board of Academic Courses and The Board of Students - help in academic administration and in the operations of the Institute. The Finance Committee advises on matters of financial policy, while the Building and Works Committee advises on buildings and infrastructure. The Board of Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research addresses industrial consultancy and the Library Advisory Committee oversees library matters.
- Aerospace Engineering
- Applied Mechanics
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Engineering Design
- Humanities and Social Sciences
- Mechanical Engineering
- Management Studies
- Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
- Ocean Engineering
IIT Madras offers undergraduate, postgraduate and research degrees across 15 disciplines in Engineering, Sciences, Humanities and Management. About 360 faculty belonging to science and engineering departments and centres of the Institute are engaged in teaching, research and industrial consultancy.
The institute has 16 academic departments and advanced research centres across disciplines of engineering and pure sciences, with nearly 100 laboratories. The academic calendar is organized around the semester. Each semester provides a minimum of seventy days of instruction in English. Students are evaluated on a continuous basis throughout the semester. Evaluation is done by the faculty, a consequence of the autonomous status granted to the Institute. Research work is evaluated on the basis of the review thesis by peer examiners both from within the country and abroad. Ordinances that govern the academic program of study are prepared by the Senate, the highest academic body within the institute.
For the undergraduate curriculum, admission to the B.Tech and Dual Degree (B.Tech + M.Tech) programme is done through the Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE). Admission to the five-year integrated Master of Arts (MA) programme is through the Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE), an IIT Madras specific exam.
For the postgraduate curriculum, admission to the M.Tech and Master of Science in Engineering programmes are through the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). The Joint Admission Test to M.Sc. (JAM) is the entrance exam for the two-year M.Sc. programme, and other post B.Sc. programmes. MBA candidates are accepted through the Common Admission Test (CAT).
|University and college rankings|
|General – International|
|Engineering – India|
Internationally, IIT Madras was ranked #312 in the QS World University Rankings of 2012 and 45 in the QS Asian University Rankings of 2012. In India, among engineering colleges, it ranked 4 by India Today in 2012, 5 by Outlook India in 2012, and 2 by Dataquest in 2011. In the Mint Government Colleges survey of 2009 it ranked 5.
Grading System and Student Evaluation
The Indian Institutes of Technology are under control of the Government of India and therefor have strict rules for grades. Depending on the course the evaluation is based on participation in class, attendance, quiz, exam and/or paper. Continuous evaluation is done by course instructors. The Evaluation System of IIT Madras which is also used in other IITs is the Cumulative Grade Point Average with a scale from 0 to 10 which is converted to letters:
|Letter Grade||Grade Points||in Words|
|S||10||Excellent (top students/high performer)|
|W||0||Shortage of attendance|
CGPA then gets calculated as the cumulative credit-weighted average of the grade points: CGPA = (Σ Ci • GPi) / (Σ Ci) where: N is the number of courses Ci is credits for the ith course GPi is grade points for the ith course CGPA is the cumulative grade point average
The CGPA is not the same as the American one. In India some credits might be awarded during Bachelor studies for Co-curricular and Extra-curricular Activities, while during the Master Programme this is not allowed. Through agreements with numerous international organisations, IIT grades are accepted from many international organisations like NTU, NUS and DAAD.
Additional the attendance of the students is evaluated with VG for very good (always present), G for good (not present every lecture) and P for poor (student was present less than 85% of lectures).
Other academic activities
Academic research programs
The institute has departments and advanced research centres across the disciplines of engineering and the pure sciences, and nearly 100 laboratories.
Research programs concern work undertaken by faculty members or specific research groups within departments that award an MS or PhD degree. Research is carried out by scholars admitted into these departmental programmes, under the guidance of their faculty. Each department makes known its areas of interest to the academic community through handbooks, brochures and bulletins. Topics of interest may be theoretical or experimental. IIT Madras has initiated 16 inter-disciplinary research projects against identified focus areas.
The rigors of academic study at each level are balanced with co-curricular activities. Lectures on topics of academic relevance are held under the Extramural Lecture Series. Conferences, symposiums and workshops are organized by the faculty, attracting scholarly participation from around the world. In the past, several well known dignitaries from across the world and from various spheres of life have delivered their lectures in the Extramural Lecture Series program.
Partnership with other universities
The institute maintains academic friendship with educational institutes around the world through faculty exchange programs. The institute has signed Memoranda Of Understanding (MOUs) with foreign universities, resulting in cooperative projects and assignments.
Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research
Through industrial consultancy, faculty and staff undertake assignments for industry that may include project design, testing and evaluation, or training in new areas of industrial development. Industries and organisations request the IIT faculty to undertake assignments channeled through the Center For Industrial Consultancy and Sponsored Research (ICSR).
