Indonesia Stock Exchange

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Indonesia Stock Exchange
Bursa Efek Indonesia
Indonesia Stock Exchange.jpg
Type Stock exchange
Location Jakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°13′24.00″S 106°48′30.60″E / 6.2233333°S 106.8085000°E / -6.2233333; 106.8085000
Founded December 1912
Key people Ito Warsito (CEO)
I Nyoman Tjager (Chairman)
Currency IDR
Website IDX.co.id

Indonesia Stock Exchange (Indonesian: Bursa Efek Indonesia) is a stock exchange based in Jakarta, Indonesia. It was previously known as Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX) before its name changed in 2007 after merging with Surabaya Stock Exchange (SSX). As end of 2012, the Indonesia Stock Exchange had 462 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of $426.78 billion.

Currently, the index's all-time high level is at 5,214.98 points on May 20, 2013.

History[edit]

Originally opened in 1912 under the Dutch colonial government, it was re-opened in 1977 after several closures during World War I and World War II. After being reopened in 1977, the exchange was under the management of the newly created Capital Market Supervisory Agency (Badan Pengawas Pasar Modal, or Bapepam), which answered to the Ministry of Finance. Trading activity and market capitalization grew alongside the development of Indonesia's financial markets and private sector - highlighted by a major bull run in 1990. On July 13, 1992, the exchange was privatized under the ownership of Jakarta Exchange Inc. As a result, the functions of Bapepam changed to become the Capital Market Supervisory Agency. On March 22, 1995 JSX launched the Jakarta Automated Trading System (JATS). In September 2007, Jakarta Stock Exchange and Surabaya Stock Exchange merged and named Indonesian Stock Exchange by Indonesian Minister of Finance. The current location of the Indonesian Stock Exchange is located in the IDX building in the Sudirman Central Business District, South Jakarta, near the current site of the Pacific Place Jakarta.

Merger[edit]

Both Jakarta Stock Exchange (JSX) and the Surabaya Stock Exchange (SSX) merged to form a new entity "Indonesia Stock Exchange" (Bursa Efek Indonesia). After the merger, the new entity has seven directors.

Regulation[edit]

Trading hours[edit]

(All times are based on the Jakarta Automated Trading System (JATS))

Prior to 2014, the index opens from 08.00-17.40, divided into the following:

  • Pre-opening trade (07.30-08.00)
  • 1st session (Monday-Thursday 08.30-12.30, Fridays 08.30-11.30)
  • Lunch break (Monday-Thursday 12.30-14.00, Fridays 11.30-14.00)
  • 2nd session (Monday-Thursday 13.30-17.00, Fridays 14.00-17.00)

With effect from April 17, 2014, the market will open from 08.00 to 17.40, with the following breakdowns:

  • Pre-opening trade (07.45-07.55)
  • 1st session of all trading (Monday-Thursday 08.00-12.30, Fridays 08.00-11.30)
  • Lunch break (Monday-Thursday 12.30-13.30, Fridays 11.30-14.00)

2nd session of trading (Monday-Thursday 13.30-16.50, Fridays 14.00-16.50) consisting of:

  • Regular trade (Monday-Thursday, 13.30-17.30, Fridays 14.00-17.30)
  • Negotiation trade (Monday-Thursday, 13.30-17.30, Fridays 14.00-17.30)

Furthermore, the closing session is divided into two:

  • Pre-closing trade (17.30-17.35)
  • Post-closing trade (17.40-18.00)

The final price shaping occurs at 17.40.

The plan to open earlier trading is to accommodate trading hours which fund managers setting strategies based on Singapore and Hong Kong stock exchange, as well as brokers from Central and Eastern Indonesia which makes up 5% of the brokers all around the country.[1][2] In November 2012, IDX has got approval from the Capital Market and Financial Institution Supervisory Agency (Bapepam-LK) for its plan to start trading 30 minutes earlier and a pre and post closing session to avoid price manipulation.[3]

Lot and tick price[edit]

After delay, the new lot and tick price transactions initial on January 6, 2014, one lot is only 100 shares (lowering from 500 shares) and price movements have only 3 groups:[4][5]

  • below Rp500, the tick price is Rp1
  • from Rp500 to below Rp5,000, the tick price is Rp5
  • same or above Rp5,000, the tick price is Rp25

Stock Indices[edit]

Two of the primary stock market indices used to measure and report value changes in representative stock groupings are the Jakarta Composite Index and the Jakarta Islamic Index (JII). The JII was established in 2002 to act as a benchmark in measuring market activities based on Sharia (Islamic law). Currently, there are approximately 30 corporate stocks listed on the JII.[6] The FTSE/ASEAN Indices were launched by the five ASEAN exchanges (Singapore Exchange, Bursa Malaysia, The Stock Exchange of Thailand, Jakarta Stock Exchange, and The Philippine Stock Exchange) and global index provider FTSE on September 21, 2005. The indices, covering the five ASEAN markets, are designed using international standards, free float adjusted, and based on the Industry Classification Benchmark (ICB). The indices comprise FTSE/ASEAN Benchmark Index and FTSE/ASEAN 40 tradable index. The FTSE/ASEAN 40 index is calculated on a real-time basis from 9:00 a.m. and the closing index is calculated at 6:00 p.m. (Singapore time). The FTSE/ASEAN benchmark index is calculated on end-of-day basis.

Besides Jakarta Composite Index and JII, IDX also has 4 more types of index, namely Individual Index, Sector Stock Price Index, LQ 45 Index, Main Board and Development Board Indices.[7]

At May 12, 2011 Indonesia Stock Exchange officially launched a new Indonesia Sharia Stock Index (ISSI), which comprises 214 Indonesian stocks which have been screened by the Majelis Ulama Indonesia (Indonesia Ulema Council).[8] Fatwa Number 80 from Indonesia Ulema Council is expected to make public no longer have any doubt to make sharia investment in the capital market to eventually increase the number of the domestic investors in the Indonesia Stock Exchange.[9]

Figures[edit]

At end of 2010, the capitalization is Rp.3,100 trillion and 26 percent of it are 17 state-owned companies listed among 421 companies listed. The greatest company capitalization is also state-owned company: Telkom (Code: TLKM) with Rp.161.2 billion. 7 of 20 greatest amount of capitalization are also state-owned companies.[10]

In June 3, 2011 there are 344,279 local investors registered at the IDX Custodian (KSEI).[11]

As of the end of 2011, foreigners owned 60 percent of publicy traded stock, but throughout the year domestic traders dominated trading with a share of 64.5 percent.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]