Indian Railway organisational structure
The Indian Railways is organised broadly by functional groups of Indian Railway Service. This is traditionally how the co-operation is organised. The Indian Railways perhaps has been less adventurous in changing the structure; it has largely kept up what it got as a legacy since the British era.
The apex management organisation is the Railway Board, also called the Ministry of Railways. The board is headed by a Chairman who reports to the Minister of Railways. The board has five other members in addition to the chairman.
The General Managers of the zonal railways and the production units report to the board.
The various Group A cadres are as below:
Non Technical Services recruitment through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC
- IRTS - Indian Railway Traffic Service
- IRPS - Indian Railway Personnel Service
- IRAS - Indian Railway Accounts Service
- RPF - Railway Protection Force
Technical Services recruitment through Indian Engineering Examination conducted by UPSC
- IRSE - Indian Railway Service of (Civil) Engineers
- IRSEE - Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
- IRSME - Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
- IRSS - Indian Railway Stores Service
- IRSSE - Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers
Medical Services recruitment through Combined medical Examination conducted by UPSC
- IRMS - Indian Railway Medical Service
India's vast rail system, the third largest in the world, is managed by regional levels. Indian Railways has divided itself into seventeen zonal railways. Each zone, headed by a General Manager, is semi-autonomous and this creates a matrix organisation where the functional branches are under dual control viz.
- Operational Control at Zonal level
- Functional Policy & Guidance from the Railway Board
The current zones of the Indian Railways are
|East Central Railway||ECR||Hajipur|
|East Coast Railway||ECoR||Bhubaneswar|
|North Central Railway||NCR||Allahabad|
|North Western Railway||NWR||Jaipur|
|North Eastern Railway||NER||Gorakhpur|
|Northeast Frontier Railway||NFR||Maligaon(Guwahati)|
|South Central Railway||SCR||Secunderabad|
|South Eastern Railway||SER||Kolkata|
|South East Central Railway||SECR||Bilaspur, CG|
|South Western Railway||SWR||Hubli|
|West Central Railway||WCR||Jabalpur|
Each zone also manages the workshops that are part of it. This does not include the Production Units, which are managed by General Managers reporting directly to the Railway Board.
The Divisional Railway Manager (DRM) heads the organisation at the division level. There are currently 67 divisions on the system nationwide. The divisions are primarily involved with train running but may have loco sheds (repair shops for locomotives), coaching depots (repair home bases for passenger trains) and wagon depots (repair and maintenance points for freight stock).
Each division has all the functional (both line and staff) organisations. The heads of these functional groups report to the DRM for administrative purposes but rely on guidance from the railway board and the zonal headquarters for policy guidelines.
- Divisions of Indian Railways
- Detailed example of organisation - IR Service of Mechanical Engineers
- Production Units of the Indian Railways
- Indian Railways Frequently Asked Questions
- Official websites
- Central Railway
- Eastern Railway
- East Central Railway
- East Coast Railway
- Northern Railway
- North Central Railway
- North Western Railway
- North Eastern Railway
- Northeast Frontier Railway
- Southern Railway
- South Central Railway
- South Eastern Railway
- South East Central Railway
- South Western Railway
- Western Railway
- West Central Railway