Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) (now IAR S.A. Brasov) or Romanian Aeronautic Industry in English, is a Romanianaerospace manufacturer founded in 1925. Based in Ghimbav, near Braşov, Romania, the company employs around 1200 specialists including more than 170 engineers. It carries out upgrades, revisions, and overhauls on helicopters and light aircraft.
To ensure that the Royal Romanian Air Force (the Aeronautica Regală Română, or ARR) would be supplied with aircraft without reliance on foreign producers, the Romanian government subsidized the creation of three major aircraft manufacturers in the interbellum period. The first was Societatea pentru Exploatări Tehnice (SET) which was founded in Bucharest in 1923. Next came IAR, which was formed in Braşov since 1925. Finally there was ICAR (Întreprinderea de Construcţii Aeronautice Româneşti), which was created in Bucharest in 1932, and operated the factory at Brasov known as ICA-Brasov (Întreprinderea de Construcţii Aeronautice - Brasov).
One of the engineers designing IAR aircraft in the early 1930s was Elie Carafoli.