Regions with significant populations
Caribbean Hindustani/ Bhojpuri/ Sarnami, Hindi, Dutch, Sranan Tongo and various other languages
Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Surinamese are an ethnic group of South Asian origin in Suriname. After the Dutch government signed a treaty with the United Kingdom on the recruitment of contract workers, Indians began migrating to Suriname in 1873 from what was then British India as indentured labourers, many from the modern-day Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and the surrounding regions. Just before and just after the independence of Suriname on 25 November 1975 many Indo-Surinamese emigrated to the Netherlands.
Etymology [ edit ]
Indo-Surinamese are also known locally as
Hindoestanen ( Dutch pronunciation: ), a [ˌɦɪnduˈstaːnə(n)] Dutch word derived from , a Hindustani Persian / Hindi / Bhojpuri word for someone from Hindustan ( India). Hence, when Indians migrated to Suriname they were referred to as Hindustanis, people from Indian origin.
During the heyday of the
British Raj/ Empire, many people from India were sent to other British colonies for work. After the abolition of slavery in the Dutch colony of Suriname, the Dutch were allowed by the British Raj to recruit labourers in certain parts of the North-Indian United Provinces.
Religion [ edit ]
The majority religion among the community is
Hinduism, practiced by the majority (70%) of the people, followed by Islam and Christianity. Among the Hindus about 60% follow traditional Hinduism that they call Sanatan Dharm to differentiate themselves from the 25% who belong to the reform movement Arya Samaj, started by Dayananda Saraswati. Among the Indian Muslims, 60% follow Sunni Islam and 40% Ahmadiyya.
Language [ edit ]
Sarnami Hindustani (a dialect of Bhojpuri).
Notable Indo-Surinamese in the Netherlands and Suriname [ edit ]
Errol Alibux, politician, former prime-minister of Suriname, suspect in the December murders trial Rabin Baldewsingh, writer, politician, deputy mayor of
Tanja Jadnanansing, Labour Party politician
Fareisa Joemmanbaks, model and actress
Jagernath Lachmon, politician, ex-Speaker of the National Assembly of Suriname
Luciano Narsingh, Dutch footballer Baal Oemrawsingh, biochemist
Rakesh Latchmansing, serial entrepreneur, author, trainer
Prem Radhakishun, famous reporter
Sandeep Oemraw, famous
Anil Ramdas, reporter Albert Ramdin, assistant secretary-general of the
Organization of American States
Chan Santokhi, ex-chief of police, Progressive Reform Party politician
Ram Sardjoe, politician, ex-Speaker of the National Assembly of Suriname
Badrissein Sital, ex-military officer, politician
Ricardo Kishna, soccer player
Dasit Mane, doctor, surgeon
References [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]