Indonesian legislative election, 2014

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Indonesian legislative election, 2014
Indonesia
2009 ←
9 April 2014
→ 2019

All 692 seats to the People's Consultative Assembly
(People's Representative Council: 560; Regional Representative Council: 136)

281 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 75.11%
  First party Second party Third party
  Megawati Sukarnoputri Aburizal Bakrie Prabowo Subianto
Leader Megawati Sukarnoputri Aburizal Bakrie Prabowo Subianto
Party PDI–P Golkar Gerindra
Last election 94 seats, 14.03% 106 seats, 14.45% 26 seats, 4.46%
Seats won 109 91 73
Seat change Increase15 Decrease15 Increase47
Popular vote 23,681,471 18,432,312 14,760,371
Percentage 18.95% 14.75% 11.81%
Swing Increase4.92% Increase0.30% Increase7.35%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Hatta Rajasa
PKB
Leader Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Hatta Rajasa Muhaimin Iskandar
Party Demokrat PAN PKB
Last election 148 seats, 20.85% 46 seats, 6.01% 28 seats, 4.94%
Seats won 61 49 47
Seat change Decrease87 Increase3 Increase19
Popular vote 12,728,913 9,481,621 11,298,957
Percentage 10.19% 7.59% 9.04%
Swing Decrease10.66% Increase1.58% Increase4.10%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Anis Matta Suryadharma Ali
NASDEM
Leader Anis Matta Suryadharma Ali Surya Paloh
Party PKS PPP Nasdem
Last election 57 seats, 7.88% 38 seats, 5.32% New party
Seats won 40 39 35
Seat change Decrease17 Increase1 New party
Popular vote 8,480,204 8,157,488 8,402,812
Percentage 6.79% 6.53% 6.72%
Swing Decrease1.09% Increase1.21% New party

Speakers before election

MPR: Sidarto Danusubroto
DPR: Marzuki Alie
DPD: Irman Gusman

Speakers-designate

MPR:
DPR:
DPD:

National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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Legislative elections were held in Indonesia on 9 April 2014 to elect 136 members of the Regional Representative Council (DPD), 560 members of the People's Representative Council (DPR) and members of regional assemblies at the provincial and regency/municipality level.[1] For eligible voters residing outside Indonesia, elections were held on 5 or 6 April 2014 based on the decision of electoral commission of each different countries.

Seats up for election[edit]

Legislative elections in Indonesia: April 2014[2]
Level Institution Seats contested
National People's Representative Council
Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR)
560
National Regional Representative Council
Dewan Perwakilan Daerah (DPD)
136
Province
Provinsi
Regional Representative Council Level I
Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah I (DPRD I)
2,112
Regency
Kabupaten/Kota
Regional Representative Council Level II
Dewan Perwakilian Rakyat Daerah II (DPRD II)
16,895
Total 20,389

Parties contesting the elections[edit]

A total of 46 parties registered to take part in the election nationwide, from which only 12 parties (plus 3 Aceh parties) passed the requirements set by the General Elections Commission (KPU). To contest the elections, all parties must have

  • A branch office and branch in every province
  • A branch office and branch at least 75% of the regencies or municipalities in every province
  • A branch (but not necessarily a permanent office) in at least 50% of the districts in every regency or municipality
  • At least 1,000 registered members

In addition, at least one third of each party's candidates must be female.[2]

Initially all parties with seats in the People's Representative Council were to be allowed to contest the election without the need for verification, but on 29 August 2012, Indonesia's Constitutional Court overturned this provision, obliging all parties to undergo the process.[3]

The results of this election will be instrumental to the presidential election in July due to the requirement that a presidential ticket must be supported by a party or a coalition of parties winning at least 20% of the seats or 25% of the popular votes in the legislative election.

