Indian general election, 1926

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Indian general election, 1926
British Raj
1923 ←
1926
→ 1930

105 seats contested
  First party Second party
  Motilal nehru.jpg Madan Mohan Malaviya.png
Leader Motilal Nehru Madan Mohan Malaviya
Party SP NP
Seats won 38 22

General elections were held in British India between 28 October and late November 1926 to elect members of the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Legislative Councils.[1]

The Swaraj Party were victorious in Provincial Council elections in Bengal and Madras, and also made gains in Bihar and Orissa. However, at the national level the party saw their number of seats reduced.[2]

Results[edit]

Central Legislative Assembly[edit]

Party Seats Leader
Swaraj Party 38 Motilal Nehru
Nationalist Party 22 Madan Mohan Malaviya
Central Muslims and Allies 18 Sir Zulfiqar Ali Khan
Independents 13 Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Minor parties, unattached independents, unknown 5
Europeans 9 Sir Darcy Lindsay
Total 105
Source: Schwartzberg Atlas

Members of Central Legislative Assembly[edit]

[3][4][5]

Officials[edit]

  • Government of India: Sir James Crerar (Home Member), Alexander Muddiman (Home Member), Sir George Rainy (Railways, Commerce & Ecclesiastical Member), George Ernest Schuster (Finance Member), Sir Brojendra Mitter (Law Member), Bhupendra Nath Mitra (Industries & Labour Member), Evelyn Berkeley Howell, Alfred Alen Lethbridge Parsons, Hubert Arthur Sams, Gerard Macworth Young, Kodikal Sanjiva Row, Clement Wansbrough Gwynne, John Coatman, Sir Frank Noyce
  • Provinces: Samuel Henry Slater (Madras), A. Upendra Pai (Madras), John Monteath (Bombay), Vyvyan Macleod Ferrers (Bombay), Joseph Charles French (Bengal), Rajnarayan Banarji (Bengal), J. T. Donovan (Bengal), Nasiruddin Ahmad (Bengal), Hugh Stuart Crosthwaite (United Provinces), M. Keane (United Provinces), Khan Bahadur Mian Abdul Aziz (Punjab), Ram Prasad Narayan Sahi (Bihar & Orissa), Shyam Narayan Singh (Bihar & Orissa), Kismet Leland Brewer Hamilton (Central Provinces), H. C. Greenfield (Central Provinces), William Alexander Cosgrave (Assam), Ernest Frederick Baum (Burma), H. Tonkinson (Burma)

Nominated Non-Officials[edit]

  • Provinces: Rai Bahadur Satya Charan Mukherjee (Bengal), Keshab Chandra Roy (Bengal), Muhammad Yamin Khan (United Provinces), Sardar Bahadur Jawahar Singh (Punjab), Sardar Bahadur Captain Hira Singh Brar (Punjab), Madhav Shrihari Aney (Berar), Mariadas Ruthnaswamy (Madras), Ramaswami Srinivasa Sarma (Bihar & Orissa)
  • Special Interests: Henry Gidney (Anglo-Indian), Rev. Jotish Chandra Chatterjee (Indian Christians), Sir James Simpson (Associated Chambers of Commerce), Narayan Malhar Joshi (Labour Interests), G. W. Chambers (Associated Chambers of Commerce), M. C. Rajah (Depressed Classes)

Elected Non-Officials[edit]

