Indian general election, 1923

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Indian general election, 1923
British India
1920 ←
1923 → 1926

145 seats contested
  First party Second party
  Motilal nehru.jpg
Leader Motilal Nehru
Party SP ILP
Seats won 38 27

General elections were held in British India in November 1923 for both the Central Legislative Assembly and Provincial Assemblies. The Central Legislative Assembly had 145 seats, of which 105 were elected by the public.[1][2]

The Assembly was opened on 21 January 1924 by Viceroy Lord Reading.[3]

Results[edit]

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Grouping Seats Leader
Swaraj Party 38 Motilal Nehru
Moderates 27
Independents 7 Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Loyalists 6
Brahmins 3
Gurdwara Sikhs 2
Liberals 2
Unknown allegiance 20
Appointed members 40
Total 145
Source: The Times[4]

Provincial Assemblies[edit]

Province Anti-Ministerialists Justice Party Swaraj Party Others Independents Appointed Unfilled seats[a] Total
Assam 14 39 0 53
Bengal 49 87 3 139
Bihar and Orissa 12 82 9 103
Central Provinces 50 19 0 69
Bombay 32 72 7 111
Madras 37 44 11 6 0 28 0 127
Punjab 28 65 0 93
United Provinces 38 84 1 123
Source: The Times,[5] Saroja Sundararajan[6]

a Seats that were unfilled as of 1 January 1924

Members of Central Legislative Assembly[edit]

[2][7][8][9][10][11]

Officials[edit]

  • Nominated from Provinces: T. E. Moir (Madras), Julius Matheson Turing (Madras), Philip Edward Percival (Bombay), Percy Barnes Haigh (Bombay), Walter Hudson (Bombay), Lewis Sydney Steward O'Maley (Bengal), Girish Chandra Nag (Bengal), Rustomji Faridoonji (Central Provinces), Basil Copleston Allen (Assam), William Alexander Cosgrave (Assam), Frank Charles Owens (Burma), H. Tonkison (Burma), Shyam Narayan Singh (Bihar & Orissa), Henry Edward Holme (United Provinces), E. H. Ashworth (United Provinces), Hubert Calvert (Punjab)

Nominated Non-Officials[edit]

Elected Non-Officials[edit]

