List of Indian independence activists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Indian independence activists)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against foreign domination and cultural imposition on the Indian sub-continent. In India and the rest of South Asia such individuals are often referred to as freedom fighters. The Indian independence movement consisted of efforts by Indians to obtain political independence from British, French and Portuguese rule; it involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and rebellions.[1][2]

Social and religious organizations and activists[edit]

Organizations[edit]

Activists[edit]

Political organizations[edit]

From Bengal and Assam Valley (Bengal Presidency, Hills of Darjeeling and The Assam Province)[edit]

Name Place Deeds
Subhas Chandra Bose Bengal Presidency
Bina Das Bengal Presidency At her age of 20, she was sentenced to nine years of rigorous imprisonment for her revolutionary activity. After her release she joined the Congress party and participated in Quit India movement, again to get imprisoned for three years.
Tarun Ram Phukan Assam
Gopinath Bardoloi Assam
Nabin Chandra Bardoloi Assam
Ambikagiri Raychoudhury Assam
Titumir (Sayyid Mir Nisar Ali)
Bipin Chandra Pal
Chittaranjan Das
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
A. K. Fazlul Huq
Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani
Rabindranath Tagore
Kazi Nazrul Islam
Surya Sen Chittagong Armoury Raid
Pritilata Waddedar
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Assam
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Benoy Basu
Badal Gupta
Dinesh Gupta
Khudiram Bose
Prafulla Chaki
Bagha Jatin
Barin Ghosh
Rash Behari Bose
Surendranath Banerjee
Sarat Chandra Bose
Bhupendra Nath Datta
Pulin Behari Das
Taraknath Das
Atulkrishna Ghosh
Ullaskar Dutta
Zishan Ahamed Thandar
Satish Chandra Basu
Pramathanath Mitra
Sarala_Devi
Barindra Kumar Ghosh
Hem Chandra Kanungo
Narendra Nath Bhattacharya
Jadu Gopal Mukherjee
Sachindra Nath Sanyal
Bhupendra Kumar Datta
Binod Bihari Chowdhury
Bipin Behari Ganguli
Raja Subodh Mallik

From North, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and Central India (United Provinces)[edit]

Name Place Deeds
Bhola Paswan Shastri Bihar
Tilka Manjhi Bihar and Jharkhand
Birsa Munda Jharkhand
Sidhu Murmu Jharkhand
Kanhu Murmu Jharkhand
Sahajanand Saraswati United Provinces Kisan Aandolan
Chandrasekhar Azad United Provinces
Sachindra Nath Sanyal United Provinces
Manmath Nath Gupta United Provinces
Prem Krishna Khanna United Provinces
Banwari Lal United Provinces
Rani Lakshmibai United Provinces Armed rebellion against British
Mangal Pandey United Provinces 1857 revolt
Ram Prasad Bismil United Provinces
Rammanohar Lohia United Provinces
Lal Bahadur Shastri United Provinces
Rajendra Prasad Bihar
Jayaprakash Narayan Bihar
Shriram Sharma United Provinces Became famous as Sriram 'Matta'[3]
Baikuntha Shukla Bihar
Thakur Jugal Kishore Sinha Bihar
Ram Dulari Sinha Bihar
Raj Narain
Azimullah Khan
Karyanand Sharma Bihar
Ganesh Dutt Bihar
Krishna Sinha Bihar
Motilal Nehru United Provinces
Guru Radha Kishan Indore Mobilized youth and textile workers against British laws
Jawaharlal Nehru United Provinces First Prime Minister of India
Abul Kalam Azad Delhi
Bahadur Shah Zafar Delhi
Sikander Bakht Delhi
Shankar Dayal Sharma Madhya Bharat
Rameshwar Dayal Dantre [4] Madhya Bharat
Hasrat Mohani United Provinces
Basawon Singh (Sinha) Bihar
Yamuna Karjee Bihar
Yogendra Shukla Bihar
Ramesh Chandra Jha Bihar
Sheel Bhadra Yajee Bihar
Yadunandan Sharma Bihar
Ramavriksha Benipuri Bihar
Ganga Sharan Singh (Sinha)
Mulana Mazharul Haque Bihar
Ali Jawad Zaidi Bi Amman was an associate
Ashfaqullah United Provinces
Chandrasekhar Azad United Provinces
Govind Ballabh Pant United Provinces
Maulana Shaukat Ali United Provinces
Kamla Nehru United Provinces
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari United Provinces
Rafi Ahmad Kidwai United Provinces
Narendra Dev United Provinces
Zakir Hussain United Provinces
Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthy United Provinces
Mahavir Tyagi United Provinces
Laxmi Raman Acharya United Provinces
Ram Manohar Lohia United Provinces
Yashpal United Provinces
Batukeshwar Dutt United Provinces
Sukhdev Thapar United Provinces
Shivaram Hari Rajguru United Provinces
Vijayalaksmi Pandit United Provinces
Purushottam Das Tandon United Provinces
Nana Sahib Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Seth Govind Das
Abdul Bari Sahabad, Jehanabad, Bihar. Played active role in Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922
Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi Bihar
Jagjivan Ram Bihar Teju Ram Meghwal
Jai Ram Varma Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh
Ram Krishna Sinha Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh
Brij Basi Lal Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh

