Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia

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Infante Jaime
Infante of Spain; Duke of Segovia ; Duke of Anjou
Jaime Enrique de Borbón.jpg
Legitimist pretender to the French throne
Pretendence 28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Predecessor Alfonso XIII of Spain
Successor Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
Legitimist pretender to the Spanish throne
Pretendence 28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Predecessor Alfonso XIII
Successor Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
Spouse Emmanuelle de Dampierre
Charlotte Luise Auguste Tiedemann
Issue Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine
Full name
Jaime Leopoldo Isabelino Enrique Alejandro Alberto Alfonso Víctor Acacio Pedro Pablo María de Borbón y Battenberg
House House of Bourbon
Father Alfonso XIII of Spain
Mother Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Born (1908-06-23)23 June 1908
Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, San Ildefonso, Segovia, Spain
Died 20 March 1975(1975-03-20) (aged 66)
St. Gall Cantonal Hospital, St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Burial El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid, Spain
Religion Roman Catholicism
Royal styles of
Infante Jaime of Spain,
Duke of Segovia and Anjou
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Infante Jaime of Spain, Duke of Segovia, Duke of Anjou, RE (Jaime Leopoldo Isabelino Enrique Alejandro Alberto Alfonso Víctor Acacio Pedro Pablo María de Borbón y Battenberg) (23 June 1908 – 20 March 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. He was born in the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso in Segovia Province.

Succession[edit]

Because he was deaf,[1] as the result of a childhood operation, he renounced his rights to the Spanish throne for himself and his descendants on 21 June/23 June 1933.[2] He was then created the title for life of Duke of Segovia by King Alfonso XIII.[3] After his father's death in 1941, he proclaimed himself the senior legitimate male heir of the House of Capet, heir to the French throne, and head of the House of Bourbon. He then took the title of Duke of Anjou and became, in the opinion of French legitimists, the de jure King of France. He was known to most French legitimists as Henri VI, though to a minority as Jacques II (after 1957, he signed all documents as Jacques Henri).[citation needed]

In 1921, he became the 1,153rd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece[4] and Knight with Collar of the Order of Charles III and Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic both in 1925 (Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic in 1931).[5]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 4 March 1935, in Rome, Jaime married Victoire Jeanne Joséphine Pierre Marie Emmanuelle (Emanuela) de Dampierre (Rome, 8 November 1913 – Rome, 3 May 2012),[6] a noblewoman, daughter of the French nobleman Roger de Dampierre, 2nd Duke of San Lorenzo Nuovo and Viscount of Dampierre, Nobleman of Viterbo (1892–1975) and of the Italian noblewoman Donna Vittoria Ruspoli (1892–1982), daughter of Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio Suasa and his third wife English American Josephine Mary Curtis.[7] Don Jaime and Donna Emanuela had two sons, named for Jaime's hemophiliac brothers, Alfonso and Gonzalo:

Don Jaime and Emmanuelle de Dampierre Ruspoli divorced on 4 May 1947 in Bucharest (recognized by the Italian courts in 1949 but never recognized in Spain) and, on 3 August 1949 in Innsbruck, Don Jaime remarried civilly to divorced singer Charlotte Luise Auguste Tiedemann (Königsberg, 2 January 1919 – Berlin, 3 July 1979), daughter of Otto Eugen Tiedemann and wife Luise Klein.[8] In the eyes of the Roman Catholic Church and of the French legitimists, Emmanuelle de Dampierre remained always his wife. The second marriage produced no children. His first wife remarried in Vienna, on 21 November 1949, to Antonio Sozzani (Milan, 12 July 1918 – Milan, 6 January 2007), son of Cesare Sozzani and wife Cristina Alemani, without issue.

Renunciation[edit]

On 6 December 1949, Don Jaime took back his renunciation of the throne of Spain. On 3 May 1964,[9] he took the title Duke of Madrid as head of the carlist branch of the Spanish succession (recognized as King Jaime IV of Spain by the legitimist group of Carlists who did not support the Borbón-Parma claim after Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime died in 1936. On 19 July 1969, Don Jaime definitively renounced the Spanish succession in favour of his nephew, King Juan Carlos I of Spain, by petition of his son Alfonso de Borbón.

Don Jaime died in St. Gall Cantonal Hospital in Switzerland on 20 March 1975. He is buried at the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

Ancestry[edit]

Heraldry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "ROYALTY: A Wonderful Woman". Time. 2 January 1950. Retrieved 2011-05-25. "Spain's 41-year-old Don Jaime de Bourbon, Duke of Segovia, born deaf & dumb, has always led the quiet life, devoted himself intently to lip reading and to learning to talk which he now does, blurrily but intelligibly, in three languages. The elder of the late King Alfonso's two living sons, he gave up his rights to the Spanish throne 16 years ago in favor of his healthy younger brother Juan, and set off in pursuit of the happiness that has traditionally eluded his hemophilic Bourbon family." 
  2. ^ Preston, Paul (2004). Juan Carlos: Steering Spain From Dictatorship To Democracy. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 4. ISBN 978-0393058048. Retrieved 2011-05-25. "In Fontainebleau, 21 June 1933, Don Jaime, who was single at the time, finally agreed to renounce his rights to the throne, as well as those of his future heirs. The renunciation was irrevocable and would be ratified on 23 July 1945." 
  3. ^ Montague-Smith, ed., Patrick (1963). Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage. London: Kelly's Directories. p. 10. "Assumed the title Duke of Segovia" 
  4. ^ T.F. Boettger. Knights of the Golden Fleece (accessed on November 16, 2007)
  5. ^ Política nacional, ABC, 8 december 1925. Accessed 2012-11-13.
  6. ^ Death of Emanuela de Dampierre
  7. ^ "Milestones, Mar. 11, 1935". Time. 11 March 1935. Retrieved 2011-05-25. "Married. Don Jaime, 26, second son of ex-King Alfonso XIII of Spain; and Emanuela de Dampierre. 20, granddaughter of Princess Ruspoli Poggio di Suasa, (née Josephine Curtis of Boston); in Rome. Born a deaf-mute, Don Jaime has learned to speak croakingly." 
  8. ^ "Milestones, Aug. 15, 1949". Time. 15 August 1949. Retrieved 2011-05-25. "Married. Don Jaime, 41, Duke of Segovia, second son and onetime heir apparent of ex-King Alfonso XIII of Spain (deposed 1931, died in exile 1941), who renounced his claim to the throne in 1933; and Charlotte Tiedemann, German opera singer; in Innsbruck, Austria. Born a deaf mute into a family racked by the "Bourbon curse" of hemophilia, Don Jaime learned to talk intelligibly in three languages, remains healthy." 
  9. ^ Bergamini, John D (1974). The Spanish Bourbons: The History of a Tenacious Dynasty. New York, NY: Putnam. p. 392. ISBN 978-0399113659. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Zavala, José M. Don Jaime, el trágico Borbón: la maldición del hijo sordomudo de Alfonso XIII. Madrid: La Esfera de los Libros, 2006. ISBN 8497345657.
  • Aranguren, Begoña. Emanuela de Dampierre: memorias, esposa y madre de los Borbones que pudieron reinar en España. Madrid: Esfera de los Libros, 2003. ISBN 8497341414.
  • Pedersen, Jørgen. Riddere af Elefantordenen 1559–2009, Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2009. ISBN 8776744345

External links[edit]

Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 23 June 1908 Died: 20 March 1975
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Alphonse I
— TITULAR —
King of France and Navarre
28 February 1941 – 20 March 1975
Reason for succession failure:
Bourbon monarchy abolished in 1830
Succeeded by
Alphonse II