Indian River (Alaska)

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Indian River (Tlingit: Kaasda Héen)
Sitka. Indian River bridge, from Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views.png
An 1890 photograph of a bridge over Indian River
Country United States
State Alaska
Region Southeast Alaska
City Sitka
Coordinates 57°02′48″N 135°18′43″W / 57.04655°N 135.31208°W / 57.04655; -135.31208Coordinates: 57°02′48″N 135°18′43″W / 57.04655°N 135.31208°W / 57.04655; -135.31208 [1]
 - location Sitka, Alaska
Length 13 km (8 mi)

Indian River (Tlingit: Kaasda Héen[2]) is a roughly eight-mile long watershed that flows through the community of Sitka on Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of Southeast Alaska.

Indian River was named in 1826 by Russians colonizing the Sitka area as Reka Koloshenka. This was translated in 1883 to the English title used today.

Indian River is a large salmon-spawning stream.[3] The river terminates in the heart of Sitka National Historical Park and passes the Alaska Raptor Center. The river extends about five miles into Baranof Island before splitting into two branches. A trail follows the southern branch to a viewpoint of a 21 meter waterfall.[4] The river carries a large volume of water relative to its watershed due the extremely high rainfall of the Baranof Island area.[citation needed]

Indian River played a vital role in the Battle of Sitka with the impenetrable Tlingit fort sitting just adjacent to the mouth of the river.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Indian River". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 2012-07-02. 
  2. ^ Dauenhauer, Nora Marks; Dauenhauer, Richard; Black, Lydia T. (2008). Anóoshi Lingít Aaní Ká, Russians in Tlingit America: The Battles of Sitka, 1802 and 1804. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. XXXVII. ISBN 978-0-295-98601-2. 
  3. ^ "Indian River Trail". Sitka Area - Trails Accessible from the Sitka Road System. US Forest Service. April 4, 2001. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  4. ^ Goff, Matt (27 December 2004). "Indian River Trail: Indian River Falls". Sitka Road System Trails. Matt Goff. Retrieved 10 May 2010.