Indian Wells, California

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City of Indian Wells
City
City limit as seen from Palm Desert, California
City limit as seen from Palm Desert, California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 116°20′28″W / 33.71583°N 116.34111°W / 33.71583; -116.34111Coordinates: 33°42′57″N 116°20′28″W / 33.71583°N 116.34111°W / 33.71583; -116.34111
Country United States
State California
County Riverside
Government
 • Mayor Mary T. Roche[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 14.591 sq mi (37.790 km2)
 • Land 14.321 sq mi (37.091 km2)
 • Water 0.270 sq mi (0.699 km2)  1.85%
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,958
 • Density 340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92210
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-36434
GNIS feature ID 1660797
Website City of Indian Wells

Indian Wells is a city in Riverside County, California, in the Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area), in between Palm Desert and La Quinta. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,958.

The city hosts the Indian Wells Masters—now known by its current sponsorship name of BNP Paribas Open—one of the nine tournaments in the ATP World Tour Masters 1000 of high-level events operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals and one of the four WTA Premier Tournaments tournament of the Women's Tennis Association. The event is held in the 16,100-seat stadium of the Indian Wells Tennis Garden.

History[edit]

As early as 1853, the area now known as Indian Wells was the site of a thriving Indian village, as reported by W.P. Blade, a Smithsonian Institution geologist. A decade later, when gold was discovered on the Colorado River, William D. Bradshaw built a trail from Los Angeles through the desert to the gold mines. The Alexander and Company Stage Line used the trail to transport prospectors and Indian Wells became an important stop along the trail. The route was abandoned in 1875 because of competition from the Southern Pacific Railroad, but in 1876 was reactivated by the Wells Fargo Company.[3]

Over the next decades, settlers gradually arrived in the area and date ranches became profitable. In the 1950s, the first golf courses were opened at the Eldorado Country Club and the Indian Wells Country Club. In 1957, Desi Arnaz opened his Indian Wells Hotel (forerunner to the Indian Wells Resort Hotel). In 1960, Arnold Palmer won the first Bob Hope Desert Classic golf tournament. President Dwight D. Eisenhower was a regular Indian Wells visitor and later an Eldorado homeowner.[4]

In an election held June 27, 1967, to avoid being annexed by neighboring cities such as Palm Desert, the inhabitants of Indian Wells voted to incorporate as a city. On July 14, 1967, Indian Wells became California's 400th city and the 16th in Riverside County. Its first mayor was Pete Peterson. Since then, Indian Wells has continued to grow, with the development of resort hotels, golf courses and luxury residential areas.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 760
1980 1,394 83.4%
1990 2,647 89.9%
2000 3,816 44.2%
2010 4,958 29.9%

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that Indian Wells had a population of 4,958. The population density was 339.8 people per square mile (131.2/km²). The racial makeup of Indian Wells was 4,721 (95.2%) White, 29 (0.6%) African American, 20 (0.4%) Native American, 83 (1.7%) Asian, 2 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 52 (1.0%) from other races, and 51 (1.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 209 persons (4.2%).

The Census reported that 4,952 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 6 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,745 households, out of which 193 (7.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,519 (55.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 85 (3.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 46 (1.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 85 (3.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 36 (1.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 944 households (34.4%) were made up of individuals and 690 (25.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.80. There were 1,650 families (60.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.22.

The population was spread out with 310 people (6.3%) under the age of 18, 76 people (1.5%) aged 18 to 24, 283 people (5.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,558 people (31.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,731 people (55.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 66.7 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

There were 5,137 housing units at an average density of 352.1 per square mile (135.9/km²), of which 2,285 (83.2%) were owner-occupied, and 460 (16.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 5.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.4%. 4,251 people (85.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 701 people (14.1%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 3,816 people, 1,982 households, and 1,323 families residing in the city. The population density was 288.5 people per square mile (111.4/km²). There were 3,843 housing units at an average density of 290.5 per square mile (112.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 1.5% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. 3.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,982 households out of which 8.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.9 and the average family size was 2.3.

The age distribution is 7.6% under the age of 18, 1.5% from 18 to 24, 9.4% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 46.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 63 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $93,986, and the median income for a family was $119,110. Males had a median income of $88,709 versus $49,539 for females. The per capita income for the city was $76,187. About 1.2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Indian Wells is located at 33°42′57″N 116°20′28″W / 33.71583°N 116.34111°W / 33.71583; -116.34111 (33.715755, −116.341109).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.6 square miles (38 km2), of which, 14.3 square miles (37 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.85%) is water.

Climate[edit]

This climate is dominated in all months by the subtropical anticyclon, or subtropical high, with its descending air, elevated inversions, and clear skies. Such an atmospheric environment inhibits precipitation. Most of Earth's tropical, true desert climates occur between 15° and 30° latitude.[9]

Climate data for Indio, California (approximately 8 miles east of Indian Wells) (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 95
(35)
99
(37)
104
(40)
112
(44)
116
(47)
121
(49)
123
(51)
123
(51)
121
(49)
116
(47)
102
(39)
93
(34)
123
(51)
Average high °F (°C) 70.7
(21.5)
73.9
(23.3)
80.5
(26.9)
87.5
(30.8)
95.6
(35.3)
103.6
(39.8)
108.1
(42.3)
107.3
(41.8)
101.7
(38.7)
91.1
(32.8)
78.4
(25.8)
69.3
(20.7)
89.0
(31.7)
Average low °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
48.0
(8.9)
52.2
(11.2)
57.4
(14.1)
64.4
(18)
71.0
(21.7)
77.6
(25.3)
77.6
(25.3)
71.7
(22.1)
62.5
(16.9)
51.8
(11)
44.2
(6.8)
60.3
(15.7)
Record low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
24
(−4)
29
(−2)
34
(1)
36
(2)
44
(7)
54
(12)
52
(11)
46
(8)
30
(−1)
23
(−5)
23
(−5)
19
(−7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.15
(29.2)
1.11
(28.2)
0.53
(13.5)
0.06
(1.5)
0.02
(0.5)
0.02
(0.5)
0.13
(3.3)
0.29
(7.4)
0.23
(5.8)
0.24
(6.1)
0.32
(8.1)
0.87
(22.1)
4.97
(126.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.1 3.2 1.6 0.6 0.2 0 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.9 14.4
Source: NOAA [10]

Politics[edit]

Indian Wells has the second highest percentage of registered Republicans of any city in California, with 65.1% of its 3,027 registered voters registered as Republicans, 19.5% of voters are registered Democrats, and 12.2% declined to state.[11]

In the state legislature, Indian Wells is located in the 28th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 42nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Nestande. Federally, Indian Wells is located in California's 36th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3[12] and is represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.

Notable residents[edit]

Controversy[edit]

In 2011, the city manager, Greg Johnson resigned following an outcry stating that he used his position of power inappropriately, emailing an employer to silence an employee. The employee had asked about compensation for the city manager and city council members.[14]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ City of Indian Wells – Mayor Mary T. Roche
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ City of Indian Wells – The Early Years
  4. ^ City of Indian Wells – The 1950s & 1960s
  5. ^ City of Indian Wells – Becoming A City
  6. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=952440&cityname=Indio-California
  10. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  11. ^ http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/ror/ror-pages/15day-stwdsp-09/politicalsub.pdf
  12. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  13. ^ Meeks, Eric G. (2011). P.S. I Love Lucy: The Story of Lucille Ball in Palm Springs. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. p. 26. ISBN 978-1468098549. 
  14. ^ "The Desert Sun" editorial board: http://www.mydesert.com/article/20111012/OPINION01/110110345[dead link]

External links[edit]