Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation
|Parent||Indianapolis Public Transportation Commission|
|Headquarters||1501 West Washington Street|
|Service area||Indianapolis and Marion County|
|Fuel type||Diesel and Diesel-Electric Hybrid|
|Chief executive||Michael Terry|
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (March 2008)|
IndyGo's history begins in 1953, when the city's streetcar system was converted to bus routes, most of which followed the same routes as used by the streetcars. The city of Indianapolis took over public transportation in 1975 and established the Indianapolis Public Transportation Corporation to administer bus services. The corporation originally operated buses under the name Metro Bus; the IndyGo name was adopted in 1996. Portions of the system were briefly privatized in the 1990s, but the move proved unpopular, and all operations were ultimately taken over by the city.
IndyGo has seen a near-constant trend of decreasing ridership since the 1970s and continues to explore options for revitalization. "Express" bus routes were used in the 1980s as an attempt to gain more middle-class riders from outlying areas, but the routes were largely discontinued by the early 2000s (decade). In the fall of 2007 IndyGo resumed express routes including one to Indianapolis International Airport.
IndyGo operates 30 fixed routes with some 5,000 stops, bus frequency varying on the popularity of the route. The system carries approximately 9 million passengers annually, traveling a total distance of about 9 million miles. While IndyGo provides bus service primarily in Indianapolis, certain IndyGo fixed routes extend south of the city into Johnson County.
The Blue Line downtown circulator route was added in 2005 to attract passengers and saw considerable ridership. In late 2006, IndyGo complemented the Blue Line with the introduction of the Red Line, which runs between Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis and downtown. The Blue Line’s ridership declined as federal funding allotted for the route ran out, and the route was discontinued after December 31, 2007; the Red Line remained a free route until January 2009, when it became a regularly priced route.
In the fall of 2007 IndyGo introduced an express route operated by a contractor, using ADA-accessible MCI J4500 motor coaches, the route running from downtown to the northern suburb of Fishers in Hamilton County, the most populous suburban county of Indianapolis. In March 2008 an additional express route to Carmel (also in Hamilton County) was launched, followed in March 2009 by express service to Greenwood, a southern suburb in Johnson County. The ICE Express Routes to Greenwood, Fishers, and Carmel were discontinued in 2010 after their federal grants expired. Shortly thereafter, the Central Indiana Regional Transportation Authority (CIRTA) established Commuter Connect, an express bus operation. Commuter Connect currently operates on weekdays during rush hour periods only, transporting passengers between downtown Indianapolis and park and ride lots in Carmel and Fishers.
- 1986–2006: Orion I single-door coaches. Prior to 1997, these buses were painted white with three greenish-blue stripes immediately below the windows and the word "METRO" near the front door.
- 1996–2000: Metrotrans Eurotrans coaches.
- 1997–present: Gillig Phantom coaches. These are the oldest buses currently used by IndyGo. They remain in service on the busiest routes.
- 2000–present: Gillig Low-Floor & Hybrid coaches. These are the most common buses used by IndyGo. The first models arrived in 2000 and exist in varying lengths.
- 2000–present: Ebus electric coaches
- 2005–present: New Flyer Industries Low-Floor coaches
- 2013-present: Articuluated coaches 
IndyGo also operates 40 Flexible Service vans and employs a contractor to operate an additional 40.
- "Fourth Quarter 2013". Public Transportation Ridership Report. American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- IndyGo News Release: IndyGo to discontinue Blue Line, highlight future enhancements
- IndyGo board approves fare increases
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