From Punjab and Northwest India[edit]

Name Place Deeds
Ram Singh Punjab Kuka movement
Allama Iqbal Punjab
Amir Chand Bombwal Punjab
Lala Lajpat Rai Punjab
Sardul Singh Caveeshar Punjab
Sheikh Abdullah Punjab
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Punjab
Rao Tula Ram of Rewari[5] Haryana
Baba Gurdit Singh Punjab
Baldev Singh Punjab
Bhagat Singh Punjab
Bhai Balmukund Punjab
Bhai Parmanand Punjab
Bhai Ram Singh Punjab
Kartar Singh Sarabha Punjab
Kartar Singh Jhabbar Punjab
Mahavarat Vidyalankar Punjab
Madan Lal Dhingra Punjab
Tej Bahadur Sapru Punjab
Sardul Singh Caveeshar Punjab
Shivaram Rajguru Punjab
Sikander Hyat Khan Punjab
Sukhdev Punjab
Baba Kanshi Ram Punjab
Udham Singh Punjab
Shah Nawaz Khan (general) Punjab

From Maharashtra and Gujarat (Bombay Presidency)[edit]

Name Place Deeds
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Started Ganesh Utsav to unite people.
Chapekar brothers
Dadabhai Naoroji
Vasudev Balwant Phadke
Mohandas Gandhi Most important leader, is known as 'The Father of the Nation'.
Kasturba Gandhi Wife of Gandhi; a significant woman independence activist.
Vallabhbhai Patel A Social leader, who played a major role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation.
Maniben Patel Daughter of Sardar Patel, Maniben was imprisoned during the Quit India struggle and was held in custody in Yeravda Jail.
Tribhuvandas Kishibhai Patel
Ratnappa Kumbhar
Ravi Shankar Vyas
Narhari Parikh
Jivatram Kripalani
Mahadev Desai
Manilal Pandya
Mohanlal Pandya
Abbas Tyabji
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Narahar Vishnu Gadgil
Vithalbhai Patel
Vinoba Bhave
Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar
Mridula Sarabhai
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar He published The Indian War of Independence about the Indian rebellion of 1857 that was banned by British authorities. He was arrested in 1910 for his connections with the revolutionary group India House.
Bhulabhai Desai
Morarji Desai
Manubhai Shah Imprisoned during the Independence Movement and suffered torture. Later to become an Indian Statesman, Politician and Union Cabinet Minister in Independent India. Known as "Maker of Modern Saurashtra", "Architect of Modern India", "Builder of Indian Industry".
Bhikaiji Cama
Joseph Baptista
U.N. Dhebar
Pujya Mota
Shyamji Krishna Varma
Mahadev Govind Ranade
Tatya Tope
Rani Laxmibai
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule
Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj
Jhaverchand Meghani
Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi Gujarat
Indulal Yagnik
Shankarlal Banker
Dula Bhaya Kag
Shankarlal Parikh Kheda Satyagraha by Sjt. Shankarlal Parikh of Kathlal, Kheda.
Usha Mehta Surat, Gujarat Remembered for organizing the Congress Radio, also called the Secret Congress Radio, an underground radio station, which functioned for few months during the Quit India Movement of 1942.
Samaldas Gandhi
Nana Patil
Vasanthrao L. Patil
Jamnalal Bajaj
Prabhudas Patwari
Achyut Patwardhan
Babubhai P. Vaidya
Shirishkumar Mehta
Pherozeshah Mehta
Gokulbhai Bhatt Sirohi Rajasthan
Mohammad Ali Jinnah Bombay and later Karachi Founder of Pakistan.

