Indian general election, 1967
India held general elections to the 4th Lok Sabha. The country had its fourth outing at the hustings since Independence in August 1947. This fourth general elections, which were conducted for 520 seats from 520 constituencies, represented 27 Indian states and union territories. For the second time, there were only one-seat, constituencies and two-seat constituency were abolished in 1962 elections.
Congress which till now had never won less than 73 per cent of the seats in Parliament, it was more bad news ahead. It's internal crisis stared at its face in the results of the 1967 elections. For the first time, it lost nearly 60 seats in the Lower House, managing to win 283 seats. Until 1967, the grand old party had also never won less than 60 per cent of all seats in Assembly elections. It also suffered a major setback as non-Congress ministries were established in Bihar, Kerala, Orissa, Madras, the Punjab and West Bengal. Among all this, Indira Gandhi, elected to the Lok Sabha from Rai Bareili constituency, was sworn in as the Prime Minister on March 13. In order to keep dissident voices at bay, she appointed Morarji Desai, who had opposed her candidature as PM after Lal Bahudur Shastri's death, as Deputy Prime Minister of India and Finance Minister of India. Some reasons for the dismal performance were that both popular prime ministers Jawaharul Nehru and Lal Bahudur Shastri had died, since then the Congress had been in crisis with Indira Gandhi and Moraji Desai both wanting the position of Prime Minister. In the end Indira was chosen, mostly because of the support of Senior Congress leader Kumararasami Kamaraj who was also the chief minister of madras ( Now Tamil Nadu).
The Congress' dismal electoral performance forced her to become assertive and opt for a series of choices that put her against the Congress Party high command. Differences within the party kept building. The Congress expelled her for "indiscipline" on November 12, 1969, an action that split the party into two factions: the Congress (O)-for Organisation-led by Morarji Desai, and the Congress (I)--for Indira-led by Indira Gandhi. Indira continued to head a minority government with support from the CPI till December 1970. Not wanting to head a minority government any longer, she called for a mid-term election to the Lok Sabha a full one year ahead of schedule. 
Results by Party
|Lok Sabha elections 1967
Electoral participation: 61.04%
|Bharatiya Jana Sangh||BJS||9,31||35|
|Communist Party of India||CPI||5,11||23|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||CPI(M)||4,28||19|
|Indian National Congress||INC||40,78||283|
|Praja Socialist Party||PSP||3,06||13|
|Samyukta Socialist Party||SSP||4,92||23|
|Akali Dal – Master Tara Singh||ADM||0,13||0|
|Akali Dal – Sant Fateh Singh||ADS||0,66||3|
|All India Forward Bloc||AIFB||0,43||2|
|Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||DMK||3,79||25|
|Democratic National Conference||DNC||0,02||0|
|Indian Union Muslim League||IUML||0,28||2|
|Naga Nationalist Organisation||NNO||0,00||0|
|Peasants and Workers Party of India||PWPI||0,71||2|
|Republican Party of India||RPI||2,47||1|
|United Goans (Furtado Group)||UG(F)||0,00||0|
|United Goans (Sequiera Group)||UG(S)||0,07||1|
|Jana Kranti Dal||JKD||0,13||1|
|Jammu & Kashmir National Conference||NC||0,14||1|
- "General Election of India 1967, 4th Lok Sabha". Election Commission of India. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
- Dalal, Roshen. The Puffin History of India for Children Volume 2.