Duméril and Bibron, 1836
Hemidactylus garnotii, commonly known as the Indo-Pacific gecko, Garnot's house gecko or the fox gecko, is a species of gecko found in India, the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Australia, and throughout Polynesia. Adults are about 4 to 5 inches long, seen as dark gray or brown with light markings in daylight and a pale, translucent colour at night. The belly is orange or yellow. The head has a long, narrow snout, hence the name fox gecko. The flattened tail has a row of spiny scales on the lateral edges. The species is parthenogenic – all individuals are female and lay eggs that hatch without requiring male fertilisation.
In Hawaii, the species is thought to be a long-term resident. Formerly considered a house gecko, it has been displaced to natural habitats by the more recently arrived common house gecko. In Florida and Georgia it has become established as an invasive species of concern.
Snout obtusely pointed, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, 1.5 to 1.6 times the diameter of the orbit; forehead slightly concave; ear-opening small, rounded. Body and limbs moderate. A slight but distinct fold of the skin along the flanks, and another bordering the hind limb posteriorly. Digits free or with a very slight rudiment of web, moderately dilated, inner well developed; infradigital lamella oblique, 6 or 7 under the inner digits, 10 to 12 under the fourth finger, and 11 to 14 under the fourth toe. Upper surfaces and throat covered with minute granular scales, a little larger on the snout; abdominal scales moderate, imbricate. Rostral subquadraugular, with median cleft above; nostril pierced between the rostral and three nasals; 12 or 13 upper and 9 to 11 lower labials; mental large, triangular, in contact posteriorly with a pair of pentagonal chin-shields, followed by a second smaller pair; the anterior pair of chin-shields in contact with the first infralabial, and with each other mesially; the posterior pair separated from each other, and also completely or nearly completely from the labials. Tail depressed, flat beneath, with sharp denticulated lateral edge; the scales on the upper surface very small, equal; those on the lower surface larger, imbricate, with a median series of large, transversely dilated plates. Brownish grey above, uniform or with more or less distinct brown and whitish spots; lower surfaces uniform whitish.
From snout to vent 2.3 inches; tail 2.6.
A parthenogenetic species.
Sikkim, Burma, Malay Peninsula and Archipelago, South Pacific Islands.
NE India (Darjeeling, Assam, Sikkim), Nepal, Bhutan, Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), Malaysia, S China (Hong Kong, Guangdong, Hainan, S Yunnan), Taiwan, Philippine Islands, New Zealand (introduced), Indonesia (Sumatra, Nias, Borneo, Java), New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands, Polynesia, Fiji, Western Samoa.
Introduced into Hawaii, Florida, and the Bahamas.
Type locality: "l'Ile de Taiti [=Tahiti, French Polynesia]"
- "Birds and Plants of Kauai: The Gecko", by Linda Pascatore, 26 June 2008, accessed 6 February 2011
- Everglades CISMA Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area website, "Indo-Pacific Gecko" page, accessed 6 February 2011
- Georgia Invasive Species Task Force website, "Other Invasive Species of Concern in Georgia", accessed 6 February 2011
- Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia.
- Kluge, A.G. & Eckardt, "Hemidactylus garnotii Duméril & Bibron, a tripoid, all-female species of gekkonid lizard. Copeia 1969 (4): 651-664
- "Indo-Pacific Gecko". geckoweb. Finding species. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
- Crawford, Daniel M.; Somma, Louis A., 1993 "Hemidactylus garnotii (Indo-Pacific gecko)". USA: Florida Herpetological Review 24 (3): 108–109
- Meshaka, Walter E., Jr., "Hemidactylus garnotii". Herpetological Review 26 (2): 108
- Stoliczka, F., "Notes on new or little-known Indian lizards". Proc. asiat. Soc. Bengal (Calcutta) 1871: 192–195