Democracy in India

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India is the seventh largest (by area) and the second most populous country in the world, with roughly one-sixth of its population, of about a billion and a quarter. It is the world's largest democracy by electorate. It is one of the world's oldest civilizations, yet a very young nation. This is due to the fact that it was under Moghul control for much of its history until its colonisation by European powers, before finally gaining its freedom in 1947 after a long independence movement initiated by individuals such as Mahatma Gandhi. Elections to its Parliament are held once every 5 years. Currently, Prime minister Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi is the head of the government, enjoying a majority in the Parliament, while President Pranab Mukherjee, is the head of state. India is a constitutional republic governed under the world's longest written constitution, federally consisting of 29 states and seven centrally administered union territories, with New Delhi as the nation's capital. The country has six main national parties: the Indian National Congress (INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). At the level of its states, many regional parties stand for elections to state legislatures, every five years.In rajya sabha elections will be held for every 6 years.

Factors affecting democracy[edit]

The Indian democracy is the best understood by focusing on how power is divided. The earliest forms of Republics and Kingdoms in India were called Janapada and Mahajanapada.

Regions[edit]

India is very densely populated. Some advocate[who?] splitting some twenty nine states and seven union territories. It is the 2nd-most populated country in the world.

Other factors[edit]

Factors such as education, corruption, women's issues, student politics,leadership strategies and the design of political institutions affect national and local politics.[1] Some other factors such as the caste issue, environment policy, new long-term investment in the economy by foreigners etc., also have a bearing.Factors such as education, corruption, women's issues, student politics, criminalization of politics, leadership strategies and the design of political institutions affect national and local politics.[2] Some other factors such as the caste issue, environment policy, new long-term investment in the economy by foreigners etc., also have a bearing.

See also[edit]

  1. Indian Government
  2. Indian Politics
  3. Indian Law
  4. Indian economy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 10 Nov. 2008 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India India
  2. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 10 Nov. 2008 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India India

Further reading[edit]