Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation
|Parent||Indianapolis Public Transportation Commission|
|Headquarters||1501 West Washington Street|
|Service area||Indianapolis and Marion County|
|Fuel type||Diesel and Diesel-Electric Hybrid|
|Chief executive||Michael Terry|
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (March 2008)|
IndyGo's history begins in 1953, when the city's streetcar system was converted to bus routes, most of which followed the same routes as used by the streetcars. The city of Indianapolis took over public transportation in 1975 and established the Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation to administer bus services. The corporation originally operated buses under the name Metro Bus; the IndyGo name was adopted in 1996. Portions of the system were briefly privatized in the 1990s, but the move proved unpopular, and all operations were ultimately taken over by the city.
IndyGo has seen a near-constant trend of decreasing ridership since the 1970s and continues to explore options for revitalization. "Express" bus routes were used in the 1980s as an attempt to gain more middle-class riders from outlying areas, but the routes were largely discontinued by the early 2000s (decade). In the fall of 2007 IndyGo resumed express routes including one to Indianapolis International Airport.
IndyGo operates 30 fixed routes with some 5,000 stops, bus frequency varying on the popularity of the route. The system carries approximately 9 million passengers annually, traveling a total distance of about 9 million miles. While IndyGo provides bus service primarily in Indianapolis, certain IndyGo fixed routes extend south of the city into Johnson County.
The Blue Line downtown circulator route was added in 2005 to attract passengers and saw considerable ridership. In late 2006, IndyGo complemented the Blue Line with the introduction of the Red Line, which runs between Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis and downtown, with 15 minute frequency. The Blue Line’s ridership declined as federal funding allotted for the route ran out, and the route was discontinued after December 31, 2007; the Red Line remained a free route until January 2009, when it became a regularly priced route. The Red Line is set to retire in the Fall of 2015 when then Downtown Transit Center opens which means that IUPUI service will be covered by Routes 3, 10, and 37, along with 15 minute frequency on Michigan St. and New York St.;
In the fall of 2007 IndyGo introduced an express route operated by a contractor, using ADA-accessible MCI J4500 motor coaches, the route running from downtown to the northern suburb of Fishers in Hamilton County, the most populous suburban county of Indianapolis. In March 2008 an additional express route to Carmel (also in Hamilton County) was launched, followed in March 2009 by express service to Greenwood, a southern suburb in Johnson County. The ICE Express Routes to Greenwood, Fishers, and Carmel were discontinued in 2010 after their federal grants expired. Shortly thereafter, the Central Indiana Regional Transportation Authority (CIRTA) established Commuter Connect, an express bus operation. Commuter Connect currently operates on weekdays during rush hour periods only, transporting passengers between downtown Indianapolis and park and ride lots in Carmel and Fishers.
Prior to 1997, the buses that were in service at the time they had three greenish-blue stripes immediately below the windows and the word "Metro" near the front door. From 1997-2010 on the Phantoms and Low-Floor Coaches, they were painted white with one large dark green stripe on the right front window and one light green stripe over the first Window on the left side, dome of the newer ones from 2005 and 2007 had it painted in the back. Since 2010, all buses have been painted white and have a sleek blue cap at the top of them, along with green which is only on the hybrids, some of the ones from 2003 and 2007 have banner advertisements thrown over them, some currently on them is the Green Recycling, Ken Nunn,St. Cancer Center, Talk to Tucker Housing, and the Pacer's which can be seen on the Articulated Coaches
- 1986–2006: Orion I single-door coaches.
- 1996–2000: Metrotrans Eurotrans coaches.
- 2001-2025: 2000 Gillig Low Floors, these buses were only 29-foot (8.8 m) long; they were retired because they held fewer people and had a higher cost in fuel per mile.
- 9705, 9803, 9807: 1997 and 1998 Gillig Phantom coaches. These are the oldest buses used by IndyGo. Only 3 remain in service as of March 2015.
- 9901-9928: Novabus, IndyGo purchased these in 2013 to replace the aging fleet of Gillig Phantoms that were still in service at the time.
- 0130-0140: New Flyer Industries Low Floor, these buses were purchased at the same time as the Nova Buses were purchased.
- 0201-0216: Articuluated coaches, these buses were purchased to hold more passengers on much more busier routes, they are 60 ft. long.
- 2026-2074: 2000 Gillig Low-Floor coaches. These are the oldest Low Floors in Service, they come in a lengths of 35 ft and 40 ft.
- 2301-2324: 2003 Gillig Low-Floor Coaches, they only come in a length of 40 ft, these look similar to the ones that were purchased in 2000.
- 2401H-2403H: 2004 Gillig Hybrid bus, there are only 3 buses that were bought in 2004,
- 2701-2710: 2007 Gillig Low-Floor Coaches,these buses only come in a length of a 40 ft, they look exactly like the ones from 2003 and 2000,except the back looks a tad bit different.
- 1001-1011: 2010 Gillig Low Floor Coaches, these new Gilligs were purchased in 2010 and featured significant design changes from previous models.
- H1012-H1022: 2010 Gillig Hybrid Low-Floors, these buses were purchased because they save on fuel and they are cleaner for the environment
- H1301-H1304: 2013 Gillig Hybrid Low-Floors, these are just like the hybrids from 2010.
- 1401-1412: 2014 Gillig Low-Floor Coaches, these are the neweset buses purchased by IndyGo, there are really no significant design changes, as they look similar to the ones from 2010, one thing that is different about them though is whenever they go under a tunnel or at night the brightness on the head sign and side sign will change so riders can see it better and they don't have to worry about it flashing right in their face
IndyGo also operates 40 Flexible Service vans and employs a contractor to operate an additional 40.
- "Fourth Quarter 2013" (PDF). Public Transportation Ridership Report. American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- IndyGo News Release: IndyGo to discontinue Blue Line, highlight future enhancements
- IndyGo board approves fare increases
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