Industria Aeronautică Română

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Industria Aeronautică Română
Industry Aerospace
Founded 1925
Headquarters Braşov, Romania
Website www.iar.ro

Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) (now IAR S.A. Brasov) or Romanian Aeronautic Industry in English, is a Romanian aerospace manufacturer founded in 1925.[1] Based in Ghimbav, near Braşov, Romania, the company employs around 1200 specialists including more than 170 engineers. It carries out upgrades, revisions, and overhauls on helicopters and light aircraft.[2]

History[edit]

IAR Braşov facilities in 1940

To ensure that the Royal Romanian Air Force (the Aeronautica Regală Română, or ARR) would be supplied with aircraft without reliance on foreign producers, the Romanian government subsidized the creation of three major aircraft manufacturers in the interbellum period. The first was Societatea pentru Exploatări Tehnice (SET) which was founded in Bucharest in 1923. Next came IAR, which was formed in Braşov since 1925. Finally there was ICAR (Întreprinderea de Construcţii Aeronautice Româneşti), which was created in Bucharest in 1932, and operated the factory at Brasov known as ICA-Brasov (Întreprinderea de Construcţii Aeronautice - Brasov).

One of the engineers designing IAR aircraft in the early 1930s was Elie Carafoli.

During World War II the IAR 80 and IAR 81 fighter aircraft were designed and produced at IAR facilities.[1]

In 1945 and 1947, under the coordination of Radu Manicatide and Radu Mărdărescu, IAR developed a microcar, named M.R., and an automobile.[3]

Since 1968, IAR has produced more than 370 helicopters (IAR 316 and IAR 330), 830 gliders, including motor gliders, and 140 aircraft.

In 2000,[4] IAR created, with Eurocopter, Eurocopter Romania, holding a 49%[5] stake in it.

Products[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Industria Aeronautica Romana IAR 80 & 81 at century-of-flight.net
  2. ^ Romania-Aviation Industry
  3. ^ From the history of the automobile(Romanian)
  4. ^ "Signature marks to the Go Ahead For Eurocopter Romania" Eurocopter. Eurocopter.com. Accessed 9 July 2011.
  5. ^ "EC ROMANIA (EUROCOPTER ROMANIA SA)" Eurocopter. Eurocopter.com. Accessed 9 July 2011.

External links[edit]