  • Assam: Tarun Ram Phookan (Assam Valley General), Kamini Kumar Chanda (Surma Valley cum Shillong General), Ahmad Ali Khan (Muslim), Eustace Joseph (European)
  • Bengal: Bipin Chandra Pal (Calcutta General), Tulsi Chandra Goswami (Calcutta Suburbs General), Amar Nath Dutt (Burdwan General), Bhabendra Chandra Roy (Presidency General), K. C. Neogy (Dacca Rural General), Kumar Sankar Ray (Chittagong & Rajshahi General), Yacoob C. Ariff (Calcutta & Suburbs Muslim), Mohammad Shams-us-Zoha (Burdwan & Presidency Muslim), Alimuazzam Chowdhry (Dacca Muslim), Sir Campbell Rhodes (European), Darcy Lindsay (European), W. S. J. Wilson (European), Col. J. D. Crawford (European), Surendra Chandra Ghose (Landholders), Rang Lal Jajodia (Marwari Association)
  • Bihar & Orissa: Nilakantha Das (Orissa General), Bhabananda Das (Orissa General), Ambika Prasad Singh (Patna-cum-Shahabad General), Hari Prasad Lal (Gaya-cum-Monghyr General), Ganganand Sinha (Bhagalpur, Purnea & Santhal Parganas General), Devaki Prasad Sinha (Chota Nagpur General), Gaya Prasad Singh (Muzaffarpur-cum-Champaran General), Sarfaraz Husain Khan (Patna & Chota Nagar cum Orissa Muslim), Moulvi Mian Asjad-ul-lah (Bhagalpur Muslim), Muhammad Shafi Daoodi (Tirhut Muslim), Raja Raghunandan Prashad Singh (Landholders), Shyama Charan, Brajnandan Sahay, Saiyid Muhammad Ismail
  • Bombay: Vithalbhai Patel (Bombay City General), Nowroji Maneckji Dumasia (Bombay City General), Seth Harchandrai Vishandas (Sind General), Jamnadas Mehta (Bombay Northern General), Narasimha Chintaman Kelkar (Bombay Central General), Krishnaji Govind Lohokare (Bombay Central General), Dattatraya Venkatesh Belvi (Bombay Southern General), Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Bombay City Muslim), W. M. Hussanally (Sind Muslim), Ghulam Mahomed Khan Bhurgri (Sind Muslim), Mahomed Ebrahim Makan (Bombay Northern Muslim), Sardar Mahboob Ali Khan Mohammad Akbar Khan (Bombay Southern Muhammadan), Purshottamdas Thakurdas (Indian Merchants Chamber), Kasturbhai Lalbhai (Ahmedabad Millowners Association), Sardar Vishnu Narayan Mutalik (Gujarat & Deccan Sardars & Inamdars), Henry Richard Dunk (European), Hugh Golding Cocke (European), E. F. Sykes (European), Sir Montagu de Pomeray Webb (European)
  • Burma: Maung Tok Kyi (General), Maung Kun (General), Maung Ba Si (General), Edward Gibson Fleming (European)
  • Central Provinces: M. V. Abhyankar (Nagpur General), Hari Singh Gour (Hindi Divisions General), Sambhu Dayal Misra (Hindi Divisions General), M. Samiullah Khan (Muslim), Seth Govind Das (Landholders)
  • Delhi: Piyare Lal (General)
  • Madras: T. Rangachari (Madras City General), Bhupatiraju Venkatapatiraju (Ganjam cum Vizagapatam General), Mocherla Ramachandra Rao (Godavari-cum-Krishna General), Kakutur Venkataramanareddi (Guntur cum Nellore General), Chetlur Doraiswamy Ayyangar (Madras ceded districts and Chittoor General), R. K. Shanmukham Chetty (Salem and Coimbatore cum North Arcot General), M. K. Acharya (South Arcot General), Krishna Rama Aiyangar (Madura & Ramnad cum Tinnevelly General), A. Rangaswami Iyengar (Tanjore & Trichy General), Maulvi Sayad Murtuza Sahib Bahadur (South Madras Muslim), Gordon Fraser (European), Kunhi Kammaran Nambiyar Chandroth Koodali Thazheteveetil (Landholders), M. Ct. M. Chidambaram Chettyar (Madras Indian Commerce), Haji S. A. K. Jeelani
  • Punjab: Lala Dunichand (Ambala General), Bakshi Sohan Lal (Jullundur General), Lala Hans Raj (Jullundur General), Diwan Chaman Lall (West Punjab General), Abdul Haye (East Punjab Muslim), Shaikh Sadiq Hasan (East Central Punjab Muslim), Khan Sahib Ghulam Bari (West Central Punjab Muslim), Chaudhri Baawal Baksh (North Punjab Muslim), Ghazanfar Ali Khan (North Punjab Muslim), Sayyad Ghulam Abbas (North West Punjab Muslim), Makhdum Syed Rajan Baksh Shah (South West Punjab Muslim), Sardar Gulab Singh (West Punjab Sikh)
  • United Provinces: Motilal Nehru (UP Cities General), Shamlal Nehru (Meerut General), Narayan Das (Agra General), Madan Mohan Malaviya (Allahabad & Jhansi General), C. S. Ranga Iyer (Rohilkhand & Kumaon General), Krishna Kant Malaviya (Benaras & Gorakhpur General), H. N. Kunzru (Lucknow General), Pandit Harkaran Nath Misra (Lucknow General), Kishanlal Nehru (Fyzabad General), Haji Wajihuddin (UP Cities Muslim), Nawab Ismail Khan (Meerut Muslim), Maulvi Muhammad Yakub (Rohilkhand & Kumaon Muslim), Raja Amarpal Singh (Landholders), Rai Bahadur Raj Narain
  • Other: Khwaja Abdul Karim, Muhammad Abdul Mumin, T. A. Chalmers, H. P. Dayal, L. Graham, J. L. McCallum, C. V. Vasantha Sastri, Colonel Sir Henry Stanvon, R. A. Wilson

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indian Election Results. Strength Of Extremists", The Times, 15 December 1923, p11, Issue 43525
  2. ^ a b Alam, Jawaid. Government and Politics in Colonial Bihar, 1921-1937. p. 118. 
  3. ^ Rushbrook Williams, L. F. India In 1923 1924. p. 273. 
  4. ^ "Indian Legislative Assembly: Balance Of Parties", The Times, 8 January 1924, p6, Issue 43543
  5. ^ "Indian Election Results: Strength Of The Swaraj Party", The Times, 1 January 1924, p11, Issue 43537
  6. ^ Saroja Sundararajan (1989). March to freedom in Madras Presidency, 1916-1947. Madras : Lalitha Publications. pp. 334–339. 
  7. ^ East India. 1922. p. 11. 
  8. ^ India's Parliament Selections from the proceedings of the second session of the Legislative Assembly and the Council of State. Director, Central Bureau of Information, Gov't of India. 1921. 
  9. ^ Mayo, Katherine. Mother India. 
  10. ^ Kumar, Ravindra. Selected Works of Vithalbhai J. Patel: 1924. 
  11. ^ The Indian Year Book. Bennett, Coleman & Company. 1924.