Infanta Amelia Philippina of Spain
|Amalia of Spain|
|Princess Adalbert of Bavaria|
|Spouse||Prince Adalbert of Bavaria|
|Issue||Prince Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria
Prince Alfons of Bavaria
Isabella, Duchess of Genoa
Princess Elvira of Bavaria
Princess Clara of Bavaria
|House||House of Bourbon (by birth)
House of Wittelsbach (by marriage)
|Father||Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain|
|Mother||Princess Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies|
12 October 1834|
|Died||27 August 1905
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria (present-day Munich, Germany)
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (April 2014)|
Infanta Amalia of Spain (Spanish: Amalia de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; 12 October 1834 – 27 August 1905) was the youngest daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain. Her eldest brother, Francisco de Asís married Queen Isabella II of Spain who was Amalia's first cousin and sister in law. She was the only one of five sisters who made a royal marriage. In 1865 she married Prince Adalbert of Bavaria, a son of King Ludwig of Bavaria. Upon her marriage she moved to Munich where she spent the rest of her life. However she remained attached to her native country and was instrumental in arranging the marriage of her eldest son Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria with her niece Infanta Paz of Spain.
She was born at the royal Palace of Madrid on 12 October 1834 as the eleventh child and sixth daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain, younger brother of King Fernando VII of Spain, and his wife, Princess Luisa Carlota of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Infanta Amalia's mother was the niece of her father since her maternal grandmother, Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain, was the elder sister of Infante Francisco de Paula.
Baptized with the names Amalia Filipina del Pilar Blasa Bonisa Vita, she was born during the early reign of her first cousin Queen Isabella II of Spain. Her maternal aunt, Queen Maria Christina was the regent of Spain. However Amalia's mother, Princess Luisa Carlota of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, quarreled with her sister, the Queen regent and as a consequence they were expelled from Spain in 1838. The family moved to France living under the protection of their uncle King Louis Philippe I. After Queen Maria Christine fell from power in October 1840, Infanta Amalia' s ambitious mother made the family returned to the court of Madrid. Her mother died in January 1844, when she was eight years old. She grew up at the Spanish court and her education, shared with her feeble minded sister, Infanta Christina was rudimentary.
By the age of twenty Infanta Amalia was a plain, short and pudgy young woman. The youngest of five unremarkable sisters, she had been almost forgotten at the Spanish court. However, she was the only one among the sisters to make a royal marriage.
In 1856, Prince Adalbert of Bavaria, fourth son and ninth child of King Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen approached the Spanish court in search of a wife and Amalia was offered in marriage. When Prince Adalbert arrived in Madrid, Amalia was given a considerable dowry by her sister in law Queen Isabella. The marriage was celebrated on 25 August 1856 in Madrid, the festivity of Saint Louis IX of France, Amalia's ancestor, who was patron of both France and Bavaria. Upon her marriage Amalia became a Princess of Bavaria and hereditary Princess of Greece.
At her arrival at the Bavarian court her father in law, King Ludwig I of Bavaria, a great admirer of female beauty, was disappointed when he met his new daughter in law, plump and plain. Infanta Amalia also shocked the court with her smoking habit. Her husband Prince Adalbert was as stout as she, but very tall. He loved drinking and had affairs, but their marriage endured. The couple had five children:
- Ludwig Ferdinand (1859–1949); married Infanta María de la Paz of Spain
- Alfons (1862–1933); married Princess Louise of Orleans, daughter of Ferdinand Philippe Marie, duc d'Alençon
- Isabella (1863–1924); married Tommaso, 2nd Duke of Genoa
- Elvira (1868–1943); married Rudolf von Wrbna-Kaunitz-Rietberg-Questenberg and Freudenthal
- Clara (1874–1941); unmarried
Although Infanta Amalia lived for the rest of his life in Munich, she remained attached to her native country. She visited Spain often and her eldest son Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria was born at the royal palace of Madrid.  She spent the winters at the residence of Munich and the summers at Nymphenburg Palace. Her husband died in 1875; Amalia outlived him by thirty years.
Amalia maintained the proximity with Spain in the next generation. All of her five children spoke Spanish fluently and she encouraged her son Ludwig Ferdinand to marry her niece and goddaughter Infanta Maria de la Paz of Spain. The couple married in 1883.
- Dame of the Order of Theresa
- Dame of the Order of Saint Elizabeth
- Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa
|Ancestors of Infanta Amelia Philippina of Spain|
- Mateos Sainz de Medrano, Ricardo, The Unconventional Sisters of King Francisco de Asis of Spain, European Royal History Journal (Issue XXII, April 2001), pp. 18-19.
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. pp. 155–156, 498. ISBN 0-85011-023-8.
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