The 12 national and 3 Aceh parties, together with their ballot numbers are:

  1. National Democratic Party (Partai Nasional Demokrat, Nasdem)
  2. National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa, PKB)
  3. Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, PKS)
  4. Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, PDI–P)
  5. Party of the Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya, Golkar)
  6. Great Indonesia Movement Party (Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra)
  7. Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat, PD)
  8. National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional, PAN)
  9. United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan, PPP)
  10. People's Conscience Party (Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat, Hanura)
  11. Aceh Peace Party (Partai Damai Aceh, PDA)
  12. Aceh National Party (Partai Nasional Aceh, PNA)
  13. Aceh Party (Partai Aceh, PA)
  14. Crescent Star Party (Partai Bulan Bintang, PBB)
  15. Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, PKPI)

Election schedule[edit]

A polling station used for the 2014 Indonesian legislative elections. The foyr ballot boxes are at the front, while the voting booths are as the rear.

The schedule for the elections, as determined by the Indonesian General Elections Commission is as follows:[4]

Date Event
9 August 2012 Voter registration begins
9–15 April 2013 Registration of candidates for the DPR, DPD and DPRD
4 August 2013 Publication of final list of DPR candidates
16 August 2013 Publication of provisional electoral roll
16 March 2014 Start of election campaign
6–8 April 2014 Quiet period - no campaigning allowed
9 April 2014 Election day
7–9 May 2014 Announcement of results
11–17 May 2014 Announcement of seat allocations
1 October 2014 DPR and DPD members sworn in

Electoral system[edit]

On polling day, voters were be given four ballot papers, one each for the national People's Representative Council (DPR) and Regional Representative Council (DPD) and one each for their local provincial and regency/municipality Regional Representative Councils (DPRD I and DPRD II). Candidates for the DPR and DPRDI/II stand on a party platform. The ballot papers had a section for each of the parties with the party number and symbol. Under the symbols, that parties candidates were be listed. Voters can vote for just the party, or one of the candidates (or both) by punching a hole in the ballot paper with the tool provided. Candidates for the DPD stand on an individual basis, so voters simply need to punch a hole in the candidate's picture, ballot number or name.[5]

Allocation of seats[edit]

For the People's Representative Council (DPR) election each province has been divided into between one and ten electoral districts depending on population. Each of these electoral districts will elect between three and ten members.[5]

Province DPR seats Electoral
districts
Aceh 13 2
North Sumatra 30 3
West Sumatra 14 2
Riau 11 2
Riau Islands 3 1
Jambi 7 1
South Sumatra 17 2
Bangka–Belitung Islands 3 1
Bengkulu 4 1
Lampung 18 2
Jakarta 21 3
West Java 91 11
Banten 22 3
Central Java 77 10
Yogyakarta 8 1
East Java 87 11
Bali 9 1
West Nusa Tenggara 10 1
East Nusa Tenggara 13 2
West Kalimantan 10 1
Central Kalimantan 6 1
South Kalimantan 11 2
East Kalimantan 8 1
North Sulawesi 6 1
Gorontalo 3 1
Central Sulawesi 6 1
South Sulawesi 24 3
Southeast Sulawesi 5 1
West Sulawesi 3 1
Maluku 4 1
North Maluku 3 1
Papua 10 1
West Papua 3 1
Total 560 77

Once the votes are counted, the General Elections Commission will eliminate any party that has failed to obtain an 3.5% share of the national vote. It will then allocate seats in the People's Representative Council via a two-stage process. First the number of votes to secure one DPR seat in each electoral district will be calculated by dividing the number of valid votes by the number of seats to be elected in each district. Each party's vote in each district will be divided by this amount to determine the number of seats won outright. Any party with less than this amount will win no seats in this first stage. The remaining votes will then be used to determine which party wins any seats so far unallocated by awarding these seats to the parties with the largest remainders until all seats are allocated.[2]

Only parties with at least 25 percent of the popular vote or that control 20 percent of seats in the DPR will be able to nominate candidates for the presidential election. Parties that do not fulfill the percentage must form a coalition with other parties so that they fulfill enough percentage to nominate a candidate. [6]

Opinion polls[edit]

Numerous opinion polls have been done by many different pollsters to gauge the voting intention of the electorate. However, many of them are regarded to be unreliable.[7] The quality of polling in Indonesia varies considerably. Further, some of the polling institutions provide little information about their polling methods. The data set out below should therefore be treated with care.

