Inditex

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Industria de Diseño Textil, S.A.
Type Sociedad Anónima
Traded as BMADITX
ISIN ES0148396015
Industry Retailing
Predecessors
  • Confecciones GOA, S.A.
  • GOASAM, S.A.
Founded Arteixo, Spain (June 12, 1985 (1985-06-12))
Founders Amancio Ortega
Rosalía Mera
Headquarters Arteixo, Spain
Number of locations 6393 stores (April 2014)
Area served Global
Key people Pablo Isla (Chairman and CEO)
Ignacio Fernández (CFO)
Products Apparel/footwear specialty, other specialty
Revenue 13.79 billion (2011)[1]
Operating income €2.522 billion (2011)[1]
Profit €2.367 billion (2012)[2]
Total assets €12.890 billion (2011)[2]
Total equity €7.455 billion (2011)[1]
Employees 120,314 (2012)[2]
Subsidiaries Zara, Pull and Bear, Bershka, Massimo Dutti, Stradivarius, Oysho, Zara Home, Uterqüe, Tempe
Website www.inditex.com

Industria de Diseño Textil, S.A. (Inditex) (/ˌɪndɪˈtɛks/, Spanish: [indiˈteks]; Textile Design Industries) is a Spanish multinational clothing company headquartered in Arteixo, Galicia. It is made up of almost a hundred companies dealing in activities related to textile design, production and distribution. Amancio Ortega, Spain's richest man, and the world's third richest man, is the founder and current largest shareholder. The current chairman of Inditex is Pablo Isla.

Inditex, the biggest fashion group in the world, operates over 6,200 stores worldwide[3] and owns brands like Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Oysho, Pull and Bear, Stradivarius, Zara, Tempe and Uterqüe, and also a low-cost brand Lefties. The majority of its stores are corporate-owned; Franchises are only conceded in countries where corporate properties can not be foreign-owned (in some Middle Eastern countries, for example).

The group designs and manufactures almost everything by itself, and new designs are dispatched twice a week to Zara stores.

Most manufacturing is now in low labour cost countries, mainly in Morocco, China, and Turkey, although much production continues in Spain and Portugal, particularly for its Zara brand. In addition, Inditex has a factory for shoe design, production and distribution in the town of Elche, on the Spanish Mediterranean coast.

History[edit]

The company started by introducing a new concept of fashion design: instead of long-lasting pieces of clothing, they offered a great variety at affordable prices. In the beginning, Zara became famous by offering clothing at low prices and then slowly worked its way up to match the quality of today's best brands.

The group started its activity in 1963 as a dress maker, but it wasn't until 1975 that Zara shop opened its doors in 1975 in A Coruña (Galicia, Spain), the city which saw the group's early beginnings and which is now home to its central offices.

The international expansion of the group began in 1988, with Inditex opening its first foreign store in Oporto, Portugal. Today, Inditex's stores can be seen in places like New York's Fifth Avenue, Milan's Piazza Duomo, London's Regent Street and Oxford Street, Frankfurt's Zeil, Shanghai's Nanjing West Road, Tokyo's Shibuya, Istanbul's Nişantaşı, Seoul's Myeong-dong, and Vienna's Kärntner Straße.

In the 1990s, Inditex began creating or acquiring subsidiaries to manage different collections: Bershka, Pull and Bear, Massimo Dutti, and Stradivarius.

In May 2001, Inditex turned into a publicly traded company, being valued at US$8 billion (€9 billion at the time).[4]

Inditex won the 2006 Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award for their innovative and successful implementation of information technology to drastically decrease the time it takes to get new merchandise from the design stage to the in-store stage.[citation needed]

In 2008, Inditex launched Uterqüe, the new accessories brand of the company. Three inaugural flagship stores were opened in Madrid (Calle Serrano), Barcelona (Passeig de Gràcia) and A Coruña.

On 22 September 2008, Inditex opened its 4,000th store in the Ginza in Tokyo, considered one of the most important shopping areas in the world.[citation needed]

In 2010, Zara had sales of € 12.5 billion, with only twice a year newspaper advertisements.[5]

On 20 April 2011, the first Zara flagship opened in Australia. Thus, the Inditex group was present for the first time on five continents, and in 86 countries.

After the 2013 Savar building collapse, Inditex was one of the thirty-eight companies who signed the Accord on Factory and Building Safety in Bangladesh.

Subsidiaries[edit]

Inditex Global Presence
  • Zara - Flagship store.[5] It encompasses many different styles, from daily clothes, more informal, to the more serious or formal, through dresses and suits for festival events. Fashion for women, men and children.
  • Zara Kids - Kids Clothing from 0 to 14 years old.
  • Pull and Bear - This brand focuses on casual, laid-back clothing and accessories for young people with a very urban style, at accessible prices.
  • Bershka - Starting in 1998, this store began distributing fashion for girls, and, more recently, for boys too. It also has a youthful style, although not as urban as Pull & Bear.
  • Massimo Dutti - The highlights of this chain are more elegant, classic, and studied designs, for daily and formal clothes. It is more expensive than the rest of stores of the group. It offers fashion for women, men and, recently, for children.
  • Stradivarius – This brand has an innovative concept in fashion,[citation needed] targeting young women with clothing garments and accessories.
  • Oysho - Women's homewear and undergarments.
  • Zara Home - Domestic merchandise
  • Uterqüe - Accessories and garments
  • Tempe - Footwear
Company No. of shops (30/04/2014)[6] Year of creation
Zara 1996 1975
Bershka 935 1998
Pull and Bear 865 1991
Stradivarius 820 1999 (acquired)
Massimo Dutti 669 1995 (acquired)
Oysho 539 2001
Zara Home 406 2003
Uterqüe 80 2008
TOTAL 6393

Corporate affairs[edit]

Headquarters[edit]

Inditex headquarters are located in Sabón industrial park in Arteixo, a small industrial town in the A Coruña metropolitan area.

Shareholding[edit]

The majority shareholders of Inditex are its co-founders - Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera; Ortega owns 59% of the company through Gartler, S.L. (50%) and Partler, S.L. (9%) and Mera's heirs own 6% of the company through Rosp Corunna Participaciones Empresariales, S.L..

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Annual Report 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). Inditex. Retrieved 25 April 2011. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Inditex. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Grupo INDITEX - Nuestro Grupo". Inditex. 2008-11-10. Retrieved 2008-11-10. [dead link]
  4. ^ Inside Zara Forbes Global
  5. ^ a b Chevalier, Michel (2012). Luxury Brand Management. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9. 
  6. ^ "Presencia internacional". inditex.com. 2014-04-30. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 

External links[edit]

Official
Financial
Articles