Infante Fernando, Lord of Eça

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Infanta Fernando
Lord of Eça
Spouse many others
Isabel de Dávalos
Issue Issue link
House Burgundy
Father Infante John, Duke of Valencia de Campos
Mother Maria Tellez de Menezes
Born c. 1378
Died ?
Eça, Galicia
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infante Dom Fernando of Portugal, later de Eza or de Eça (English: Ferdinand) (1378 – Eza?) was the son of Portuguese Infant João, Duke of Valencia de Campos. João, was a son of king Peter I of Portugal with powerful and literary famous for several centuries in several European languages, Galician lady Inés de Castro, "the Queen who ruled after her death".

His father, Infante John, Duke of Valencia de Campos, (*Coimbra 1349 - +Salamanca 1397), buried there, had been legitimized as Infant of Portugal, and became Duque de Valencia de Campos in Castile through his marriage to one of the bastards of bastard king Henry II of Castile. Fernando's father John, had married in 1376, (1st marriage), Castilian lady Maria Tellez de Menezes, assassinated shortly after in 1378 by her 11 years junior in age husband, who had been alerted of her disloyalty, apparently.

Then, he married again in Valencia de Campos in 1378 Constanza de Castilla, señora de Valencia de Campos, 42º 18' N, 5º31' W, illegitimate daughter of bastard King Enrique II of Castile, (1334 - king by assassination in 1369 of legitimate brother Pedro I of Castile - 1379), who was therefore the step mother of orphaned Fernando de Portugal. He became thus Consort duke of Valencia de Campos, in the former kingdom of León, by accepting one of the bastard daughters, named Constanza, of the new king (since 1369, aged 35, through assassination), the Royal bastard known as Henry II of Castile, probably poisoned by the king of Navarre in 1379, aged only around 44-45.

It must be stressed here, that the Black Death in Europe of around 1349 - 1350, seems to have modified in the whole of the European Continent after those times, all kinds of moral or sexual standards within Christianity, to say the least, both in men and women. We are threading also in the dynastic changes, working trades and working people shortages 1350 - 1450, which could be described as the "Century of the Bastards", everywhere in Europe, rather than the fashionable "Marxist" explanations on the rise of Capitalism, perhaps outdated for the 21st-century historians.

Life[edit]

He was the 1st Lord of Eza, a place in Galicia, from where he took his surname, corrupted in Portuguese into Eça, and which was given to him by turbulent Enriquez family member and relative Fadrique de Castilla, 1st Duke of Arjona, deceased in prison.

Marriages and issue[edit]

It is said Fernando was married or perhaps lived with many wives, all of them alive.[1] Other sources say he married six times, having three or four of them alive at once, but only the name of the sixth wife is known.[2]

Apparently, this sixth one, was Isabel de Dávalos, daughter of Pedro López de Dávalos, Adelantado of Murcia, and granddaughter of Ruy López de Dávalos, Constable of Castile . By her he had:

  • Dom Duarte de Eça (born c. 1415), a Clergyman, who had a son by his mistress, issue apparently extinct in male line.
  • Dom Pedro de Eça, 1st Alcaide-Mór of Moura, 2nd Lord of Aldeia Galega da Merceana (born c. 1430, died 1492), who married Leonor Casca de Camões (born c. 1420), Heiress of Moura, and had issue, apparently extinct in male line, and also had issue by unknown women, also apparently extinct in male line.
  • Dona Branca de Eça (born c. 1420), married firstly to Vasco Fernandes de Lucena (born c. 1420), by whom she had a daughter who became Abbess of the Monastery of Celas, in Coimbra, and married secondly to João Rodrigues de Azevedo, ?th Lord of a Fonte de Louro (born c. 1410), and had issue
  • Dona Inês de Eça (born c. 1450), married as his first wife to (Dom) Garcia de Sousa Chichorro (born c. 1450), and had one son
  • Dona Catarina de Eça (born c. 1440, died aft. 1515), Perpetual Abbess of the Monastery of Lorvão, who had issue by Pedro Gomes de Abreu, 5th Lord of Regalados (born c. 1440).

By another of his wives, he had:

  • Dom Fernando de Eça, 1st Alcaide-Mór of Vila Viçosa, in the service of the Duke of Braganza (c. 1410 – Barcelos, Martim, 15 August 1501 or bef. 1513), married to Joana de Saldanha (born c. 1410), and had issue, also had a son by an unknown wife, issue apparently extinct in male line.
  • Dom Garcia de Eça, 1st Alcaide-Mór of Muge (born c. 1410), married firstly to Joana de Albergaria (born c. 1410), and had issue, apparently extinct in male line, and married secondly as her first husband to Dona Catarina Coutinho (born c. 1440), without issue
  • Dona Leonor da Guerra or de Eça (born c. 1410), married to Galiote Leitão, ?th Lord of Torre de Ota (born c. 1410), Nobleman of the Royal Household, and had issue

By another he had:

  • Dom João de Eça, 1st Alcaide-Mór of Moreira, 1st Lord of Aldeia Galega da Merceana (born c. 1420), married to Mécia de Antas (born c. 1420), and had one daughter

By another:

  • Dom Diogo de Eça (born c. 1410), married to Joana da Silva (born c. 1410), without issue
  • Dona Brites or Beatriz de Eça (born c. 1415), Abbess of the Monastery of Celas, in Coimbra, who had issue by Dom João Gomes de Abreu, Bishop of Viseu (c. 1410 – 16 February 1482)
  • Dona Inês de Portugal (born c. 1415), married to Gonzalo Fernández de Hijar, 1st Lord of el Valle del Jalón (c. 1410–1450), and had issue
  • Dona Isabel de Portugal (born c. 1415), married to Juan de Sotomayor (born c. 1410), and had one daughter

By others:

  • Dom Diogo de Eça, died young
  • Dom Antão de Eça, a Monk
  • Dona Beatriz de Portugal
  • Dona Catarina de Eça
  • Dom João de Eça (born c. 1420, died aft. 1475), married to Leonor de Xira (born c. 1420), had a son who died unmarried and without issue, had issue by unknown women, now extinct in male line.

All from different women, it is said that he had 42 children, between sons and daughters.

End of life[edit]

In the end of his life he repented, and he started wearing a rope of the Habit of Saint Francis of Assisi, with which he was buried and which appears in the Coat of Arms of his family in purple with the look of a carbuncule.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He must have had good conscience, or follow the Qur'an, in which are permitted many women. (Nobiliário das Famílias de Portugal, Tomo Décimo Terceiro, ttº Eças, Manuel José da Costa Felgueiras Gaio)
  2. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "capet/capet51.html". Genealogy.EU. [self-published source][better source needed]