Indonesian military ranks

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Indonesian National Armed Forces
Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Lambang TNI 2013.png
Insignia of Indonesian National Armed Forces
Founded October 5, 1945 (as Badan Keamanan Rakyat)
Service branches

Indonesian Army TNI AD (Army)
Indonesian National Navy TNI AL (Navy)

Indonesian National Air Force TNI AU (Air Force)
Headquarters Jakarta
Manpower
Reaching military
age annually
(2008 est.[1])
Active personnel 476,000 persons[citation needed]
Expenditures
Budget $8.4 billion USD (2013)
Percent of GDP 1.0% (2013)

The Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) uses a simplified ranking system for the three branches of Indonesian Army, Indonesian Navy and Indonesian Air Force. Most of the ranks are similar with differences for the rank titles of the high-ranking officers. Exception exists, however, in the ranks of the service members of the Indonesian Marine Corps. While Indonesian Marine Corps is a branch of the Navy, the rank titles of the Marine Corps are the same as those of the Army, but it still uses the Navy's style insignia (for lower-ranking enlisted men, blue are replacing the red color).

As said above, all services maintain the same rank insignia and title, with the main difference for officers are that high-ranking officers use their special titles, while officers below that rank use the similar title but followed by their respective branch/corps abbreviation. For example, an Army colonel with Infantry branch use the title "Kolonel INF.", which "INF" means "Infanteri" or "Infantry"; A Navy colonel with Supply Corps background use the title "Kolonel Laut (S)", in which "S" means "Suplai" or "Supply". Also, an Air Force Colonel with Electronical Engineering Corps background use the title "Kolonel (Lek)", in which "Lek" means "Elektronika" or "Electronics". There are no differences with enlisted personnel's title for Army and Air Force, but the Navy still use the personnel's branch/corps abbreviation behind the title.

High-ranking officers use gold stars as their insignia, middle-rank officers use gold jasmine buds and lower-rank officer use gold bars. High-rank NCOs use wavy bars, NCOs use yellow chevrons, high-rank enlisted men use red chevrons (blue for Navy and Marine Corps) and lower-rank enlisted men use red bars (blue for Navy and Marine Corps).

Rank and Insignia[edit]

Tentara Keamanan Rakyat and Tentara Nasional Indonesia before 1957[edit]

The following ranks were used at the beginning of the establishment of Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (TKR, People's Security Forces)in 1946, before the current Indonesian National Armed Forces were officially formed. This first rank system, with insignia following Japanese practice, where used until 1957. [2]

The TKR's Ground, Air and Naval Forces, later the Indonesian Army, Air Force, and Navy, used these ranks. (The same Army ranks were also used by the nascent Indonesian Marine Corps.)

Rank category Ranks of the TKR Ground Forces (until 1948),
Ranks of the Indonesian Army (1949-57)
Ranks of the Indonesian Marine Corps (formerly TKR Marine Corps 1945-1948 and later Navy Commando Corps 1948-57)
Ranks of the TKR Naval Forces (until 1948),
Ranks of the Indonesian Navy (1949-57)
Ranks of the TKR Air Force (until 1948),
Ranks of the Indonesian Air Force (1949-57)
Generals,
flag officers,
air marshals
Djenderal
(General)
Laksamana I
(Admiral)
Laksamana Udara
(Air Marshal)
Letnan Djenderal
(Lieutenant General)
Laksamana II
(Vice Admiral)
Laksamana Muda Udara
(Air Vice Marshal)
Djenderal Major
(Major General)
Laksamana III
(Rear Admiral)
Komodor Udara
(Air Commodore)
Senior officers Kolonel
(Colonel)
Kolonel Laut
(Colonel)
Komodor Muda Udara
(Group Captain)
Letnan Kolonel
(Lieutenant Colonel)
Letnan Kolonel Laut
(Lieutenant Colonel)
Opsir Udara I
(Wing Commander)
Mayor
(Major)
Mayor Laut
(Major)
Opsir Udara II
(Squadron Leader)
Junior officers Kapten
(Captain)
Kapten Laut
(Captain)
Opsir Udara III
(Flight Lieutenant)
Letnan I
(First Lieutenant)
Letnan Laut
(First Lieutenant)
Opsir Muda Udara I
(Flying Officer)
Letnan II
(Second Lieutenant)
Letnan Muda Laut
(Second Lieutenant)
Opsir Muda Udara II
(Pilot Officer)
Non-commissioned officers Letnan Muda,
Pembantu Letnan (Warrant Officer)
Adjudan
(Adjutant)
Opsir Muda Udara III
(Warrant Officer,
Master Aircrew)
Sersan Major
(Sergeant Major)
Sersan Major
(Sergeant Major)
Sersan Major
(Sergeant Major)
Sersan
(Sergeant)
Sersan
(Sergeant)
Sersan
(Sergeant)
Enlisted men,
ratings
Kopral
(Corporal)
Kopral
(Leading Seaman)
Kopral
(Corporal)
Pradjurit I
(Private First Class)
Kelasi I
(Able Seaman)
Pradjurit I
(Airman First Class)
Pradjurit II
(Private)
Kelasi II
(Seaman)
Pradjurit II
(Airman)


