Indianola, Iowa

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Indianola, Iowa
City
Warren County Courthouse in Indianola
Warren County Courthouse in Indianola
Motto: "Connecting To What Matters"[1]
Location of Indianola, Iowa
Location of Indianola, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°21′42″N 93°33′47″W / 41.36167°N 93.56306°W / 41.36167; -93.56306Coordinates: 41°21′42″N 93°33′47″W / 41.36167°N 93.56306°W / 41.36167; -93.56306
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Warren
Area[2]
 • Total 11.25 sq mi (29.14 km2)
 • Land 11.25 sq mi (29.14 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 968 ft (295 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 14,782
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 14,947
 • Density 1,314.0/sq mi (507.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50125
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-38280
GNIS feature ID 0457810
Website City of Indianola, Iowa

Indianola is a city in Warren County, Iowa, United States, 18 miles south of Des Moines. The population was 14,782 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Warren County.[5]

History[edit]

Indianola was founded in 1849 as the county seat of Warren County. The town was located near the geographic center of the new county. The town's name was taken from a newspaper account of a Texas town of the same name.[6]

Indianola was incorporated in 1863.[7]

Geography[edit]

Indianola is located at 41°21′42″N 93°33′47″W / 41.36167°N 93.56306°W / 41.36167; -93.56306 (41.361756, -93.562987).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.25 square miles (29.14 km2), all of it land.[2]

The Summerset Trail's southern terminus at Indianola.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Indianola
historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1860 836 —    
1870 1,428 +70.8%
1880 2,146 +50.3%
1890 2,254 +5.0%
1900 3,261 +44.7%
1910 3,283 +0.7%
1920 3,628 +10.5%
1930 3,488 −3.9%
1940 4,123 +18.2%
1950 5,145 +24.8%
1960 7,062 +37.3%
1970 8,852 +25.3%
1980 10,843 +22.5%
1990 11,340 +4.6%
2000 12,998 +14.6%
2010 14,782 +13.7%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 

In 2005, a special census was conducted that revised Indianola's population to 14,156.[10][11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,782 people, 5,477 households, and 3,579 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,314.0 inhabitants per square mile (507.3 /km2). There were 5,893 housing units at an average density of 523.8 per square mile (202.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 5,477 households of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.7% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 34.1 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 22.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 12,998 people, 4,748 households, and 3,261 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,414.7 people per square mile (546.1/km²). There were 4,981 housing units at an average density of 542.1 per square mile (209.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.92% White, 0.40% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 4,748 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94.

Age spread: 23.8% under the age of 18, 15.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,725, and the median income for a family was $52,238. Males had a median income of $36,945 versus $24,401 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,574. About 5.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Indianola is also the home of the National Balloon Classic and National Balloon Museum.

Points of interest[edit]

Buxton Park Arboretum
Gazebo and flower gardens in Buxton Park Arboretum
National Balloon Museum
National Hot Air Balloon Museum

Education[edit]

Public school system[edit]

Indianola is served by the Indianola Community School District.

Indianola has four elementary schools:

  • Whittier
  • Emerson
  • Irving
  • Laura Ingalls Wilder Elementary

Indianola Middle School is the only middle school.
Indianola High School is the only senior high school.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Simpson College, a liberal arts college of the United Methodist Church, is in Indianola, and was founded in 1860.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Indianola, Illinois". City of Indianola, Illinois. Retrieved August 31, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ http://www.co.warren.ia.us/History.htm Warren County History
  7. ^ The History of Warren County, Iowa: Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, &c, Volume 1. Higginson Book Company. 1879. p. 482. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Warren County Conservation Board. Summerset Trail.
  10. ^ Revised 2000 Census Population and Housing Counts for Iowa Places and Counties.
  11. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/286084/Indianola
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Luther, Claudia (December 3, 2004). "Emma Johnston, 114; Ohioan Was Oldest Living American". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 

External links[edit]