From South India (Madras Presidency:- Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)[edit]

Name birth place Deeds
Veerapandiya Kattabomman Tamil Nadu Kattabomman refused to accept the sovereignty of British East India Company and opted to fight against them. In 1799, he was captured by the British and hanged at Kayattar in Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu.
U. Muthuramalingam Thevar Tamil Nadu Also known as Pasumpon Muthuramalingam Thevar, was an Indian politician. He became the leader of the All India Forward Bloc in Tamil Nadu, and was national deputy chairman of the party from 1952 onwards.
V. V. S. Aiyar
Alluri Sita Rama Raju Andhra Pradesh Raju led the ill-fated "Rampa Rebellion" of 1922–24, during which a band of tribal leaders and other sympathizers fought against the British Raj. He was referred to as "Manyam Veerudu" ("Hero of the Jungles") by the local people.
Potti Sreeramulu Andhra Pradesh A devout follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he worked for much of his life for humanitarian causes, including support for the Dalit community. Revered as Amarajeevi ("Immortal being") in the Andhra region for his self-sacrifice for the Andhra cause. Undertook a hunger strike in support of the formation of an Indian state for the Telugu-speaking population of Madras Presidency and sacrificed his life in the process.
Chakravarti Rajgopalachari Tamil Nadu
Sardar Vedaratnam
Erode Venkata Ramasamy Tamil Nadu Called by his followers as Periyar was a businessman, politician.
Kayyar Kinhanna Rai Madras Presidency
Krishna Menon Kerala
Mathai Manjooran Kerala
A. J. John, Anaparambil Kerala
Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Kandukuri Veeresalingam
Sarojini Naidu
Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
S. K. Amin
Tiruppur Kumaran Tamil Nadu Kumaran founded Desa Bandhu Youth Association.
O. Thanikachalam Chetti Tamil Nadu An Indian lawyer, Freedom fighter and politician who is considered to be one of the pioneers of the Dravidian Movement.
K. Kamaraj Tamil Nadu
M. Bhakthavatsalam Tamil Nadu
Tanguturi Prakasam Andhra Pradesh
Bulusu Sambamurti Andhra Pradesh
V. O. Chidambaram Pillai Tamil Nadu He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, competing against British ships.
Subramanya Bharathy Tamil Nadu Poet.
Vanchinathan Tamil Nadu
Thillaiaadi Valliammai Tamil Nadu
G. Subramania Iyer Tamil Nadu
T.Sadasivam Tamil Nadu
J. C. Kumarappa
O. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar Madras Presidency
P. Kakkan Madras Presidency
A. Vaidyanatha Iyer Tamil Nadu
R. Chidambara Bharathi Tamil Nadu
Chempakaraman Pillai Kerala Went to Berlin, Germany, to organise an army to declare war against the British for India's freedom during the Indian Independence Movement.
Subramanya Siva Tamil Nadu
C. Subramaniam Tamil Nadu
V. S. Srinivasa Sastri He was a close follower of Gokhale. In 1924, he accompanied Annie Besant on a visit to England demanding Home Rule for India. He also participated in the first and second round table conferences.
V. Kalyanasundaram
Kittur Chennamma Karnataka Armed rebellion against the British.
Kalki Krishnamurthy Tamil Nadu
P. Varadarajulu Naidu
Rani Velu Nachiyar Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu Armed rebellion against British.
Maruthu Pandiyar Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu Armed rebellion against British.
G. A. Natesan
V. Subbiah Puducherry
Dheeran Chinnamalai Erode, Tamil Nadu Armed rebellion against British.
Muthulakshmi Reddi Social reformer, the first woman legislator in British India, the first Chairperson of the State Social Welfare Advisory Board.
Lakshmi Sahgal Madras Presidency

References[edit]

  1. ^ Swami Rajesh Chopra. "Liveindia". Liveindia. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Indian Freedom fighters". Indianfreedomfighters.in. 1947-08-15. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Stamp Information, Postage stamp issued by Govt. of India in 1991". 
  4. ^ "List of Freedom Fighters from Bhind District" (pdf). Office of District Magistrate (DM) / Collector, Bhind, (M.P.). p. 3. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Archives of Empire: From the East ... - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 

External links[edit]