Poll source
Date(s) administered Sample size Demokrat
Golkar
PDI-P
PKS
PAN
PPP
PKB
Gerindra
Hanura
Nasdem
PBB
PKPI
Undecided
2009 election 9 April 2009 104,048,118 20.85% 14.45% 14.03% 7.88% 6.01% 5.32% 4.94% 4.46% 3.77% 1.79% 0.90% 15.60%
LSI (Lingkaran) 1–8 March 2013 1,200 11.7% 22.2% 18.8% 3.7% 4.0% 4.0% 4.5% 7.3% 2.6% 4.5% 16.7%
LSN 26 February–15 March 2013 1,230 4.3% 19.2% 20.5% 4.6% 4.1% 3.4% 4.1% 11.9% 6.2% 5.3% 0.4% 0.2% 15.8%
LKP 20–30 March 2013 1,225 7.8% 19.2% 18.8% 5.1% 4.6% 3.9% 4.4% 10.5% 8.1% 6.3% 0.9% 0.3% 10.1%
LSN 1–10 May 2013 1,230 6.1% 19.7% 18.3% 3.8% 3.8% 4.3% 4.6% 13.9% 6.9% 4.8% 1.4% 0.05% 11.9%
LIPI 10–31 May 2013 1,799 11.1% 14.5% 14.9% 2.6% 2.5% 2.9% 5.6% 7.4% 1.9% 2.2% 0.6% 0.3% 31.1%
IRC May 2013 - 7.5% 12.2% 14.7% 2.8% 2.8% 2.4% 2.8% 11.1% 4.0% 4.5% 0.4% 0.3% -
PDB 11–18 June 2013 1,200 9.4% 14.1% 14.53% 1.2% 2.56% 2.31% 2.56% 8.89% 1.03% 3.33% 0.34% 0.09% 21.11%
IRC 8–11 July 2013 794 7.66% 7.00% 17.96% 3.30% 1.45% 0.9% 1.19% 6.61% 5.95% 2.11% 1.4% 1.5% 44.1%
Kompas July 2013 1,400 10.1% 16.0% 23.6% 2.20% 2.5% 4.2% 5.7% 13.6% 2.7% 4.1% 13.4%
Alvara 15–23 August 2013 1,532 7.4% 8.4% 14.8% 3.4% 2.1% 2.2% 1.7% 12.5% 3.8% 4.6% 0.1% 0.1% 39.0%
SSSG 25 August–9 September 2013 1,250 10.3% 5.0% 13.6% 2.9% 2.7% 0.9% 0.6% 5.6% 2.2% 1.9% 0.9% 0.1%
LSI (Lingkaran) 12 September–5 October 2013 1,200 9.8% 20.4% 18.7% 4.4% 5.2% 4.6% 4.6% 6.6% 3.4% 2.0% 0.6% 0.3% 19.4%
Pol-Tracking Institute 13 September–11 October 2013 2,010 8.8% 16.9% 18.5% 2.9% 2.0% 3.4% 4.6% 6.6% 3.5% 2.1% 0.7% 0.1% -
Indikator 10–20 October 2013 1,200 (400) 9.2% 17.5% 21.6% 3.1% 1.2% 4.7% 4.5% 9.1% 4.1% 3.7% 0.9% 0% 20.3%
Indikator (if Joko Widodo runs) 8.8% 16.9% 37.8% 0.6% 2.5% 3.6% 2.5% 6.6% 3.5% 1.4% 0.3% 0% 21.1%
