Indonesia–European Union relations
Cooperation between Indonesia and the European Union (EU) date back to the 1970s. Much of their cooperation takes place through Indonesia's membership of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Cooperation began in the 1970s and was formalised in the 1980 EC-ASEAN Agreement. The EU opened a delegation in Indonesia in 1988. Dialogue was relaunched in 2000 and political dialogue is now undertaken through annual ministerial meetings and regular senior officials meetings. After negotiations on a free trade agreement with ASEAN got increasingly difficult, the EU began pursuing negotiations with individual ASEAN states. The EU is now attempting to pursue a free trade deal with Indonesia. A specific EU-Indonesia Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA) was signed in 2009 to improve co-operation in a wide range of fields, including trade, environment, energy, education, science and technology, migration and counter-terrorism. The EU also has a range of other development programmes in Indonesia.
Indonesia is a founding member the ASEAN and represents half its GDP and population. However, it is only the EU's fourth largest trading partner within ASEAN. However, ASEAN as a whole is the EU's third largest trading partner. The EU is Indonesia's fourth largest trading partner (more than 10% of its external trade).
|EU – Indonesia trade in 2010|
|Direction of trade||Goods||Services||Investment flow||Investment stocks|
|EU to Indonesia||€6.4 billion||€2 billion||€1.5 billion||€17.5 billion|
|Indonesia to EU||€13.7 billion||€1.3 billion||€-0.1 billion||€-2.6 billion|
Indonesia is in a major earthquake zone; ECHO, the humanitarian aid department of the European Commission, provides emergency aid in the wake of natural catastrophes. Following the devastating 2009 Sumatra earthquakes, the EU allocated €3 million to help the emergency response and humanitarian relief efforts.
The Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM), established by the EU according to the Memorandum of Understanding between former Acehnese rebel movement GAM and the Government of Indonesia on 15 August 2005. The AMM is once of many missions under the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy. The Aceh Monitoring Mission, led by Mr Pieter Feith from the EU, has been established to monitor the implementation of various aspects of the peace agreement set out in the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) on 15 August 2005 in Helsinki, Finland. The European Union, together with five contributing countries from ASEAN (Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines and Singapore), Norway and Switzerland, are providing monitors for the peace process in Aceh (Indonesia).
- Republic of Indonesia, European External Action Service
- Political & Economic Relations, EU delegation to Indonesia
- Bilateral relations Indonesia, European Commission
- Humanitarian Aid, EU delegation to Indonesia
- "EU, Asian peace monitors arrive for Aceh mission" - Forbes
- EU delegation to Indonesia (details on trade and cooperation)
- Indonesia and the EU: A relationship in 3D, The Jakarta Post