There is a small community of people of Indian origin living in Uganda, but this is a far cry from their heyday. In the late 1800s, mostly Sikhs, were brought on 3 year contracts, with the aid of Imperial British contractor Alibhai Mulla Jeevanjee to build the Uganda Railway from Mombasa to Kisumu by 1901, and to Kampala by 1931. Some died, while others returned to India after the end of their contracts, but few chose to stay. They were joined by Gujarati traders called "passenger Indians", both Hindu and Muslim free migrants who came to serve the economic needs of the indentured labourers, and to capitalise on the economic opportunities.
As a result, many Indians migrated to the United Kingdom, the United States and elsewhere and began rebuilding their lives. However, since Idi Amin's death more Indians who were born in Uganda started migrating back.