  • Assam: Tarun Ram Phookan (Assam Valley General), Srischandra Dutta (Surma Valley cum Shillong General), Maulvi Abdul Matin Chaudhury (Muslim), T. A. Chalmers (Europeans)
  • Bengal: T. C. Goswami (Calcutta Suburbs General), Bhabendra Chandra Roy (Presidency General), Amar Nath Dutt (Burdwan General), K. C. Neogy (Dacca General), Satyendra Chandra Mitra (Chittagong & Rajshahi General), Mohamed Rafique (Calcutta & Suburbs Muslim), Abdullah Al-Mamun Suhrawardy (Burdwan & Presidency Muslim), A. H. Ghuznavi (Dacca Muslim), Haji Choudhary Mohamad Ismail Khan (Dacca Muslim), Anwar-ul-Azim (Chittagong Muslim), Kabiruddin Ahmed (Rajshahi Muslim), Sir Darcy Lindsay (Europeans), Arthur Moore (Europeans), Col. J. D. Crawford (Europeans), Dhirendra Kanta Lahiri Chaudhury (Landholders), Rai Bahadur Tarit Bhushan Roy (Marwari Association), J. F. Fyfe (Bengal Chamber of Commerce)
  • Bihar & Orissa: Nilakantha Das (Orissa General), Bhabananda Das (Orissa General), Rajivarandan P. Sinha (Patna-cum-Shahabad General), Ambika Prasad Sinha (Patna-cum-Shahabad General), Siddheswar Prasad Singh (Gaya-cum-Monghyr General), Ganganand Sinha (Bhagalpur, Purnea & Santhal Parganas), Ramnarayan Singh (Chota Nagpur General), Khan Bahadur Sarfaraz Hussain Khan (Patna & Chota Nagpur cum Orissa Muslim), Moulvi Badl-us-zaman (Bhagalpur Muslim), Maulvi Muhammad Shafee (Tirhut Muslim), Raja Raghunandan Parshad Singh (Landholders), Gaya Prasad Singh (Muzaffarpur-cum-Champaran General), Hari Prasad Lal
  • Burma: Jehangir K. Munshi (General), U. Tok Kyi (General), U. Hla Tun Pru (General), W. Stenhouse Lamb (European)
  • Central Provinces: B. S. Moonje (Nagpur General), Hari Singh Gour (Hindi Divisions General), Dwarka Prasad Misra (Hindi Divisions General), Dr. Abdul Qadir Siddiq (Muslim), Seth Jamnadass (Landholders)
  • Delhi: Lala Rang Behari Lal
  • Madras: S. Srinivasa Iyengar (Madras City General), Tanguturi Prakasam (East and West Godavari cum Krishna General), Battena Perumalla Nayudu (Guntur-cum-Nellore General), Chetluru Doraiswamy Ayyangar (Madras ceded districts & Chittoor General), R. K. Shanmukham Chetty (Salem and Coimbatore cum North Arcot General), M. K. Acharya (South Arcot General), A. Rangaswami Iyengar (Tanjore cum Trichinopoly General), M. R. Ry. Mudumbi Srinivasachariar Seshayyangar (Madura and Ramnad-cum-Tinnevelly General), M. R. Ry. G. Sarvothama Rao Avargal (West Coast & Nilgiris General), Abdul Latif Sahib Farookhi (North Madras Muslim), Maulvi Syed Murtuza Sahab Bahadur (South Madras Muslim), Khan Bahadur Haji Abdullah Haji Kassim (West Coast & Nilgiris Muslim), William Alexander (European), K. V. Rangaswami Ayyangar (Landholders), Vidya Sagar Pandya (Madras Indian Commerce), T. Rangachari, Rama Iyengar, P. S. Sivaswami Iyer, T. N. Ramakrishna Reddi, Bhupatiraju Venkatapatiraju
  • Punjab: Pandit Thakur Das Bhargava (Ambala General), Lala Lajpat Rai (Jullundur General), Diwan Chaman Lall (West Punjab General), Abdul Haye (East Punjab Muslim), Sir Zulfiqar Ali Khan (East Central Punjab Muslim), Mian Sir Muhammad Shah Nawaz (West Central Punjab Muslim), Ghazanfar Ali Khan (North Punjab Muslim), Sayyed Hussain Shah (North-West Punjab Muslim), Makhdum Syed Rajan Baksh Shah (South-West Punjab Muslim), Sardar Gulab Singh (West Punjab Sikh), Sardar Kartar Singh (East Punjab Sikh)
  • United Provinces: Motilal Nehru (UP Cities General), Chaudhri Mukhtar Singh (Meerut General), Pandit Shamlal Nehru (Meerut General), H. N. Kunzru (Agra General), Lala Girdharilal Agarwala (Agra General), C. S. Ranga Iyer (Rohilkhand & Kumaon General), Madan Mohan Malaviya (Allahabad & Jhanshi General), Ghanshyam Das Birla (Benares and Gorakpur General), Munshi Iswar Saran (Lucknow General), Sankata Prasad Bajpai (Lucknow General), Kuar Rananjay Singh (Fyzabad General), Tasadduq Ahmad Khan Sherwani (UP Cities General), Dr. L. K. Hyder (Agra Rural Muslim), Sir Muhammad Yakub (Rohilkhand & Kumaon Muslim), Lala Tirloki Nath (Landholders), Tracey Gavin Jones (European), Rafi Ahmed Kidwai
  • Other: Pandit Krishna Kant Malaviya, S. D. Tatatuley, R. D. Dalal, L. V. Heathcote, J. Ramsay Scott, H. Shankar Rau

