The community of Indians in Germany includes Indian expatriates in Germany, as well as German citizens of Indian origin or descent. In 2009, the German government estimated that the number of people of Indian descent residing in Germany at 110,204. Of which 43,175 people were holding an Indian passport, while 67,029 were holding a German passport.
In the 1950s and 1960s numerous Indian men came to study in Germany. Some of them returned to India; most of them stayed in Germany for work. In the late 1960s and 1970s, many Malayali Catholic women from Kerala were recruited by the German Catholic institutions to work as nurses in German hospitals. Until 1973, when Germany ceased issuing working visas for guest workers, German companies hired many Indians as engineers. In 2001, the German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder issued the German green card for IT professionals, which brought another 20,000 Indians to Germany. Indian IT professionals working in Germany on green cards are primarily men. 2001 statistics showed just 7.8% were women.
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Goel, Urmila (2008), "The Seventieth Anniversary of 'John Matthew': On 'Indian' Christians in Germany", in Jacobsen, Knut A.; Raj, Selva J., South Asian Christian Diaspora: Invisible Diaspora in Europe and North America, Ashgate Publishing, pp. 57–74, ISBN978-0-7546-6261-7
Goel, Urmila (2008), "The German Internet Portal Indernet: A Space for Multiple Belongingness", in Goggin, Gerard; McLelland, Mark, Internationalizing Internet Studies: Beyond Anglophone Paradigms, Routledge advances in internationalizing media studies 2, Taylor & Francis, pp. 128–144, ISBN978-0-415-95625-3