List of Indonesian acronyms and abbreviations

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A[edit]

ABRI (Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia) - Military of Indonesia (New Order Era)

AMD (ABRI Masuk Desa) - A social responsibility program by Indonesian army (ABRI), such as providing free medical service, repairing/building roads and public utilities.

AMS (Dutch: Algeme(e)ne Middelbare School) - High School or College (Dutch colonial era)

antv (Andalas Televisi) - Andalas Television (Private Television Station)

APBN (Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara). The national budget.

APRA (Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil) - a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia (1950), led by former Dutch army officer, Captain Westerling.

AS (Amerika Serikat) - USA, the United States of America

B[edit]

Bakin (Badan Koordinasi Intelijen) - Indonesian Intelligence Coordination body.

Bakom PKB (Badan Komunikasi Penghayatan Kesatuan Bangsa) - an ethnic Chinese organization, led by Major Sindhunata.

Bakosurtanal (Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional) - National Coordinating Agency for Surveying and Mapping

Bappenas (Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Nasional) Indonesian National Development Agency.

Baperki (Badan Permusjawaratan Kewarganegaraan Indonesia) - a pro Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), ethnic Chinese organization.

Basarnas (Badan SAR Nasional) - National search and rescue organization.

BKKBN (Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencana Nasional) - a coordinating body of family planning (Indonesian birth control) movement.

BKN (Badan Kepegawaian Negara) - Agency for government employees

BNN (Badan Narkotika Nasional) - Agency for monitoring narcotics

BPPT (Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi) - Agency for The Assestment and Application of Technology.

Berita Negara - Official Gazette of Indonesia

BRI (Bank Rakyat Indonesia) - People's Bank of Indonesia, a privately owned bank.

C[edit]

Cagub (Calon Gubenur) - Gubernatorial Candidate

Capres (Calon Presiden) - Presidential Candidate

Cawagub (Calon Wakil Gubenur) - Liutenant Gubernatorial Candidate

Cawakot (Calon Wali Kota) - Mayoral Candidate

Cawapres (Calon Wakil Presiden) - Vice Presidential Candidate

Cerpen (Cerita Pendek) - Short story

D[edit]

Depdagri (Departemen Dalam Negeri) - Department of Internal Affairs

Depdikbud (Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan) - Department of Education and Culture (Suharto era).

Depdiknas (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia) - Department of Education.

Dephan (Departemen Pertahanan) - Department of Defense.

Deplu (Departemen Luar Negeri) - Department of Foreign Affairs.

Depsos (Departemen Sosial) - Department of Social Affairs.

DI (Daerah Istimewa) - special region.

DIPIAD (Dinas Pusat Intelijen Angkatan Darat) Army Central Intelligence Service.

DI/TII/NII (Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia/Negara Islam Indonesia) - an extreme Muslim rebel group against Republic of Indonesia in West Java (1945–1963), led by Kartosoewiryo. Their main goal was establishing a Moslem country in Indonesia.

DKI (Daerah Khusus Ibukota) - Special Capital Region (Jakarta).

E[edit]

ELS (Dutch: Europeesche Lagere School) - Primary School (Dutch colonial era)

ET (Eks Tahanan Politik) - a mark put on the ID Card (Kartu Tanda Penduduk) of former political prisoners (new order era).

G[edit]

GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka) - Free Aceh Movement, a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia (1976–2005).

Gerwani (Gerakan Wanita)) - The women's organisation of the Communist Party of Indonesia

GIA (Garuda Indonesia Airlines) - a state owned airlines (the official flag carrier).

I[edit]

IKAPI (Ikatan Penerbit Indonesia) - Association of Indonesian Publishers

J[edit]

JI (Jemaah Islamiyah) - a Muslim terrorist group established in Malaysia by Abu Bakar Basyir and Sungkar.

K[edit]

KAI (Kereta Api Indonesia) - a state owned train company.

KBRI (Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia) - Indonesian Embassy

KJRI(Konsulat Jenderal Republik Indonesia) - Indonesian Consulate General

KKN:

  • Korupsi, Kolusi, Nepotisme - Corruption, Collusion, Nepotism.
  • Kuliah Kerja Nyata - senior universities students work as intern in companies or villages.

