Indian Medical Service
The Indian Medical Service (IMS) was one of the military medical services, which also had some civilian functions, in British India. It served during the two world wars, and was in existence until the independence of India in 1947. Many of its officers, who were both British and Indian, served in civilian hospitals.
The Raj set up the Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine between 1910 and its opening in 1921 as a postgraduate center for tropical medicine on the periphery of the Empire. 
The IMS had Sir Ronald Ross, a Nobel Prize winner, among its notable ranks. Another notable figure was Sir Benjamin Franklin, later honorary physician to three British monarchs. Also a member of the IMS was Henry Vandyke Carter, most notable for his illustrations in the anatomy textbook Gray's Anatomy.
For the history of the Indian Medical Service, see Donald McDonald, Surgeons Twoe and a Barber (London: Heinemann, 1950) online review.
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