  • Note: Previous spelling used until 1973 was utilized.

TNI 1957-73[edit]

The rank system was updated by yet another General Orders on June 22, 1957.[3] The Army and Marines received the Brigadier General rank, the Navy flag officer ranks were replaced by new ones (Admiral, Vice Admiral, Rear Admiral and Commodore replacing Admiral 1st Class, Admiral 2nd Class and Admiral 3rd Class) and the Air Force updated its air marshals' rank system. The ranks remained Army-style in the Army and Navy (including Marines) and army-style ranks were formally introduced into the air force. NCOs and Enlisted ranks and ratings became different per service branch.

  • Note: Post-1973 spelling used
Rank Category Indonesian Army,
Indonesian Marine Corps
(Commando Corps till 1973)
Indonesian Navy Indonesian Air Force
Generals,
flag officers,
air marshals
Jenderal
(General)
Laksamana
(Admiral)
Laksamana Udara
(Air Chief Marshal)
Letnan Jenderal
(Lieutenant General)
Laksamana Madya
(Vice Admiral)
Laksamana Madya Udara
(Air Marshal)
Jenderal Major
(Major General)
Laksamana Muda
(Rear Admiral)
Laksamana Muda Udara
(Air Vice Marshal)
Brigadir Jenderal
(Brigadier General)
Komodor
(Commodore)
Komodor Udara
(Air Commodore)
Field officers Kolonel
(Colonel)
Kolonel Laut
(Colonel)
Kolonel Udara
(Colonel)
Letnan Kolonel
(Lieutenant Colonel)
Letnan Kolonel Laut
(Lieutenant Colonel)
Letnan Kolonel Udara
(Lieutenant Colonel)
Mayor
(Major)
Mayor
(Major)
Mayor Udara
(Major)
Junior grade officers Kapten
(Captain)
Kapten
(Captain)
Kapten Udara
(Captain)
Letnan I
(First Lieutenant)
Letnan
(First Lieutenant)
Letnan Udara I
(First Lieutenant)
Letnan II
(Second Lieutenant)
Letnan Muda
(Second Lieutenant)
Letnan Udara II
(Second Lieutenant)
Warrant officers and non-commissioned personnel Pembantu Letnan I
(Chief Warrant Officer)
Pembantu Letnan
(Warrant Officer)
Letnan Muda Udara I
(Warrant Officer Class 1)
Pembantu Letnan Calon Perwira
(Warrant Officer Class 1)
Pembantu Letnan II
(Warrant Officer Class 2)
Ajudan
(Adjutant)
Letnan Muda Udara II
(Warrant Officer Class 2)
Sersan Major
(Sergeant Major)
Sersan Major I
(Master Chief Petty Officer)
Sersan Major Udara
(Sergeant Major)
Sersan Mayor II
(Senior Chief Petty Officer)
Sersan Kepala
(Staff Sergeant)
Sersan I (Chief Petty Officer) Sersan Udara I (Flight Sergeant)
Sersan I
(Sergeant First Class)
Sersan II
(Sergeant)
Sersan II
(Petty Officer 1st Class)
Sersan Udara II
(Sergeant)
Enlisted personnel,
ratings
Kopral Kepala (Master Corporal) Kopral
(Petty Officer 2nd Class)
Kopral Udara I
(Corporal)
Kopral I
(Corporal)
Kopral II
(Lance Corporal)
Kopral Udara II
(Lance Corporal)
Prajurit Kader
(Specialist)
Kelasi I (Seaman) Prajurit Udara I
(Airman First Class)
Prajurit I
(Private First Class)
Prajurit II
(Private)
Kelasi II
(Seaman Apprentice)
Prajurit Udara II
(Airman)
Kelasi III
(Seaman Recruit)

