Indian People's Front
The Indian People's Front was a political organisation in India, active between 1982 and 1994. It functioned as an open, mass front of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation, and contested national and state elections.
Its leadership included Nagbhushan Patnaik as president  and Dipankar Bhattacharya as general secretary. Dr. Jayanta Rongpi, leader of the Autonomous State Demand Committee of the Karbi Anglong District and Lok Sabha member, was a member of the IPF Central Committee.
IPF was launched in 1982 as an open, non-party, mass organisation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation. A founding conference was held in Delhi April 24–26, 1982, organized by the CPI(ML)Liberation, in which the Nagbhushan Patnaik and Chandra Pulla Reddy factions participated. Vinod Mishra, the CPI(ML)Liberation general secretary, was largely the architect behind the idea of building the IPF, through which the then underground CPI(ML)Liberation could develop links to other democratic forces on the basis of a popular, democratic and patriotic programme.
The IPF sought to present itself as a "national alternative". Initially IPF had been projected as a united front of different revolutionary groups, but most other factions dropped out in the formation process and IPF effectively became a mass organisation of CPI(ML)Liberation. The Satyanarayan Singh faction publicly denounced and ridiculed the notion of IPF becoming a "national alternative".
1985 elections in Bihar
In April 1986 more than one dozen Scheduled Caste labourers were killed by police in Arwal, Jehanabad District in Bihar. In August IPF organised a militant gherao protest at the Bihar legislative assembly in Patna in protest of the massacre. The protest marked a new phase in the development of the movement.
Women's and Workers' Conventions
In 1986 IPF organised a National Convention of Women in Calcutta. Around 1000 people participated in the open rally at the convention. The convention was historic in that it marked a meeting point of feminists and Marxists, and in a speech to the convention the president of the IPF Women's Cell declared that Marxism and feminism were not antagonistic but complementary ideologies.
1989 & 1990 elections and Mandal struggle
IPF won a Lok Sabha seat from western Bihar, the Arrah constituency, in the 1989 parliamentary election. Rameshwar Prasad was the IPF parliamentarian from Arrah. In 1990 the organisation was able to win seven seats in the Bihar legislative assembly. IPF finished second in 14 constituencies. IPF had been able to win over a large share of the Scheduled Caste voters from the Indian National Congress in Bihar. IPF voiced support for implementation of the recommendation of the Mandal Commission, and also supported V.P. Singh's position to amend a 10% quota for economically weak sectors from upper castes. The IPF wanted reservations to be based on socio-economical factos.
Dam Bandho, Kaam Do
IPF also launched campaigns against price hikes and for the right to work, adopting a traditional leftist discourse. An All-India rally in Delhi with the slogan Dam Bandho, Kaam Do ('Check Prices, Give Jobs') was held on October 8, 1990. In the same month, the IPF organised a massive display of strength as it held a mass rally in Patna, one of the largest rallies ever seen in the capital city.
The IPF lost its Lok Sabha seat in the 1991 parliamentary election, losing about a fifth of its votes compared to 1989 (having contested 15 Lok Sabha seats). The IPF suffered a severe blow when four of its Bihar legislative assembly members defected to Laloo Prasad Yadav, at the height of polarisation around the Mandal issue.
On February 14, 1992, 14 Scheduled Caste landless labourers and followers of IPF were killed by the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh in Tikshora village near Patna.
Samajik Partivarthan Rally
On March 18, 1994 IPF organised the 'Samajik Parivarthan Rally' (Social Change Rally) in Patna. Tens of thousands of bare-footed, starving workers marched to Patna; some had traveled over 100 kilometers on foot to reach the venue. At the time political observers talked about the IPF as the fastest growing leftist movement in India.
The Bihar Jhuggi-Jhopri Bashi Sangha (BJJBS), an organization of slum dwellers in Patna, was a major affiliate of IPF in Bihar. The popular anti-liquor movement in Uttarakhand was also a constituent of IPF from the founding conference.
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