National organisations sponsor programs of research by funding projects undertaken by the faculty. Such research is time bound and allows project participants to register for a degree. Project proposals are usually prepared by the IIT faculty and forwarded to interested organisations, based on the nature of their research and their interest to fund such projects.
Sponsored projects are often vehicles for new resources within departments, and often permit their project staff to register for academic degrees in the institute. All sponsored research activities at the institute are coordinated by ICSR.
IITM Research Park
The IIT Madras Research Park  is modeled along the lines of research parks at Stanford and MIT. It focuses not just on incubation efforts but also on propelling innovation in established R&D focused companies. IIT Madras Research Park facilitates a collaborative relationship between tenants/clients and IIT Madras.
The research park is adjacent to IIT Madras (within cycling distance) on an 11 acre campus. The facilities include 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2) of office space with attendant services in three towers of 400,000 sq ft (37,000 m2) each. Each floor plate of the 12 storey towers is about 36,000 sq ft (3,300 m2) with the smallest office space module being around 3,000 sq ft (280 m2). Other facilities include incubation modules, shops, cyber cafes, restaurants, food courts, guest rooms, conference facilities, exhibition space, terrace gardens and landscaped front and back yards.
National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning
To improve the quality of higher education in India, IIT Madras has come up with an initiative called NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning) in the year 1999. As per this initiative, all the IITs, along with the IISc Bangalore would come up with a series of lectures across all the streams of engineering. These videos are being used by several institutes as part of their programs. This initiative has gained wide popularity in India and the lectures are being used by several engineering students from across India.
Shaastra is the annual technical festival of IIT Madras. It is typically held in the first week of October and is the first ISO 9001:2000 certified student festival in the world. It is known for its organization and activities. Forums include the symposia, workshops, video conferences, lectures, demonstrations, and technical exhibitions. Competitive activities cover design events, programming, simulations, quizzes, applied engineering, robotics, junkyard wars and contraptions.
Saarang is the annual social and cultural festival of IIT Madras. It is a five-day long event held towards the end of January every year and attracts a crowd of 40,000 students and young people from across the country, making it one of the largest such fests in India. Saarang events include speaking, dancing, thespian, quizzing and word games, professional shows (nicknamed proshows) and workshops on music, fashion, art, and dance. Saarang has been awarded ISO 9001:2008 certificate recently.
Saarang, is the new name of the festival that was once called "Mardi Gras". It was changed in the early 1990s in effort to reflect the cultural and environmental roots of this festival.
Several departments organize department festivals. Samanvay, Biofest, ExeBit, Wavez, Mechanica, CEA Fest, Chemclave, Amalgam and Forays are some of the festivals organized by the Department of Management Studies, Computer Science and Engineering, Ocean Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Maths departments respectively.Department of Humanities and Social Sciences hosts Annual Academic Conference.
|Samanvay||Department of Management Studies|
|Exebit||Computer Science and Engineering|
|Amalgam||Metallurgical and Materials Engineering|
|CEA Fest||Civil Engineering (www.ceaiitm.org)|
|Mechanica||Mechanical Engineering And Engineering Design|
|Annual Academic Conference||Humanities and Social Sciences|
Most students at IIT Madras reside in the hostels, where extracurricular activities complement the academic routine. The campus has 18 hostels, of which three, Sharavati, Sarayu and the recently constructed Sarayu Extension (at the beginning of the Academic year 2011-'12 to accommodate more girls students of various PG programmes) are exclusively for women. In earlier times each hostel had attached dining facilities but many of them have been closed down. Sharavati, Sarayu Extension and four seven-storeyed men's hostels do not have mess halls. Dining facilities are provided in two centralized halls dubbed 'Vindhya' and 'Himalaya'. The hostels may accommodate undergraduate and graduate students, though they tend to keep the two apart. Students are assigned to hostels at the time of admission, where they usually spend their entire stay at the Institute.
The hostels are named after the principal rivers of India and the campus dining facilities are named after mountains, resulting in an epigram about IIT Madras that it is the only place where the mountains move and the rivers remain still.
The halls of IITM are:
- Alakananda (Alak)
- Brahmaputra (Brahms)
- Godavari (Godav)
- Jamuna (Jam)
- Mandakini (Mandak)
- Narmada (Narmad)
- Saraswathi (Saras)
- Sarayu Extension
- Sharavati (Sharav)
- Tamiraparani (Tambi)
Sindhu, Pampa, Mahanadhi and Tamiraparani are seven-storeyed whereas all the other (older classic) hostels are three or four storeyed. These four hostels can accommodate more than 1,200 students. The older hostels were all three-storeyed till the early 2000s when extra rooms in the form of an extra floor and rooms above the common room were added. An additional new floor in the three-storeyed hostels which generally house the undergraduate students and a new block in place of the mess halls of these hostels have been constructed to accommodate for the increased intake of the students. These new blocks could be used as entrances for these hostels.
