Indian general election, 1998

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Indian general election, 1998
India
1996 ←
members
February 16, February 22, and February 28, 1998 → 1999
members

All 545 seats in the Lok Sabha
273 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Ab vajpayee.jpg
Leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sitaram Kesri
Party BJP INC
Alliance NDA INC+
Leader's seat Lucknow Bihar
(Rajya Sabha)
Seats won 254 144
Seat change +25 +1
Popular vote 139,701,871 98,140,471
Percentage 37.21% 26.14%

Prime Minister before election

Inder Kumar Gujral
UF

Elected Prime Minister

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
NDA

General elections were held in India in 1998, after the government elected in 1996 collapsed and the 12th Lok Sabha was convened. New elections were called when Indian National Congress (INC) left the United Front government led by I.K. Gujral, after they refused to drop the regional Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party from the government after the DMK was linked by an investigative panel to Sri Lankan separatists blamed for the killing of Rajiv Gandhi.[1] The outcome of the new elections was also indecisive, with no party or alliance able to create a strong majority. Although the Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee regained his position of Prime Minister getting support from 286 members out of 545, the government collapsed again in late 1998 when the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, with its 18 seats, withdrew their support, leading to new elections in 1999. It also marked the first time since independence that India's traditional governing party, the INC, failed to win two consecutive elections.

Turnout was 61.97%.

Results[edit]

Party Acronym Alliance % of votes Seats
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP NDA 25.59% 182
Indian National Congress INC Congress 25.82% 141
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) United Front 5.4% 32
Samajwadi Party SP 4.93% 20
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK NDA 1.83% 18
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Jan Morcha 2.78% 17
Telugu Desam Party TDP 2.77% 12
Samata Party SAP NDA 1.76% 12
Communist Party of India CPI United Front 1.75% 9
Biju Janata Dal BJD NDA 1% 9
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD NDA 0.81% 8
All India Trinamool Congress WBTMC NDA 2.42% 7
Janata Dal JD United Front 3.24% 6
Independents - 2.37% 6
Shiv Sena SS NDA 1.77% 6
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK United Front 1.44% 6
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Jan Morcha 4.67% 5
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP United Front 0.55% 5
Haryana Lok Dal (Rashtriya) HLD(R) 0.53% 4
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK NDA 0.42% 4
Republican Party of India RPI 0.37% 4
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC(M) United Front 1.4% 3
Lok Shakti LS NDA 0.69% 3
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam MDMK NDA 0.44% 3
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference NC 0.21% 3
All India Forward Bloc AIFB United Front 0.33% 2
Muslim League Kerala State Committee MUL Congress 0.22% 2
Arunachal Congress AC 0.05% 2
Nominated Anglo-Indians - -% 2
All India Rashtriya Janata Party AIRJP Jan Morcha 0.56% 1
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP(R) Jan Morcha 0.32% 1
Haryana Vikas Party HVP NDA 0.24% 1
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen AIMIM 0.13% 1
All India Indira Congress (Secular) AIIC(S) United Front 0.12% 1
Janata Party JP NDA 0.12% 1
Kerala Congress (Mani) KC Congress 0.1% 1
United Minorities Front, Assam UMFA 0.1% 1
Peasants and Workers Party of India PWPI 0.07% 1
Autonomous State Demand Committee ASDC 0.05% 1
Manipur State Congress Party MSCP 0.05% 1
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 0.03% 1
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Jan Morcha 0.36% 0
Asom Gana Parishad AGP United Front 0.29% 0
Hill Peoples' Democratic Party HPDP 0.2% 0
NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi) NTRTDP(LP) NDA 0.1% 0
Kerala Congress KC United Front 0.09% 0
United Democratic Party UDP 0.06% 0
United Goans Democratic Party UGDP 0.04% 0
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 0.03% 0
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 0.02% 0
Mizo National Front MNF NDA 0.02% 0
Total 100% 545

Summary[edit]

Alliance % of votes Seats
National Democratic Alliance 46.61% 254
Congress & allies 26.42% 144
United Front 11.74% 64
Jan Morcha 4.40% 24
Others 10.82% 59
Total 100% 545

Results by state[edit]

States[edit]

(Please help expand this section with correct data) National Democratic Alliance (NDA) won the election. Its constituents were Bharatiya Janata Party, Akali Dal, Shiv Sena, Telugu Desam, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagham (AIADMK of Jayalalithaa) et al. Constituents of United Progressive Alliance (UPA) were Congress, Lalu Janata Dal, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP of Sharad Pawar), Kerala Muslim League, et al.

Andhra Pradesh (Total seats - 42) Congress - 22, Telugu Desam - 12, BJP - 4

Assam (Seats - 13) Congress - 10

Bihar (Total - 54) BJP (Part of NDA) - 19, Samata Party (Part of NDA) - 10, Rashtriya Janata Dal (Lalu Yadav) - 17, Congress - 4

Gujarat (Total seats - 26) Bharatiya Janata Party - 19, Congress - 7

Karnataka (Seats - 28) BJP - 13, Congress - 9

Madhya Pradesh (Seats in MP - 40) BJP - 30, Congress - 10

Maharashtra (Seats - 48) BJP - 4, Shiv Sena - 6, Congress (Part of UPA) - 31, RPI (Part of UPA) - 6,

Rajasthan (Total - 25) BJP - 5, Congress - 19

Tamil Nadu AIADMK (Part of NDA) - 18, BJP (NDA) - 3, DMK - 5, Tamil Manila Congress - 3

Uttar Pradesh (Seats in UP - 85) BJP - 58, Congress - Zero, Samajwadi Party (Mulayam Singh Yadav) - 19, BSP (Mayawati) - 4

West Bengal (Total - 42) CPI(M) - 24, CPI - 3, Trinamool Congress - 7, Congress - 1, BJP - 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]