Morgan October 2013 2,985 15% 21% 24% 5% 5% 2% 7% 12% 5% 2% 1% 1%
Morgan November 2013 2,960 14% 21% 29% 5% 5% 2% 5% 12% 5% 2% 0%
Charta Politika 28 November–6 December 2013 2,010 7.4% 12.6% 15.8% 3.8% 4.4% 3.8% 5.9% 7.8% 4.1% 3.9% 0.4% 0.3% 29.7%
Indo Barometer 4–15 December 2013 1,200 5.4% 14.2% 28.8% 2.5% 4.2% 2.1% 7.1% 9.2% 2.5% 0.8% 0.4% 0.0% 22.9
Pol-Tracking Institute 16–23 December 2013 1,200 7.92% 15.93% 22.44% 3.00% 2.67% 4.50% 4.59% 8.67% 4.25% 2.50% 0.25% 0.00% 23.27%
Kompas December 2013 1,380-1,400 7.2% 16.5% 21.8% 2.3% 3.2% 2.4% 5.1% 11.1% 6.6% 6.9% 1.1% 0.1% 6.7%
Morgan December 2013 2,144 14% 20% 26% 4% 5% 2% 6% 12% 6% 3% 1% 1%
LSI (Lingkaran) 6–16 January 2014 1,200 4.7% 18.3% 18.2% 2.2% 3.3% 3.6% 3.7% 8.7% 4.0% 2.0% 0.7% 0.5% 30.1%
LSJ 12–26 January 2014 1,240 6.12% 17.74% 19.83% 3.87% 4.51% 4.83% 4.67% 12.58% 6.85% 6.94% 1.20% 0.24% 10.62%
Morgan January 2014 3,000 11% 20% 27% 4% 5% 2% 7% 14% 6% 2% 1% 1%
Median 28 January–15 February 2014 1,500 5.7% 17.8% 21.4% 5.1% 3.5% 4.9% 5.0% 6.2% 4.8% 3.6% 1.1% 0.1% 20.8%
Morgan February 2014 2,934 10% 20% 29% 4% 4% 2% 6% 15% 7% 2% 1%
LKP 26 February–4 March 2014 1,240 6.7% 18.1% 21.8% 3.7% 3.3% 3.5% 5.7% 11.1% 11.3% 3.1% 1.1% 0.3% 10.3%
Charta Politika 1–8 March 2014 1,200 8.0% 16.4% 21.2% 3.2% 4.5% 5.1% 7.2% 12.0% 4.8% 2.6% 0.4% 0.1% 14.5%
Morgan 1–15 March 2014 2,300 11% 22% 27% 4% 4% 3% 3% 17% 6% 2% 1%
Morgan 16–30 March 2014 1,965 10% 17% 37% 4% 4% 2% 3% 14% 6% 3%
JSI 24-30 March 2014 1,200 9.0% 18.0% 24.7% 4.3% 6.5% 5.4% 7.9% 11.8% 6.1% 4.4% 0.9% 0.9%
Election results 9 April 2014 124,972,491 10.19% 14.75% 18.95% 6.79% 7.59% 6.53% 9.04% 11.81% 5.26% 6.72% 1.46% 0.91%

