Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria

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For other people called Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma, see Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma.
Infanta Alicia of Spain
Infanta of Spain; Dowager Duchess of Calabria
Spouse Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Issue Princess Teresa, Duchess of Salerno
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
Princess Inés María, Duchess of Siracusa
Full name
Italian: Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria
House House of Bourbon-Parma (by birth)
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (by marriage)
Father Elias, Duke of Parma
Mother Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
Born (1917-11-13) 13 November 1917 (age 96)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Religion Roman Catholic
Royal styles of
Infanta Alicia of Spain,
Dowager Duchess of Calábria
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
Two Sicilies Royal Family
Great Royal Coat of Arms of theTwo Sicilies.svg

HRH The Dowager Duchess

Infanta Alicia of Spain, Dowager Duchess of Calabria[1] (née: Princess of Bourbon-Parma; given names: Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria; born 13 November 1917)[1] is a daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma and Piacenza and his wife Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria.[1] Alicia was Duchess of Calabria through her marriage to Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (1901–1964).[1] From 1936 she bore the title of Infanta of Spain.[2] She was born in Vienna, Austria.[1]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Alicia married Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901 - 3 February 1964), her second cousin and the eldest child and son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and his wife Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, on 16 April 1936 in Vienna, Austria.[1] Alicia and Alfonso had three children:[1]

  • Princess Teresa María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 6 February 1937) ∞ Don Íñigo Moreno y Artega, Marqués de Laula on 16 April 1961 in Madrid, Spain
    • Rodrigo Moreno y de Borbón (born 1 February 1962)
    • Alicia Moreno y de Borbón (born 6 June 1964) ∞ José Luis Hernández y Eraso (1949 - 2012)
      • Íñigo Hernández y Moreno (born 2000)
      • Alejandra Hernández y Moreno (born 2000)
    • Alfonso Moreno y de Borbón (born 19 October 1965) ∞ Marta Calvo y Molezún
      • Íñigo Moreno y Calvo (born 2001)
      • Lucía Moreno y Calvo (born 2003)
    • Beatriz Moreno y de Borbón (born 10 May 1967) ∞ Lucas Urquijo y Fernández-Araoz
      • Teresa Urquijo y Moreno (born on October 1996)
      • Juan Urquijo y Moreno (born 1999)
    • Fernando Moreno y de Borbón (born 8 July 1969 - died in a motorcycle accident on 12 May 2011)
    • Clara Moreno y de Borbón (born 14 June 1971)
    • Delia Moreno y de Borbón (born 30 August 1972) ∞ Álvaro de Ledesma y Sanchiz
      • Alicia de Ledesma y Moreno (born 2009)
      • Enrique de Ledesma y Moreno (born 2010)
  • Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (born 16 January 1938) ∞ Princess Anne of Orléans on 12 May 1965 in Dreux, France
    • Princess Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 15 March 1966) ∞ Pedro López-Quesada y Fernández Urrutia (born 1964) in 1994 at Ciudad Real.
      • Victoria Lopez-Quesada y de Borbón-Dos Sicilias (born 1997)
      • Pedro Lopez-Quesada y de Bórbon-Dos Sicilias (born 2003)
    • Princess María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 5 April 1967) ∞ Archduke Simeon of Austria (born 29 June 1958), a grandson of Emperor Karl I of Austria and Empress Zita (née of Bourbon-Parma), in 1996 at Ciudad Real.
      • Archduke Johannes of Austria (born 1997)
      • Archduke Ludwig of Austria (born 1998)
      • Archduchess Isabel of Austria (born 2000)
      • Archduchess Carlota of Austria (born 2003)
      • Archduke Philipp of Austria (born 2007)
    • Prince Pedro, Duke of Noto (born 16 October 1968) ∞ Sofia Landaluce y Melgarejo (born 1973) in 2001 at Madrid.
      • Prince Jaime de Borbón-dos Sicilias y Landaluce, Duke of Capua (born 1993)
      • Prince Juan de Borbón-dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 2003)
      • Prince Pablo de Borbón-dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 2004)
      • Prince Pedro de Borbon-dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 2005)
      • Princess Sofia de Borbon-dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 12 November 2008)
      • Princess Blanca de Borbon-dos Sicilias y Landaluce (born 7 April 2011)
    • Princess Inés María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 20 April 1971) ∞ Nobile Michele Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano (born 1965) in 2001 at Toledo.
      • Nobile Teresa Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano (born 2003)
      • Nobile Blanca Carrelli Palombi dei Marchesi di Raiano (born 2005)
    • Princess Victoria of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 24 May 1976) ∞ Greek shipowner Markos Nomikos (born 1965) in 2003.
      • Anastasios Nomikos (born 2005)
      • Ana Nomikos (born 2006)
      • Carlos Nomikos (born 2008)
      • Simeon Nomikos (born 2012)
  • Princess Inés María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (born 18 February 1940) ∞ Don Luis de Morales y Aguado (1933 - 2000) on 21 January 1965 in Madrid, Spain
    • Isabel de Morales y de Borbón (born 10 April 1966) ∞ Joaquín Galán y Otamendi
      • Carlota Galán y de Morales (born 1998)
      • Inés Galán y de Morales (born 2000)
    • Eugenia de Morales y de Borbón (born 14 December 1967) ∞ Íñigo Valdenebro y García de Polavieja
      • Gonzalo Valdenebro y de Morales (born 1998)
      • Jimena Valdenebro y de Morales (born 2002)
    • Sonia de Morales y de Borbón (born 9 December 1969) ∞ Alejandro García-Atance y Leurquín
      • Alfonso Romero y de Morales (born 1989) son of Santiago Romero Jiménez
      • Íñigo García-Atance y de Morales (born 2000)
      • Sofía García-Atance y de Morales (born 2001)
    • Manuel de Morales y de Borbón (born 16 December 1971) ∞ Emma Ruiz de Azcárate y García de Lomas
      • Luis de Morales y Ruiz de Azcárate (born 2009)
      • Juan de Morales y Ruiz de Azcárate (born 2012)
    • Mencía de Morales y de Borbón (born 25 November 1976)

