|Type||Public limited company|
|Industry||Aerospace and Defense|
|Founded||August 23rd 1976, based on the Notary Act 15 on April 26th 1976 , Jakarta
(on August 24th 2000, the company took on current name, Bandung)
Indonesian Aerospace (IAe) (Indonesian: PT. Dirgantara Indonesia (DI)) is an Indonesian aerospace company in Asia involved in aircraft design, development and manufacturing of civilian and military regional commuter aircraft. The company was formerly known as Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara (IPTN). It was expanded from a research and industrial facility under the Indonesian Air Force, namely Lembaga Industri Penerbangan Nurtanio (LIPNUR).
Established in 1976 as a state owned company, it has developed its capability as aircraft manufacturer and diversified into other area such as Telecommunication, Automotive, Maritime, Information Technology, Oil & Gas, Control & Automation, Military, Simulation Technology, Industrial Turbine, and Engineering Services. It is the only one aircraft manufacturer in South East Asia.
- 1 History
- 2 IAe Services
- 3 IAe Facilities
- 4 Products
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Though aircraft production in Indonesia existed before Independence in 1945, the National Aviation Industry was pioneered in 1946 at Yogyakarta by the formation of Planning and Construction Bureau (Indonesian: Biro Rencana dan Konstruksi) within The Indonesian Air Force. Wiweko Soepono, Nurtanio Pringgoadisurjo, and J. Sumarsono, opened a simple workshop at Magetan, near Madiun. With basic materials, gliders were designed and built -- Zogling, NWG-1 (Nurtanio Wiweko Glider) among others.
The war for independence, however, halted all progress until 1953. In that year, The Experimental Section (Seksi Percobaan) was organized. Consisting of only 15 personnel, led by Nurtanio Pringgoadisurjo, The team built and tested three prototypes of a single-seat all metal aircraft at Andir Airport (Later renamed to Husein Sastranegara International Airport) in Bandung.
Later on April 24, 1957, The Experimental Section graduated into The Inspection, Trial, and Production Sub-Depot (Indonesian: Sub Depot Penyelidikan, Percobaan dan Pembuatan) based on Decision Letter of Indonesian Air Force Chief of Staff number 68.
Finally in 1958, a light training aircraft prototype named Belalang 89, or Grasshopper 89, was flown. The design was later produced as Belalang 90. 5 Belalang 90 were built and used for military training. On the side note, within the same year, a sport plane, "Kunang 25", was also built and flown.
On August 1, 1960, by the order of Indonesian Air Force Chief of Staff (order #488), The Aviation Industry Preparation Body was to be formed to envision the birth of the National Aircraft Industry. Within months, the new body, known as LAPIP (Lembaga Persiapan Industri Penerbangan) since December 16, 1961, was actively negotiating for technological transfers and contracts.
LAPIP was able to secured a joint licensing and production contract with Poland. Within the same year, Indonesia was producing PZL-104 Wilga or locally named Gelatik. 44 were produced for agriculture, transport, and aero club purposes.
In 1965, Aircraft Industry Project Implementation Command (Komando Pelaksana Proyek Industri Pesawat Terbang (KOPELAPIP)) and Independent Aircraft Industry National Company (PN. Industri Pesawat Terbang Berdikari) were formed to expand and formulate specific uses of the young aviation industry.
Within the same timeline, Aviation Study(ies) were promoted in the country top universities. One of the first schools was founded within The Machine Department of The Engineering Faculty of Institut Teknologi Bandung ITB by Oetarjo Diran and Liem Keng Kie.
Nurtanio Aircraft Industry
On April 26, 1976, mandated by Government's Act No. 15, in Jakarta, PT. Industri Pesawat Terbang Nurtanio was officially established with Dr. BJ. Habibie as the President Director. The infrastructure was completed and inaugurated on August 23, 1976 by President Suharto. The new body was a merge between Nurtanio Aviation Industry Body (Lembaga Industri Penerbangan Nurtanio/LIPNUR) and Pertamina's Advanced Technology Division.
The name Nurtanio is a tribute to Nurtanio Pringgoadisuryo, one of the first aviation pioneers in Indonesia, who designed the Sikumbang, an indigenous all metal aircraft (maiden flight: August 1, 1954).
In March 1966, Nurtanio Pringgoadisurjo died in a flight testing accident. The Aviation Industry Preparation Body was then renamed to Nurtanio Aviation Industry Body (Indonesian: Lembaga Industri Penerbangan Nurtanio (Abbreviated as LIPNUR)).
Nusantara Aircraft Industry
The exclusion of "Nurtanio" from IPTN was due to some highly questionable accusations. One of the allegations was a personal use of company's letterhead by Nurtanio's family to appropriate some IPTN stocks. None was proven true.