Tentara Nasional Indonesia today[edit]

The ranks and rank insignia used today come from the Armed Forces rank regulations of 1990 and 1997, themselves revisions of the first rank regulations published in 1973 to use the current system.

TNI Angkatan Darat (Indonesian Army) and Korps Marinir (Indonesian Marine Corps) TNI Angkatan Laut (Indonesian Navy) TNI Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air Force)
Perwira (Officer)
Honorary Rank
Jenderal besar pdh ad.png
Jenderal Besar (General of the Army/Marshal)
Laksamana besar pdh al.png
Laksamana Besar (Admiral of the Fleet)
Marsekal besar pdh au.png
Marsekal Besar (Marshal of the Air Force)
Perwira Tinggi (Flag Officer, General Officer)
Jenderal pdh ad.png
Jenderal (General)
Laksamana pdh al.png
Laksamana (Admiral)
Marsekal pdh au.png
Marsekal (Air Chief Marshal)
Letjen pdh ad.png
Letnan Jenderal (Lieutenant General)
Laksdya pdh al.png
Laksamana Madya (Vice Admiral, lit. Middle Admiral)
Marsdya pdh au.png
Marsekal Madya (Air Marshal, lit. Middle Marshal)
Mayjen pdh ad.png
Mayor Jenderal (Major General)
Laksda pdh al.png
Laksamana Muda (Rear Admiral, lit. Young Admiral)
Marsda pdh au.png
Marsekal Muda (Air Vice Marshal, lit. Young Marshal)
Brigjen pdh ad.png
Brigadir Jenderal (Brigadier General)
Laksma pdh al.png
Laksamana Pertama (Commodore, lit. means First Admiral)
Marsma pdh au.png
Marsekal Pertama (Air Commodore, lit. means First Marshal)
Perwira Menengah (Middle-ranked Officer)
Kolonel pdh ad.png
Kolonel (Colonel)
Kolonel pdh al.png
Kolonel (Colonel)
Kolonel pdh au.png
Kolonel (Colonel)
Letkol pdh ad.png
Letnan Kolonel (Lieutenant Colonel)
Letkol pdh al.png
Letnan Kolonel (Lieutenant Colonel)
Letkol pdh au.png
Letnan Kolonel (Lieutenant Colonel)
Mayor pdh ad.png
Mayor (Major)
Mayor pdh al.png
Mayor (Major)
Mayor pdh au.png
Mayor (Major)
Perwira Pertama (Lower-ranked Officer)
Kapten pdh ad.png
Kapten (Captain)
Kapten pdh al.png
Kapten (Captain)
Kapten pdh au.png
Kapten (Captain)
Lettu pdh ad.png
Letnan Satu (First Lieutenant, Lieutenant)
Lettu pdh al.png
Letnan Satu (First Lieutenant, Lieutenant)
Lettu pdh au.png
Letnan Satu (First Lieutenant, Lieutenant)
Letda pdh ad.png
Letnan Dua (Second Lieutenant)
Letda pdh al.png
Letnan Dua (Second Lieutenant)
Letda pdh au.png
Letnan Dua (Second Lieutenant)
Bintara (Non-Commissioned Officer)
Bintara Tinggi (Warrant Officer)
Peltu pdh ad.png
Pembantu Letnan Satu (Chief Warrant Officer, lit. First Lieutenant Assistant)
Peltu pdh al.png
Pembantu Letnan Satu (Chief Warrant Officer, lit. First Lieutenant Assistant)
Peltu pdh au.png
Pembantu Letnan Satu (Chief Warrant Officer, lit. First Lieutenant Assistant)
Pelda pdh ad.png
Pembantu Letnan Dua (Warrant Officer, lit. Second Lieutenant Assistant)
Pelda pdh al.png
Pembantu Letnan Dua (Warrant Officer, lit. Second Lieutenant Assistant)
Pelda pdh au.png
Pembantu Letnan Dua (Warrant Officer, lit. Second Lieutenant Assistant)
Bintara (Non-Commissioned Officer)
Serma pdh ad.png
Sersan Mayor (Sergeant Major)
Serma pdh al.png
Sersan Mayor (Sergeant Major), equivalent with Command Master Chief Petty Officer
Serma pdh au.png
Sersan Mayor (Sergeant Major)
Serka pdh ad.png
Sersan Kepala (Chief Sergeant)
Serka pdh al.png
Sersan Kepala (Chief Sergeant), equivalent with Master Chief Petty Officer
Serka pdh au.png
Sersan Kepala (Chief Sergeant)
Sertu pdh ad.png
Sersan Satu (First Sergeant)
Sertu pdh al.png
Sersan Satu (First Sergeant), equivalent with Senior Chief Petty Officer
Sertu pdh au.png
Sersan Satu (First Sergeant)
Serda pdh ad.png
Sersan Dua (Second Sergeant)
Serda pdh al.png
Sersan Dua (Second Sergeant), equivalent with Chief Petty Officer
Serda pdh au.png
Sersan Dua (Second Sergeant)
Tamtama (Enlisted)
Tamtama Kepala (Higher rank enlisted)
Kopka pdh ad.png
Kopral Kepala (Chief Corporal)
Kopka pdh al.png
Kopral Kepala (Chief Seaman Corporal), equivalent with 1st Class Petty Officer
Kopka pdh au.png
Kopral Kepala (Chief Corporal)
Koptu pdh ad.png
Kopral Satu (Corporal)
Koptu pdh al.png
Kopral Satu (Leading Seaman Corporal), equivalent with 2nd Class Petty Officer
Koptu pdh au.png
Kopral Satu (Corporal)
Kopda pdh ad.png
Kopral Dua (Lance Corporal)
Kopda pdh al.png
Kopral Dua (Able Seaman Corporal), equivalent with 3rd Class Petty Officer
Kopda pdh au.png
Kopral Dua (Lance Corporal)
Tamtama (Lower rank Enlisted)
Praka pdh ad.png
Prajurit Kepala (Chief Private)
Kelasi kepala pdh al.png
Kelasi Kepala (Chief Seaman)
Praka pdh au.png
Prajurit Kepala (Chief Airman)
Pratu pdh ad.png
Prajurit Satu (Private First Class)
Kelasi satu pdh al.png
Kelasi Satu (Seaman)
Pratu pdh au.png
Prajurit Satu (Airman First Class)
Prada pdh ad.png
Prajurit Dua (Private, Marine)
Kelasi dua pdh al.png
Kelasi Dua (Seaman Recruit)
Prada pdh au.png
Prajurit Dua (Airman)