The Sustainability Network(S-Net) is an alumni-student-faculty initiative launched in May 2009 to sensitize and highlight the need to preserve the unique niche of one of the best educational campus in India. S-Net was envisioned to work towards development and deployment of solutions for making a self-sustaining campus (focusing on energy/electricity, water, and waste management), which could eventually be replicated across the country through tie-ups with other educational institutions. 
The Fifth Estate  is the official media body of IIT Madras and gives an insight into the happenings inside the campus and important news related to the institute. The Open Air Theatre hosts the weekly movie, a Saturday night tradition, besides other activities. It seats over 7,000.
The National Service Scheme  (NSS) in IIT Madras has been noted for taking up socially relevant initiatives, taken up as individual projects to create an impact on the society as well as the students. The wing of NSS at IITM has over 400 students every year, contributing to the cause of the scheme. Since its inception, NSS at IITM has achieved many milestones in its history as a unique, student-run organization. Linked with several NGOs and social organizations both within and outside Chennai. By working out projects from Braille magazines to technology interventions, from teaching children in urban slums to educational video content, NSS (IITM) seeks to challenge the mediocre thinking, and reach out into the darkness, to pull a hand into the light.
Hobby clubs include the speaking club, the astro club, dramatics, music and robotics.
Two student bodies, the Vivekananda Study Circle (VSC) and Reflections focus on spiritual discussions.
The campus has evolved a slang, attracting a published Master's thesis at a German University. A mix of English, Hindi, Telugu (Gult), Malayalam (Mallu) and Tamil (Tam), aspects of the campus slang have been adopted by some other Chennai colleges.
Unlike its sister institutions, IIT Madras has no single Indian language used among its students: Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, English and Hindi are all used. Consequently, all student participatory activities like debating, dramatics, short-film making, and others are held in English. This is even reflected in the slang that uses more of English than Hindi, unlike in IITM's northern counterparts.
IIT Madras provides residential accommodation for its students, faculty, administrative and supporting staff, and their families. The residential houses employ private caterers. The self-contained campus includes two schools (Vanavani and Kendriya Vidyalaya), three temples (Jalakanteshwara, Durga Peliamman and Ganapathi temple), three bank branches (SBI, ICICI, Canara Bank), a hospital, shopping centers, food shops, a gym, a swimming pool, cricket, football, hockey and badminton stadiums. Internet is available in the academic zone and the faculty and staff residential zone. Internet is available in the hostel zone from 2:00 pm till midnight and from 5:00 am to 8:00 am.
IIT Madras has the fastest super computing facility among educational institutions in India. The IBM Virgo Super Cluster installed with 97 teraflops was also ranked 364 among the top 500 in world in the Top500 November 2012 list. Apart from this, the institution already has a super computer with 20 teraflops.
- Anand Rajaraman, Founder of Junglee; Currently Heading Kosmix.com with Venky Harinarayan
- Anant Agarwal, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the MIT
- Arvind Raghunathan, Managing Director, Deutsche Bank
- Arun Sundararajan, Professor at Stern School of Business, New York University
- B. N. Suresh, Director of IISST
- B Muthuraman, Managing Director of Tata Steel
- Gururaj Deshpande,Founder of Sycamore Networks
- Jai Menon, IBM Fellow, CTO and VP, Technical Strategy - IBM Systems and Technology Group
- Kris Gopalakrishnan, Co-chairman and co-founder of Infosys
- Krishna Bharat, Creator of Google News, Principal Scientist, Google
- L. Mahadevan, Professor at Harvard, MacArthur Fellow 2009
- Marti G. Subrahmanyam, Professor of Finance, Stern School of Business at New York University
- Prabhakar Raghavan, Vice President of Engineering, Google and Consulting Professor at Stanford University
- Prem Watsa, Billionaire; Founder, chairman, and chief executive of Fairfax Financial Holdings, which owns BlackBerry
- Ramanathan V. Guha, Inventor of RSS feed technology
- Raghu Ramakrishnan, Vice-President & Research Fellow, Yahoo! Research
- Raju Narayana Swamy, IAS Officer
- Rajkamal Arava, IAS Officer, Under-Secretary to Government of India
- Shashi Nambisan, Director of the Center for Transportation Research and Education at Iowa State University
- Venkat Rangan, Co-founder and CTO at Clearwell Systems
- Venkatesan Guruswami, Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University
- Venky Harinarayan, Kosmix cofounder
- Ramayya Krishnan, Dean of the Heinz College at Carnegie Mellon University
- Subra Suresh, President of Carnegie Mellon University, former Director of the National Science Foundation, former Dean of the MIT College of Engineering
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- When an Internet Company Goes Public, Will Its Stock Price Dictate Strategy?
- L. Mahadevan at Harvard
- L. Mahadevan, McArthur Fellow
- Venkat Rangan at Clearwell Systems
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