Dirgantara Indonesia / Indonesian Aerospace
Following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, a major restructuring program was implemented. At its peak, in 2004, the Indonesian Aerospace reduced its payroll from 9670 to 3720. Furthermore, the 18 business divisions were reorganized into the following:
- Aircraft Services
- Engineering Services
The restructuring focused on new business goals, downsizing and adaptive man-powering according to available workloads, and a pinpoint market targeting along with a concentrated business mission.[clarification needed]
The IPTN was re-introduced as PT. Dirgantara Indonesia (abbreviated DI) or Indonesian Aerospace (abbreviated IAe). IAe was officially inaugurated by the President of Indonesia, Abdurrahman Wahid, in Bandung on August 24, 2000.
In July 4, 2011 Indonesia's government said will inject Rp.2 trillion ($234 million) to Indonesian Aerospace to keep the debt-ridden firm afloat with possibility make joint venture with EADS. Before injection the unpaid debt to government value Rp.1.1 trillion ($129 million).
- Engineering work packages; design, development, testing
- Manufacturing subcontracts
- Aircraft Maintenance Repair and Overhaul (MRO)
- Engine Maintenance and Overhaul (MRO)
Indonesian Aerospace covers an area of 86,98 ha. The backbone of the production are sustained by 232 high tech machineries and equipments. Apart from these, there are other minor high-tech equipments spread over in various assembly lines, laboratories, and service & maintenance units. They are located mainly in Bandung.
Indonesian Aerospace and its precursors
(PT Dirgantara Indonesia (DI) - (IAe) Indonesian Aerospace)
(Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesia, Depot Penjelidikan, Pertjobaan dan Pembuatan - Indonesian Air force research, development, and production depot)
- NU-200 Sikumbang
- NU-225 Sikumbang (X-09)
- NU-260 Sikumbang (X-02)
- Belalang 85 (X-03) - converted Piper J-3 Cub
- Belalang 90 - converted Piper J-3 Cub
- Kunang 25 (X-04)
- Super Kunang 35 (X-05 and X-07)
- Kindjeng 150 (X-06)
- B-8m Kolentang2 - based on Bensen B-8
(Lembaga Industri Penerbangan Nurtanio - Nurtanio Aviation Industry Body)
- LIPNUR LT-200 Angkatang (Pazmany PL-2)
- LIPNUR Belalang
- LIPNUR Kindjeng
- LIPNUR Kolentang
- LIPNUR Kumbang
- LIPNUR Kunang
- LIPNUR Kunang-kunang
- LIPNUR Manyang
- LIPNUR Sikumbang
- LIPNUR Super Kunang I
- LIPNUR Super Kunang II
- CASA-Nurtanio CN-235
IAe Aircraft production
- CASA/IPTN CN-235 Civil, Military, and Maritime Version (Joint Development with CASA).
- Indonesian Aerospace N-219 (CASA C-212 Aviocar) The first wind tunnel testing has been done in March 2010.
- Indonesian Aerospace N-250 A prototype commercial turboprop aircraft, discontinued due 1997 Asian financial crisis
- Indonesian Aerospace N-2130 Planned commercial jet aircraft, discontinued due 1997 Asian financial crisis before making prototype.
- Joint-production aircraft
- KAI KF-X, 20 percent IAe and 80 percent KAI shares, a multirole fighter, more advanced than F-16 E/F but still below F-35.
- Licence-built aircraft
- NAS 330J, a licensed produced Aérospatiale Puma helicopter.
- NAS 332, a licensed produced Eurocopter Super Puma helicopter.
- Eurocopter EC725, 6 helicopters for Indonesian Air Force.
- NB 412, a licensed produced Bell 412 helicopter.
- NBO 105, a licensed produced Bölkow Bo 105 helicopter, discontinued in July 2011 after 123 units production since 1976.
- Eurocopter Fennec as replacement of NBO 105 production line.
- Eurocopter Ecureuil as replacement of NBO 105 production line.
- NC 212, a licensed produced CASA C.212 Aviocar aircraft.
IAe Subcontracts for aircraft components
- Component of Airbus A330.
- Component of Airbus A340.
- Wing Component of Airbus A380.
- Component of Boeing 737.
- Component of Boeing 757.
- Component of Boeing 767.
- Component of F-16 Fighting Falcon.
- Component of Fokker F100.
- FFAR[disambiguation needed] 2.75 inch rocket under Belgium's license.
- NDL-40 Ground-to-Ground Rocket Multi Launcher.
- "CN-235 TNI versi Winglet". March 10, 2013.
- "CN-235 Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft". April 13, 2013.
- Menristek: Indonesia Akan Produksi Pesawat N219, N245 dan N270
- "PT DI Lanjutkan Pengembangan Pesawat N250 Besutan BJ Habibie". February 5, 2013.
- "PTDI to supply six ec725 choppers to air force". April 10, 2012.
- "Eurocopter receives first main fuselage assembly from Indonesian Aerospace for EC725 & EC225". November 27, 2013.
- Airbus Military and PT Dirgantara Indonesia Sign Agreement to Launch Upgraded Version of C212
- Airbus Military Transfers C212 Production to Indonesia
- "Joint Production NC-212i PT.DI Dan Airbus". March 27, 2013.
- Official website
- IPTN Profile from Industry Department
- Nurtanio reminiscences
- History of Indonesian Aviation