Heiress to thrones[edit]

The arms of Princess Alice.

Alicia is heiress to the throne of the Kingdom of Navarre if its traditional succession law (male-preference primogeniture) is followed, according to her son's official website.[3]

Andorra has had female monarchs as accordance with male-preference primogeniture and thus she could be considered heiress to the Andorran throne, regardless of the former law of succession in France. This line follows the Count of Chambord's older sister, Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois, mother of Robert I, Duke of Parma, father of Elias, Duke of Parma, father of Infanta Alicia.

As the heir-general of Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain by male-preference primogeniture, Infanta Alicia is also the senior genealogical representative of the kings of Castile, Aragon, Naples, and Sicily by the ancient laws of those kingdoms and also of the former provinces and states of the Burgundian Netherlands under the uniform rule of succession laid down by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549. Her son Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria, will at her death not only be the direct senior genealogical representative of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (who hailed from a more junior lineage of the House of Bourbon whose right to the throne was acquired by international treaty in 1734) but also of the more ancient dynasties which ruled Sicily from 1282 and Naples from 1442 up to the year 1700.

If the marriage of Maria Beatrice of Savoy to her uncle is deemed illegal, then Alicia, as heir of Maria Beatrice's next sister, would be the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland.[4] However, English and Scots law in 1688 (after which point Jacobites must admit it to be static, as changes would require the approval of the monarch, who they hold is not the person actually on the throne) stated that a marriage contracted outside of the realms was not challenged if it was legal in its own land; thus, since Maria Beatrice and her mother's brother Francis IV, Duke of Modena received the Pope's consent to marry, Alicia's claim is weak.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

  • HRH Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma (1917–1936)
  • HRH Infanta Alicia of Spain, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1936–1960)
  • HRH The Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria (1960–1964)
  • HRH The Infanta Alicia, Dowager Duchess of Calabria (1964–present)

Honours[edit]

Longevity[edit]

Although another Infanta,[7] Alicia María de Borbón, great-great-grandchild of Charles IV of Spain through her great-grandfather by masculine line, Infante Carlos María Isidro, died nearly ninety-eight years and almost six months on January 20 in 1975, exactly ten months before Francisco Franco's death, which would cause King Juan Carlos I's ascent to the Spanish throne, there is no memory or registered case about a King of Spain's daughter or granddaughter, neither by blood nor in law, legally styled as Infanta of Spain and with a marriage celebrated according to the rules of succession, as long-lived as Alicia, who was ninety-six and a half years at the time of her nephew Juan Carlos I's abdication.[8] Nevertheless, she still takes part in activities that the Spanish Royal House[9] organises, at least from time to time. Alicia survives as the last former King Juan Carlos I' aunt, being his maternal half uncle Infante Alfonso's widow, and so the next King Philip VI of Spain has this Infanta as his last surviving paternal grandaunt in first degree. Because of the dynastic intra-marriages of her branch, her descendants are included in the line of succession to the Spanish throne.[10][11]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Alice Maria di Borbone, Principessa di Parma". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  2. ^ "Genealogy of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Real Casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias website". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  3. ^ "Real casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  4. ^ "The Infanta Alicia of Spain". Jacobite.ca. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  5. ^ Geneall
  6. ^ Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (2008). "Membership of the Constantinian Order". Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ [5]