Kelompencapir (Kelompok Pendengar, Pembaca, Pirsawan) - a group of Indonesian farmers in villages who listen to radio, watch TV, and read newspapers together for information about farming and agriculture.

Kemdagri (Kementrian Dalam Negeri) - Ministry of Internal Affairs (current)

Kemlu (Kementrian Luar Negeri) - Ministry of Foreign Affairs (current)

Kemsos (Kementrian Sosial) - Ministry of Social Affairs (current)

Kopaja (Koperasi Angkutan Jakarta) - A very common bus seen in Jakarta transporting people for about Rp. 2,000

KODAM (Komando Daerah Militer) - Indonesian Army's Provincial office

KOPASSUS (Komando Pasukan Khusus) - Indonesian Army's special troops command.

KORAMIL (Komando Rayon Militer) - Indonesian Army's district office

KOSTRAD (Komando Strategis dan Cadangan TNI Angkatan Darat) - Army Strategic Reserve Command.

Kowani (Kongress Wanita Indonesia) - Indonesian Women's Congress

KPI (Koalisi Perempuan Indonesia untuk Keadilan dan Demokrasi) - Indonesian Women's Coalition for Justice and Democracy

KTP (Kartu Tanda Penduduk) - Identity Card

KUD (Koperasi Unit Desa) - cooperation of farmers in a village.

KUK (Kredit Usaha Kecil) - micro credits for small-scale business.

KUT (Kredit Usaha Tani) - micro credits for farmers in villages.

L[edit]

LAPAN (Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional) - Indonesian National Aerospace Institute.

LBHI (Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia) - Indonesia Free Legal Aid Institute.

LKBN (Lembaga Kantor Berita Nasional) - National News Bureau.

Lekra (Lembaga Kebudayaan Rakyat) - a pro Indonesian communist party (PKI) artist organization. One of the leaders of Lekra was Pramoedya Ananta Toer.

LIPI (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia) - Indonesian Institute of Science.

M[edit]

Mahmilub (Mahkamah Militer Luar Biasa) - special Military court created in 1966 to prosecute military and civilian perpetrators of G30S movement.

Masyumi (Majelis Syura Muslimin Indonesia) - an old Islamic Party During Liberal democratic era (1949–1959)

Mendiknas (Menteri Pendidikan Nasional) - Minister of Education (current political title)

Menlu (Menteri Luar Negeri) - Foreign Minister

MMI (Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia) - an extreme Muslim group in Surakarta, Central Java, led by Abu Bakar Basyir.

MPR (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) - People's Consultative Assembly - national legislature.

MULO (Dutch: Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs) - Middle School (Dutch colonial era)

N[edit]

Narkoba (NARKotika dan Obat-obatan berBAhaya) - Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs

Nasakom (Nasionalis, Agama, Komunis) - an abbreviation created by Sukarno "Nationalist, Religionist, Communist"

Napza (Narkotika, Psikotropika dan zat-zat terlarang) - Narcotics, Psychotropics and Prohibited Substance.

Nekolim (Neo Kolonialisme dan Imperialisme) an abbreviation created by Sukarno "Neo Colonialism and Imperialism"

P[edit]

Paskibra (Pasukan Pengibar Bendera) - flag raiser troops

Paskibraka (Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka) - Flag Raiser troops on August 17th Ceremony at Merdeka Palace

PAUD (Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini) - Indonesian Kindegarten

PBB -(Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa) - United Nations

-("Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan") - Ground and Building Tax

PDGI (Persatuan Dokter Gigi Indonesia) - Union of Indonesian Dentists

PDRI (Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia) - Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia: from December 22, 1948, to December 27, 1949. This emergency government was located in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra and led by Syafruddin Prawiranegara.

PELNI (Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia) - the state owned ocean liner company.

Permias (Persekutuan Mahasiswa Indonesia di Amerika Serikat) - Organization of the Indonesian Students in the United States

PKI (Partai Komunis Indonesia) - Indonesian Communist Party

PKK (Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga) - lit "Family Welfare Education" The National Women's Movement

PMA (Penanaman Modal Asing) - Foreign Direct Investment company

PMDN - Domestic Direct Investment company, i.e. 100% of shares held by Indonesian citizens

PMI (Palang Merah Indonesia) - Indonesian Red Cross.