Results[edit]

Over 185 million people were registered to vote. PDI-P central executive board leader Puan Maharani said that early results had shown the party had won a plurality. Lingkaran Survei Indonesia, which monitored the election said that with 90% of the vote counted, PDI-P had 19.8%, Golkar had 14.6%, Gerindra had 11.8% and the Democratic Party had 9.7%. The General Elections Commission (KPU) will confirm the result on 9 May.[8]

Parties are required to pass the 25% threshold to field their own presidential candidate and thus an alliance would need to be formed if PDI-P was to nominate Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo for the post.[9] Other presidential hopefuls like Bakrie and Prabowo are also likely to seek party alliances in the coming weeks.


e • d  Summary of the 9 April 2014 Indonesian People's Representative Council election results
Parties Votes % Swing Seats % +/-
Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, PDI–P) 23,681,471 18.95 Increase4.92 109 19.46 Increase15
Party of the Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya, Golkar) 18,432,312 14.75 Increase0.30 91 16.25 Decrease15
Great Indonesia Movement Party (Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra) 14,760,371 11.81 Increase7.35 73 13.04 Increase47
Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat, PD) 12,728,913 10.19 Decrease10.66 61 10.89 Decrease87
National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional, PAN) 9,481,621 7.59 Increase1.58 49 8.75 Increase3
National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa, PKB) 11,298,957 9.04 Increase4.10 47 8.39 Increase19
Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, PKS) 8,480,204 6.79 Decrease1.09 40 7.14 Decrease17
United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan, PPP) 8,157,488 6.53 Increase1.21 39 6.96 Increase1
Nasdem Party (Partai Nasdem, Nasdem) 8,402,812 6.72 New 35 6.25 New
People's Conscience Party (Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat, Hanura) 6,579,498 5.26 Increase1.49 16 2.86 Decrease1
Crescent Star Party (Partai Bulan Bintang, PBB) 1,825,750 1.46 Decrease0.33 0 0.00 Steady
Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, PKPI) 1,143,094 0.91 Increase0.01 0 0.00 Steady
Total 124,972,491 100.00 Steady 560 100.00 Steady
Spoilt and null votes 14,601,436 7.86 Decrease6.57
Voter turnout 139,573,927 75.11 Increase4.12
Electorate 185,826,024
Source: General Election Commission[citation needed] and People's Representative Council website[citation needed]
Note: Seat change totals are displayed only for parties which stood in the previous election, including those which changed party names
Parties contesting in Aceh only
Aceh Party (Partai Aceh)
Aceh National Party (Partai Nasional Aceh, PNA) New
Aceh Peace Party (Partai Damai Aceh, PDA) New
Source: [10][11][12][13][14]

Note: 1. Results are pending to appeals made in the Constitutional Court.
2. Aceh local parties only contested for the regional legislative assemblies, not the DPR. Results are included here for completeness. The remainder of the votes were won by national parties.

Popular vote
PDI–P
  
18.95%
Golkar
  
14.75%
Gerindra
  
11.81%
Demokrat
  
10.19%
PKB
  
9.04%
PAN
  
7.59%
PKS
  
6.79%
Nasdem
  
6.72%
PPP
  
6.53%
Hanura
  
5.26%
Other
  
2.37%
DPR seats
PDI–P
  
19.46%
Golkar
  
16.25%
Gerindra
  
13.04%
Demokrat
  
10.89%
PAN
  
8.75%
PKB
  
8.39%
PKS
  
7.14%
PPP
  
6.96%
Nasdem
  
6.25%
Hanura
  
2.86%

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ KPU (General Elections Commission) (8 June 2012). "Launching Tahapan Pemilu, KPU Tetapkan Pemungutan Suara: 9 April 2014 (Launching of the Election Stages, KPU Sets Voting Day: 9 April 2014)" (in Indonesian). KPU Media Center. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Vikram Nehru; Nadia Bulkin (2014). "How Indonesia’s 2014 Elections Will Work". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "46 political parties meet deadline to register for 2014 elections". The Jakarta Post. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Tahapan Pemuilu (Election Stages) (in Indonesian), Komisi Pemilihan Umum (General Elections Commission), retrieved 24 March 2014 
  5. ^ a b General Elections Commission (Indonesia) (6 April 2014), "Coblos Pilihanmu!!! (Punch your choice!!!)", Kompas (Jakarta): A–D 
  6. ^ "Ruling stymies Prabowo’s bid". The Jakarta Post. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ratusan Lembaga Survei Tidak Terpercaya" (in Indonesian). Kompas. March 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-04-09/indonesians-pick-lawmakers-to-pave-way-for-presidential-ballot.html
  9. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2014/04/indonesian-election-poll-puts-pdi-p-ahead-20144911244400761.html
  10. ^ "PDI-P Pemenang Pemilu Legislatif 2014" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  11. ^ http://www.kpu.go.id/koleksigambar/952014_SK_KPU_411.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.kpu.go.id/koleksigambar/952014_SK_KPU_412.pdf
  13. ^ "Lebih dari 14 Juta Suara Pemilu Legislatif 2014 Rusak?" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Ini Sebaran Kursi Partai di 33 Provinsi" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Retrieved 13 May 2014.