Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain

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Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain
Infanta of Spain; Contessa Marone
Infanta María Cristina.jpg
Spouse Enrico Eugenio Marone-Cinzano
Full name
Spanish: Doña María Cristina Teresa Alejandra María de Guadalupe María de la Concepción Ildefonsa Victoria Eugenia de Borbón y Battenberg
House House of Bourbon
Father Alfonso XIII of Spain
Mother Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Burial Marone-Cinzano Pantheon, Turin, Italy
Religion Roman Catholicism
Royal styles of
Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain,
Contessa Marone
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
Arms of Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain.

Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain, Contessa Marone (Doña María Cristina Teresa Alejandra María de Guadalupe María de la Concepción Ildefonsa Victoria Eugenia de Borbón y Battenberg) (12 December 1911 – 23 December 1996) was the fourth child of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg and paternal aunt of the current King Juan Carlos I.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Infanta Maria Cristina was born at the Palacio Real in Madrid, Spain. The Spanish Royal Family left the country in 1931, in the face of Republican demonstrations, settling in Paris, before moving to Fontainebleau.

By 1933 King Alfonso and his daughters, the Infantas Beatriz and Maria Cristina, had moved to Rome. Their father warned would-be suitors of the inherent dangers of hemophilia,[citation needed] from which suffered two of the king's sons (Alfonso and Gonzalo).[citation needed]

Marriage and issue[edit]

She renounced her succession rights to the throne of the defunct Spanish crown and, on 10 June 1940, morganatically married Enrico Eugenio Marone-Cinzano (15 March 1895 Turin – 23 October 1968 Geneva) in Rome.[1][2][3] He had been created 1st Conte Marone on 13 May 1940 by Victor Emanuel III of Italy. He was the son of Alberto Marone and his wife, Paola Cinzano, and was the widower of Noémia Alcorta y García-Mansilla, by whom he had issue.

The marriage produced four daughters:

  • Doña Vittoria Eugenia Alfonsa Alberta del Pilar Enrica Paola Marone-Cinzano (b. Turin, 5 March 1941), married in Geneva on 12 January 1961 José Carlos Alvarez de Toledo y Gross (Málaga, 7 November 1929 – Madrid, 19 March 2000), Marquis de Casa Loring, 8th Conde de Villapaterna, and had issue:
    • Vittoria Eugenia Alvarez de Toledo y Marone-Cinzano (b. Málaga, 8 October 1961), Marquesa de Casa Loring, married in Madrid on 29 September 1982 Alfonso Codorníu y Aguilar (b. Madrid, 24 April 1954), and had issue:
      • Jaime Codorníu y Alvarez de Toledo (b. Madrid, 16 February 1985)
      • Ana Codorníu y Alvarez de Toledo (b. Madrid, 24 January 1987)
    • Francisco de Borja Alvarez de Toledo y Marone-Cinzano (b. Málaga, 25 March 1964), 9th Conde de Villapaterna, married in Waltham, Massachusetts, 25 July 1993 Jill Schlanger (b. Scranton, Pennsylvania, 30 April 1957), and had issue:
      • Daniel Alvarez de Toledo y Schlanger (b. Madrid, 1 June 1995)
      • Jacobo Alvarez de Toledo y Schlanger (b. Madrid, 20 March 1997)
    • Marco Alfonso Alvarez de Toledo y Marone-Cinzano (b. Málaga, 23 January 1965), a priest
    • Gonzalo Alvarez de Toledo y Marone-Cinzano (b. Madrid, 1 October 1973), unmarried and without issue
  • Giovanna Paola Gabriella Marone-Cinzano (b. 31 January 1943), married firstly in San Martino di Zoagli-Rapallo on 24 July 1967 and divorced in 1980 Jaime Galobart y Satrustequi (b. Barcelona, 4 February 1935), and had issue, and married secondly in Lisbon on 4 August 1989 Luis Ángel Sánchez-Merlo y Ruíz (b. Valladolid, 10 October 1947), without issue:
    • Alfonso Alberto Galobart y Marone-Cinzano (b. Madrid, 12 April 1969), married in Madrid on 26 June 1998 Alejandra Kindelán y Oteyza (b. Caracas, 12 September 1971), and had issue:
      • Andrea Galobart y Kindelán (b. 6 December 1999)
      • Alfonso Galobart y Kindelán (b. 15 February 2002)
  • María Theresa Beatrice Marone-Cinzano (b. Lausanne, 4 January 1945), married in Geneva on 22 April 1967 and divorced in 1989 José María Ruíz de Arana y Montalvo (Madrid, 27 April 1933 – Madrid, 30 April 2004), 17th Duke de Baena, 17th Duke de Sanlúcar la Mayor, 15th Marquis de Villamanrique, 13th Marquess of Castromonte, 5th Marquis de Brenes, 11th Conde de Sevilla la Nueva and 5th Visconde de Mamblas, and had issue:
    • María Cristina del Carmen Margarita Ruíz de Arana y Marone-Cinzano (b. Madrid, 25 March 1968), 18th Duchess de Baena, 18th Duchess de Sanlúcar la Mayor, 14th Marquesa de Castromonte, 12th Condesa de Sevilla la Nueva and 6th Viscondesa de Mamblas, unmarried and without issue
    • Isabel Alfonsa Ruíz de Arana y Marone-Cinzano (b. Madrid, 17 May 1970), 16th Marquesa de Villamanrique, married to Ignacio Izuzquiza y Fernández (b. Madrid, 6 May 1970), and had issue:
      • Cristina Izuzquiza y Ruíz de Arana (b. 30 August 2002)
    • Inés Ruíz de Arana y Marone-Cinzano (b. Madrid, 27 December 1973), 6th Marquesa de Brenes, unmarried and without issue
  • Anna Alessandra (Anna Sandra) Marone-Cinzano (b. Turin, 21 December 1948), married firstly in Turin on 7 December 1968 and divorced in 1975 Gian Carlo Stavro di Santarosa (b. Fribourg, 25 May 1944), and had issue, and married secondly in London on 24 July 1986 Fernando Schwartz y Girón (b. Geneva, 16 November 1937), without issue:
    • Astrid Christina Antonia Stavro di Santarosa (b. Trieste, 24 April 1972)
    • Yara Paola Stavro di Santarosa (b. Trieste, 29 June 1974)

Death[edit]

Infanta Maria Cristina returned to Spain and spent periods of time there, but never lived there permanently. She died in Madrid of a heart attack on 23 December 1996 during a Christmas reunion of the royal family at the Villa Giralda, the residence of her sister-in-law the Countess of Barcelona. She was given a state funeral but was buried in the Marone-Cinzano Pantheon in Turin.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tourtchine, Jean-Fred. Le Royaume d'Espagne. Collection "Les manuscrits du CEDRE, dictionnaire historique et généalogique", Paris: Cercle d’études des dynasties royales européennes (CEDRE), 1996. ISSN 0993-3964. Volume III, p. 169.
  2. ^ Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997, pp.117-118.
  3. ^ Zorilla, Francisco. Genealogia de la Casa de Borbon de Espana. Editora Nacional, Madrid, 1971, p. 206.