Indian general election, 1957
India held general elections to the 2nd Lok Sabha. The Indian National Congress managed to replicate its 1952 success story in the second Lok Sabha elections held in 1957. The INC managed to win 371 seats from a total of 490 candidates who were in the political fray. The party also secured 47.78 per cent majority winning a total of 57,579,589 votes. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru came back to power with a comfortable majority. On May 11, 1957, M. Ananthasayanam Iyengar was unanimously elected the Speaker of the new Lok Sabha. His name was proposed by Prime Minister Nehru and seconded by Mr. Satyanarayan Sinha.
The second general elections, which were conducted for 494 seats in 403 constituencies, represented 13 Indian states and 4 union territories. At that time, there were 312 one-seat, and 91 two-seat and no three-seat constituency. The multi-seat constituencies were discontinued since the third general elections in 1962.
These elections also saw the rise of Congress member, Feroz Gandhi (who went on to marry PM Nehru's daughter Indira), who defeated his nearest rival, Nand Kishore by a margin of over 29,000 votes to win the general seat in the Rae Bareilly constituency in Uttar Pradesh.
Interestingly, independents got 19 per cent of the vote in 1957. The 2nd Lok Sabha completed its full term on March 31, 1962.
Results by Party
|Lok Sabha elections 1957
Electoral participation: 55.42%
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||BJS||5.97||4|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||8.92||27|
|Indian National Congress||INC||47.78||371|
|Praja Socialist Party||PSP||10.41||19|
|Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha||ABHM||0.86||1|
|Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad||RRP||0.38||0|
|Chota Nagpur Santhal Parganas Janata Party||CNSPJP||0.42||3|
|Forward Bloc (Marxist)||AIFB||0.55||2|
|Peasants and Workers Party of India||PWPI||0.77||4|
|People's Democratic Front||0.87||2|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party||RSP||0.26||0|
|Scheduled Castes Federation||SCF||1.69||6|
- State Assembly elections in India, 1957
- Election Commission of India
- Indian presidential election, 1957
- "General Election of India 1957, Second Lok Sabha". Election Commission of India. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-01-13.