PMKRI (Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Katholik Republik Indonesia) - Union of Catholic University Students of the Republic of Indonesia

PMR (Palang Merah Remaja) - Youth Red Cross

POLRI (Polisi Republik Indonesia) - Indonesian National Police.

PP (Peraturan Pemerintah) - Government Regulations.

PPh (Pajak Penghasilan) - Salary Tax.

PPn (Pajak Pertambahan Nilai) - Goods tax.

PPnBM (Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang Mewah) - Luxury Goods tax.

Pramuka (Praja Muda Karana) - Indonesian Scout Organization

PRRI/Permesta (Pemerintahan Revolusioner Republik Indonesia/Perjuangan Rakyat Semesta) - a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia in West Sumatra and North Sulawesi (1957), supported by Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

PT (Perseroan Terbatas) - Limited Liability Company (LLC) -or- Proprietary Limited (Pty Ltd)

R[edit]

RAPBN (Rancangan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara) - The National Budget Plans.

RBTV (Reksa Birama Televisi) - Regional television station

RCTI (Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia) - (lit: Hawk Television Indonesia) Private Television Broadcaster

Repelita (Rencana Pembangunan Lima Tahun) - Five-Year Development Plan

RI (Republik Indonesia) - Republic of Indonesia.

RIS (Republik Indonesia Serikat) - The United States of Indonesia (from December 27, 1949, to August 17, 1950).

Rohis (Rohani Islam) - Moslem school organization.

RPKAD (Resimen Para Komando Angkatan Darat) - Former Indonesian Army's Special Operation Troops (now KOPASSUS)

RS (Rumah Saki) - Hospital:

  • RSU (Rumah Sakit Umum) - Public hospital.
  • RSUD (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah) - Regional public hospital.
  • RSJ (Rumah Sakit Jiwa) - Psychiatric hospital.
  • RSB (Rumah Sakit Bersalin) - Maternity hospital.
  • RSIA (Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak) - Pediatrics and Women hospital.
  • RSAD (Rumah Sakit Angkatan Darat) - Military hospital (Indonesia army).
  • RSAL (Rumah Sakit Angkatan Laut) - Military hospital (Indonesia navy).

S[edit]

Sekjen (Sekratari Jeneral) - Secretary General (of an organisation)

SCTV(Surya Citra Televisi) - (lit: Sun Television) Private Television Broadcaster

SD (Sekolah Dasar) - Primary School (current)

SDSB (Sumbangan Dana Sosial Berhadiah) - National Lottery (defunct)

SIM (Surat Izin Mengemudi) - Driving License

SLTA (Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Atas) - High School

SLTP (Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama) - Middle School

SMA (Sekolah Menengah Atas) - High School (It was first used before the name SLTA, but currently used again widely)

SMP (Sekolah Menengah Pertama) - Middle School (It was first used before the name SLTP, but currently used again widely)

Supersemar (Surat Perintah Sebelas Maret) - 11 March Government Letter. Letter written by President Sukarno in 1966 formally granting Suharto Emergency Powers over the nation of Indonesia.

T[edit]

Tapol (Tahanan Politik) - Political prisoner

TNI (Tentara Negara Indonesia) - Military of Indonesia

TNI AD (Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Darat) - Indonesian Army.

TNI AL (Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Laut) - Indonesian Navy.

TNI AU (Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Udara) - Indonesian Airforce.

TPI (Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia) - Educational Television Indonesia (private television broadcaster)

TVRI (Televisi Republik Indonesia) - Television of Republic of Indonesia (publicly owned broadcaster)

W[edit]

WALHI (Wahana Lingkungan Hidup) - Indonesian environmental organization.

Wapres (Wakil Presiden) - Vice President

WIB (Waktu Indonesia Barat) - Western Indonesia Time, i.e. UTC/GMT+7, a.k.a. time in Jakarta

WIT (Waktu Indonesia Timur) - Eastern Indonesia Time, i.e. UTC/GMT+9, a.k.a. time in Papua

WITA (Waktu Indonesia Tenggah) - Central Indonesia Time, i.e. UTC/GMT+8, a.k.a. time in Bali

Y[edit]

YPAC (Yayasan Pendidikan Anak-anak Cacat) - Foundation for the Education of Disabled Children.

External links[edit]

Jakarta Post list of Acronyms and Abbreviations: [1]