Industrial Research Institute

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The Industrial Research Institute, Inc. (IRI) is a nonprofit association based in Arlington, Virginia. The stated mission of IRI, which was founded by the National Research Council in 1938, is “to enhance the effectiveness of technological innovation by networking the world's best practitioners and thought leaders to seek, share, learn, and create”.[1] IRI is a nonpartisan, membership-based organization that brings leaders of R&D together to discover and share best practices in the management of technological innovation.

IRI Logo.
Official logo of the Industrial Research Institute, Inc. (IRI)

History[edit]

IRI held its first meeting on February 25, 1938,[2] after the National Research Council established it as a branch within its Division of Engineering and Industrial Research (DEIR).[3][4] IRI’s original membership consisted of fourteen companies; the organization's first president was Maurice Holland, then director of DEIR.[5] On April 17, 1945, IRI separated from the National Research Council and formed a nonprofit, 501(c)(6) organization, incorporated in the State of New York.[6]

Original member companies[edit]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1938, IRI is established as a department within the National Research Council's Division of Engineering and Industrial Research (DEIR).[7]
  • 1945, IRI separates from the National Research Council and forms an independent organization.[8][9]
  • 1946, IRI establishes the IRI Medal.
  • 1952, IRI hosts a meeting with the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) and the Mutual Security Agency to discuss the management and organization of applied science.
  • 1958, The need to publish research findings results in the creation of IRI's journal Research Management.[10]
  • 1960, IRI collaborates with the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration to develop an executive management course called Seminar on Management of Industrial Research and later the Special Industry Training Program, which is offered annually henceforth.[11]
  • 1966, The organization assists the OEEC in developing a proposal for the construction of a college in Europe meant to teach scientists how to manage and lead. This eventually leads to the creation of one of IRI's sister organizations, the European Industrial Research and Management Association (EIRMA).[12]
  • 1968, After failing to convince the National Science Foundation (NSF) to sponsor the creation of "research-on-research" centers in U.S. universities, the IRI Board appoints a Research-on-Research (ROR) Subcommittee to initiate the work.
  • 1971, the ROR Subcommittee evolves into one of IRI’s central units: Research-on-Research (ROR) Working Groups, each exploring a specific topic in research and innovation management, with oversight of the diverse groups managed by a central committee.
  • 1973, IRI establishes the IRI Achievement Award.
  • 1982, IRI establishes the Maurice Holland Award.
  • 1984, IRI creates a fellowship program to allow an individual to serve in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) at the White House.
  • 1985, IRI and its journal begin publishing the results of an annual survey regarding expected expenditure levels among R&D labs. The report is known as the R&D Trends Forecast.[13]
  • 1988, Research Management is redesigned and renamed Research-Technology Management as part of the Institute's 50th anniversary celebration.
  • 1989, the IRI Board decides to relocate IRI headquarters from New York City to Washington, DC.
  • 1994, the Special Industry Training Program at Harvard University is relocated to the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, Chicago, and renamed the Shaping Innovation Leaders Executive Program.
  • 1995, the IRI Board changes the constitution of the Institute to allow for organizations without a U.S.-based lab to become members, helping to expand membership internationally.
  • 2001, RTM begins to be offered online via Ingenta.
  • 2003, IRI headquarters is moved from Washington, D.C., to Arlington, VA.
  • 2007, IRI celebrates RTM's 50th year of publication.
  • 2008, IRI drafts policy speeches on science and technology for both candidates in the presidential election.
  • 2012, IRI's journal, RTM, is redesigned and reformatted starting in the January–February 2012 issue.[14]
  • 2013, IRI celebrates its 75th anniversary.

Governance[edit]

IRI governance resides in its membership. Each member organization is responsible for choosing a voting representative to vote on its behalf in IRI elections. A simple majority is required for any action to be taken. The membership is led by an elected sixteen-member Board of Directors, with each member serving three years. The board also appoints a president who serves as Chief Staff Administrator and deciding voter should a tie occur.[15]

Membership[edit]

To qualify for membership, an organization should have as its primary purpose the creation, production, and marketing of physical or intellectual products or services based on technological innovation. Federal laboratories involved in technological innovation, research, design, or technical support of products and services may also join as Associate Members. The Board of Directors retains the right to offer limited membership to others at its discretion.[16]

Membership includes free attendance passes to IRI events and a subscription to IRI's official journal, Research-Technology Management (RTM).

Publications[edit]

The Institute maintains a bimonthly journal, Research-Technology Management (RTM), originally titled Research Management. It publishes peer-reviewed articles covering the full spectrum of technological innovation, from R&D through product development to commercialization. Oversight of the journal is provided by an appointed Board of Editors; the Editor-in-Chief and the Managing Editor provide day-to-day management.

The Institute also issues monthly newsletters, press releases on important events, and occasional white papers on a variety of topics.

Awards[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IRI Website, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.
  2. ^ Place, Geoffrey. "IRI's First 100 Years," Research-Technology Management, Vol. 32, No. 1 (January–February 1989), pp. 21-26.
  3. ^ "The Industrial Research Institute," p. 321, Science Magazine, 7 October 1938.
  4. ^ Godin, Benoit. "The Linear Model of Innovation: The Historical Construction of an Analytical Framework", Working Paper No. 30, 2005, pp. 9-10.
  5. ^ Godin, Benoit. "The Linear Model of Innovation: The Historical Construction of an Analytical Framework", Working Paper No. 30, 2005, pp. 15.
  6. ^ IRI Brief History page, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.
  7. ^ "The Industrial Research Institute," p. 321, Science Magazine, 7 October 1938.
  8. ^ "Appendix J: The Industrial Research Institute, Inc." Technology Commercialization: Russian Challenges, American Lessons. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies, Office of International Affairs, 1998, pp. 120-121.
  9. ^ Godin, Benoit. "The Linear Model of Innovation: The Historical Construction of an Analytical Framework", Working Paper No. 30, 2005, p. 10, footnote 17.
  10. ^ Burrill, Charles. "From the Editor," Research Management, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Spring 1958), p. 3.
  11. ^ Press Release: Renato Tagiuri Obituary, Harvard Business School Press Room, April 25, 2011, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.
  12. ^ EIRMA Website, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Industrial Research Institute, Inc. "Industrial Research Institute's Annual R&D Trends Survey: This first annual trends survey finds member companies anticipating more R&D spending, more R&D hiring, and more "new business projects" for 1985," Research Management, Vol. 28, No. 2 (March–April 1985), pp. 10-12.
  14. ^ Research-Technology Management, Vol. 55, No. 1 (January–February 2012).
  15. ^ IRI Constitution and Bylaws, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.
  16. ^ IRI Constitution and Bylaws, accessed Feb. 13, 2012.

External links[edit]