|Molar mass||128.83 g/mol|
|Melting point||1,100 °C (2,010 °F; 1,370 K)|
|Band gap||0.65 eV (300 K)|
|Electron mobility||3200 cm2/(V.s) (300 K)|
|Thermal conductivity||45 W/(m.K) (300 K)|
Refractive index (nD)
|Crystal structure||Wurtzite (hexagonal)|
|Lattice constant||a = 354.5 pm, c = 570.3 pm |
|Main hazards||Irritant, hydrolysis to ammonia|
|EU Index||Not listed|
|Indium gallium nitride
Indium gallium aluminium nitride
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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The bandgap of InN has now been established as ~0.7 eV depending on temperature (the obsolete value is 1.97 eV). The effective electron mass has been recently determined by high magnetic field measurements , m*=0.055 m0. Alloyed with GaN, the ternary system InGaN has a direct bandgap span from the infrared (0.69 eV) to the ultraviolet (3.4 eV).
Currently there is research into developing solar cells using the nitride based semiconductors. Using the alloy indium gallium nitride (InGaN), an optical match to the solar spectrum is obtained. The bandgap of InN allows a wavelengths as long as 1900 nm to be utilized. However, there are many difficulties to be overcome if such solar cells are to become a commercial reality. p-type doping of InN and indium-rich InGaN is one of the biggest challenges. Heteroepitaxial growth of InN with other nitrides (GaN, AlN) has proved to be difficult.
Thin polycrystalline films of indium nitride can be highly conductive and even superconductive at helium temperatures. The superconducting transition temperature Tc depends on the film structure and is below 4 K. The superconductivity persists under high magnetic field (few teslas) that differs from superconductivity in In metal which is quenched by fields of only 0.03 tesla. Nevertheless, the superconductivity is attributed to metallic indium chains or nanoclusters, where the small size increases the critical magnetic field according to the Ginzburg–Landau theory.
- Pichugin, I.G., Tiachala, M. Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 14 (1978) 175.
- T. D. Veal, C. F. McConville, and W. J. Schaff (Eds), Indium Nitride and Related Alloys (CRC Press, 2009)
- V. Yu. Davydov et al. (2002). "Absorption and Emission of Hexagonal InN. Evidence of Narrow Fundamental Band Gap" (FREE DOWNLOAD PDF). Physica Status Solidi (b) 229: R1. Bibcode:2002PSSBR.229....1D. doi:10.1002/1521-3951(200202)229:3<r1::aid-pssb99991>3.0.co;2-o.
- Goiran, Michel; et al.,, (2010). "Electron cyclotron effective mass in indium nitride". APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 96: 052117. Bibcode:2010ApPhL..96e2117G. doi:10.1063/1.3304169.
- Millot, Marius; et al., (2011). "Determination of effective mass in InN by high-field oscillatory magnetoabsorption spectroscopy". Phys. Rev. B 83: 125204. Bibcode:2011PhRvB..83l5204M. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.125204.
- T. Inushima (2006). "Electronic structure of superconducting InN". Sci. Techn. Adv. Mater. (FREE DOWNLOAD PDF) 7 (S1): S112. Bibcode:2006STAdM...7S.112I. doi:10.1016/j.stam.2006.05.009.
- Tiras, E.; Gunes, M.; Balkan, N.; Airey, R.; Schaff, W. J. (2009). "Superconductivity in heavily compensated Mg-doped InN". Applied Physics Letters 94 (14): 142108. Bibcode:2009ApPhL..94n2108T. doi:10.1063/1.3116120.
- Komissarova, T. A.; Parfeniev, R. V.; Ivanov, S. V. (2009). "Comment on "Superconductivity in heavily compensated Mg-doped InN" [Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 142108 (2009)]". Applied Physics Letters 95 (8): 086101. Bibcode:2009ApPhL..95h6101K. doi:10.1063/1.3212864.
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