From 1973 to 1990, the rank of Senior warrant officer (Calon Perwira) was used and was the highest rank for all warrant officers during that time. The enlisted ranks then were as follows:

  • Army and Marine Corps:
    • Kopral Satu (Corporal)
    • Kopral Dua (Lance Corporal)
    • Prajurit Satu (Private First Class)
    • Prajurit Dua (Private)
  • Air Force:
    • Kopral Satu (Corporal)
    • Kopral Dua (Lance Corporal)
    • Prajurit Satu (Airman First Class)
    • Prajurit Dua (Airman Basic)
  • Navy:
    • Kopral Satu (Petty Officer 1st Class)
    • Kopral Dua (Petty Officer 2nd Class)
    • Kelasi Satu (Seaman)
    • Kelasi Dua (Seaman Recruit)

References[edit]

  1. ^ CIA World Factbook Indonesia. Retrieved 25 July 2008
  2. ^ Peraturan Pemerintah No.21 Tahun 1949 Tentang Gaji Militer. Lampiran A. 
  3. ^ Peraturan Pemerintah No.24 Tahun 1957 Tentang Peraturan Pangkat-pangkat Militer dalam Angkatan Perang Republik Indonesia. Lampiran A (Lembaran Negara Tahun 1957 Nomor. 65). 

External links[edit]