Elected Members of Council of State[edit]

[6]

  • John William Anderson Bell (Bengal Chamber of Commerce)
  • Mahmood Suhrawardy (West Bengal : Muhammadan)
  • Maulvi Abdul Karim (East Bengal: Muhammadan)
  • Lokenath Mukherjee (West Bengal: Non-Muhammadan), Swaraj[4]
  • Rai Bahadur Nalini Nath Sett (West Bengal  : Non-Muhammadan),[4]
  • Sir Arthur Froom (Bombay Chamber of Commerce)
  • Mian Ali Baksh Muhammad Hussain (Sind : Muhammadan)
  • Ebrahim Haroon Jaffer (Bombay Presidency : Muhammadan)
  • Manmohandas Ramji Vora (Bombay : Non-Muhammadan)
  • Pheroze Sethna (Bombay: Non-Muhammadan)
  • Ratansi D. Morarji (Bombay: Non-Muhamaddan)
  • Maneckji Dadabhoy (Bombay: Non-Muhamaddan)
  • Nawab Sahibzada Sayad Mohammad Mehr Shah (East and West Punjab: Muhammadan)
  • Lala Ram Saran Das (Punjab: Non-Muhammadan)
  • Saiyed Mohamad Padshah Sahib Bahadur (Madras : Muhammadan)
  • Dr. U. Rama Rao (Madras: Non-Muhammadan), Swaraj[4]
  • V. Ramadas Pantulu (Madras: Non-Muhammadan)
  • Sir C. Sankaran Nair (Madras: Non-Muhammadan)[4]
  • Pundi Chetlur Desika Chari (Burma: General)
  • Sir Edgar Holberton (Burma Chamber of Commerce)
  • Maulvi Golam Mostafa Chaudhury (Assam : Muhammadan)
  • Saiyid Alay Nabi (United Provinces West: Muhammadan)
  • Raja Moti Chand (United Provinces Southern: Non-Muhammadan)
  • Raja Sir Rampal Singh (United Provinces Central : Non-Muhamrnudan)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indian General Election. The Communal Issue., Hindu v. Moslem", The Times, 29 October 1926, p15, Issue 44415
  2. ^ "The British Empire. Dominions In Conference", The Times, 1 January 1927, p5, Issue 44468
  3. ^ Kumar, Ravindra. Selected Works of Vithalbhai J. Patel: 1930-1932. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Indian Quarterly Register. 1926 http://archive.org/stream/indianquarterlyr035508mbp/indianquarterlyr035508mbp_djvu.txt |url= missing title (help). 
  5. ^ The Indian Year Book. Bennett, Coleman & Company. 
  6. ^ The Council of State Debates Official Report Vol VII.